Famous Covingtons

ANTHONY LAWRENCE COVINGTON                                  25 October 2018

ANTHONY LAWRENCE COVINGTON. Ref: 12451. Born: 26 Dec 1967 at Winston-Salem NC. Father: not known,

Father Ref: 0. Mother: not known, Mother Ref: 0. Known as Tony, is a former American football safety in the National

Football League and Arena Football League. He was drafted by the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in the fourth round of the 1991

 NFL Draft, round 4, draft 93. He was with them for 4 years (1991-94). He had played college football at Virginia.


He also played for the Seattle Seahawks (1995) and Tampa Bay Storm (1999).


Career stats: 124 tackles, 4 Interceptions and 1 sack. Wore number 25 jersey.

ARTHUR EDWIN COVINGTON                                                25 October 2018

ARTHUR EDWIN COVINGTON. Ref: 5508. Born: 21 Sep 1913 at Regina, Saskatchwn. Father: Joseph Arthur, Father

Ref: 1358. Mother: Neate, Isabella Welch, Mother Ref: 4444.  Died: 17 Mar 2001 at Ontario aged 87.  Mar: during 1945 at

Canada to Riche, Charlotte Anne 5267. His Grandfather Edwin Joseph (1744) & father emigrated to Canada in the 1880s. 

Distinguished radioastronomer with the National Research Council of Canada. His collection of memorabelia founded a

Covington Museum at Queen University, Kingston, Ontario. Traced his family back thru' the College of Arms to 1627.

Thought in 1993 telephone directory check to live at 269 Pleasant Park, Ottawa, Canada. from tel. dir. Ottawa


Wikepedia entry reads: Covington was born in Regina and grew up in Vancouver. He showed an early interest in

astronomy, and had built a 5-inch (130 mm) refractor telescope after meeting members of the local chapter of the Royal

Astronomical Society of Canada.  He was also interested in amateur radio and operated station VE3CC for a time. He

started his career as a radio operator on ships operated by the Canadian National Railways.


He put himself though school and eventually earned a bachelor's degree from the University of British Columbia in 1938,

and obtained his master's degree from the same institution in 1940 after building an electron microscope. He then moved to

 University of California in Berkeley where he received his doctoral degree in nuclear physics in 1942.  He was still at

Berkeley when he was invited to join the National Research Council (NRC) in Ottawa in 1942 as a radar technician,

working at the NRC's Radio Field Station.


Solar observations - Immediately after the war Covington became interested in radio astronomy, and built a small telescope

 out of the electronic parts from a surplus SCR-268 radar combined with parts from another receiver originally built to test

 silicon crystal radio parts for radar applications. These electronics were attached to the 4 ft (1.2 m) parabolic dish from a

Type III gun-laying radar. The system operated at a frequency of 2800 MHz, or a wavelength of 10.7 cm. Initially the

instrument was pointed in the direction of various celestial objects, including Jupiter, the Milky Way, aurora borealis, and

the Sun, but it proved too insensitive to pick up any source other than the Sun. So a solar study program was started. As

time passed, Covington and his colleagues realized that the Sun's emission at 10.7 cm wavelength was varying, which was

 unexpected. Thinking at that time was that the solar emission at centimeter wavelengths would be simply black body

emission from a ball of hot gas.


Covington became convinced that the effect was due to sunspots, as the flux appeared to vary with the number of visible

spots. The resolution of the device, about seven degrees, made it impossible to "pick out" a spot on the sun's surface for

study, making a demonstration of the claim difficult. An opportunity to directly measure this possibility presented itself on

November 23, 1946 when a partial solar eclipse passed over the Ottawa area, and Covington was able to conclusively

demonstrate that the microwave emissions dropped off precipitously when the Moon covered a particularly large sunspot.

This also demonstrated that magnetic fields were instrumental in sunspot activity.


It was entirely by accident that the original instrument operated on frequencies suitable to detection of the 10.7 cm signal,

and it had never been intended for "production" use. As the importance of the sunspot measurements became obvious,

plans were made to continue these observations over a longer time period. As the Radio Field Station was still actively

being used for radar development, and causing heavy interference as a result, a new location was selected about five miles

(8 km) away at Goth Hill. Here they measured the whole-disk flux and averaged the measurements to produce three

highly-accurate measurements a day.


