COVINGTON, LANARKSHIRE, SCOTLAND
A small town and
parish (with Thankerton) in the Upperward
of the county of Lanarkshire, 4 miles West by North from Biggar, 33.5 miles
South West of Edinburgh, 7 miles South East of Lanark, 36 miles South East of
Glasgow. It has a population of 518
A habitation name
from Covinton was first recorded in the late 12th
Century in the Latin form Villa Colbani, "Colban's or Cowan's village", and 20 years later as Colbaynistun. The proprietor was a follower of David,
Prince of Cumbria circa 1120. By 1434 the name had been collapsed to Cowantoun, and at the end of the 15th Century, it first
appears in the form Covingtoun. It is, nevertheless
clearly named with the personal name Colban, possibly
derived to Coleman and the Old English "tun", enclosure or settlement.
There could be association with Cobbinshaw or Cobinshaw (18 miles South West of Edinburgh) and Colinton (a village, now part of South West Edinburgh), both of which are in Midlothian.
Covington has a
castle ruin, situated 1 mile North East of Thankerton. The parish is of approx
5110 acres of which 2000 are arable, 80 acres woodland and plantation and the
remainder being sheep pasture. The cattle are mainly of Angus breed and sheep
are of the black faced kind.
The parish of
Covington and Thankerton is about 4 miles in length
South to North and nearly 3 miles in average breadth. It is bounded to the East
by the River Clyde, which separates it from the parish of Libberton.
The ecclesiastical affairs of the parish are under the superintendence of the
presbytery of Biggar and synod of Lothian and Tweedale.
The church in Thankerton has been suffered to fall
into ruins and that of Covington has been enlarged for the population of the
whole parish, The parochial school is in the village of Covington, and in 1960
the master had a salary of £28, with a house and garden and the fees averaged
about £16 per annum.
Of these ancient
parishes, which were joined about the beginning of the 18th century, Covington derived
its name as shown above. Thankerton got it's name from a Flemish settler
Tankard or Thankard, who obtained a grant of lands
here during the reign of Malcolm IV
(Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of Scotland 1960)(Gazetteer of the British Isles - Bartholemew 9th Edition)(Ordance Survey Sheet Number 72, map ref 39/97)(Scottish Place Names - Their Meaning Explained - A.M.Eyers)(Gazetteer of Scotland)(A Dictionary of Surnames - Patrick Hanks & Flavia Hodges)
Covington, a hamlet and a parish in the Upper Ward of Lanarkshire. The hamlet stands between the Clyde and the Caledonian railway, 1¼ mile N by E of its station and post-town Thankerton,, this being 33½ miles SW of Edinburgh and 36½ SE of Glasgow; at it is the parish church (230 sittings), an old building enlarged in the early part of last century. A neighbouring tower, built in 1442 by Lindsay of Covington barony, is now a fine ruin; and Covington Mill was the place where that famous martyr of the Covenant, Donald Cargill, was seized by Irving of Bonshaw in May 1681
For more info on the history of Covington & Thankerton please follow the link