He then set about designing an instrument that could directly resolve portions of the sun's disk. The new telescope

consisted of a 150 ft (46 m) long section of 3 by 1½ inch metal waveguide cut with slots in locations to create a simple

interferometer with a fan-shaped area of sensitivity. The amount of flux gathered was improved by placing the waveguide

in metal trough, and the direction of aim could be changed slightly by rotating the waveguide inside the trough, but in

general terms it was used to take measurements as the sun passed through its "beam". The new telescope started operation

 in 1951, allowing them to directly measure the flux from the Sun’s corona and the temperature of the regions above

sunspots (about 1,500,000 °C). The Goth Hill observatory also included a number of other instruments for a variety of



ARO - Increasing radar and radio use in the Ottawa area presented interference problems, and Covington turned his

attention to finding a more suitable "radio quiet" location for the program. This led to the creation of the Algonquin Radio

Observatory (ARO) in Algonquin Park, about 150 km northwest of Ottawa but relatively easy to access on major

highways. A new 6 ft (1.8 m) parabolic dish solar flux telescope was built in 1960, operating in parallel before taking over

duties from the Goth Hill instrument in 1962. In 1964 an identical instrument was installed at the Dominion Astrophysical

Observatory (DAO) in British Columbia. This was followed by a more powerful version of the waveguide instrument, this

time focused by a series of thirty-two 10 ft (3 m) dishes arranged over a 700 ft (215 m) waveguide, which opened in



The ARO was greatly expanded in 1966 with the opening of the 150 ft (46 m) deep-space telescope. This was a major

research site through the 1960s and 70s, although limitations in its design made it see less use in the 1980s. For some time

this instrument was joined by a smaller 18 m telescope originally located at the David Dunlap Observatory outside Toronto,

 operated by the University of Toronto. The original solar observatories remained in use until 1990 when funding

drawdowns at the NRC forced the closure of the entire Algonquin site. In 1991 the 1.8 m dish was moved to the DAO as

a backup instrument.


Covington's work led to other solar-related discoveries. Observations in 1969 led to the realization that certain types of

major sunspot breakouts were preceded by a particular type of radio signal, which allowed advanced prediction of

upcoming solar storms. As other teams also started studying the solar flux they noticed that the different teams all came to

 different conclusions about the total flux, due to differences in the instruments and other effects. Covington worked on an

 effort to correlate these measurements and solve a single flux number, which was published in 1972. He also played a role

 in the construction of the Indian River Observatory, an amateur built 200 m interferometer.


Retirement - Covington remained the director of the ARO until he retired in 1978. He died in 2001 in Kingston, Ontario, at

88 years old. One of the buildings at the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory was named in his honour in 2003


Riche-Covington Collection, Special Collections, Douglas Library, Queen's University. Subjects - Radio science and

technology, history of:  - The collection was started by the presentation of two books by Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Covington

in 1973. A Riche-Covington Trust was established in the same year for the collection maintenance, and the acquisition of

primary materials in the history of radio science and technology. The collection is complemented by the McNicol

Collection (see entry 235).


The collection deals specifically with the development of radio science in Canada. It includes material on radio

astrophysics, radio astronomy, solar radio astronomy, radar, and early radio astronomy. Primary source and printed

materials gathered by the donor (pamphlets , correspondence, newspapers, reports, posters, journal issues, and books) are

 included. The chronological emphasis is from World War II to the present. New titles in related subjects are purchased.

The donor continues to add personal material to the collection regularly.


1264 items (including monographs, serials, pamphlets, correspondence, newspaper items, committee reports, etc.). The

material in the Physics Library is more general and supports the Riche-Covington Collection.


The collection is uncatalogued although a separately published bibliography is available (see below). The collection is open

to the public. Winter hours are: Monday-Friday, 9:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m.; and 7:00 p.m.-10:00 p.m. Summer hours are:

Monday-Friday, 8:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m.


Riche-Covington Collection. - A catalogue of the Riche-Covington Collection in Queen's University. - Kingston, Ont.:

Queen's University, Douglas Library, 1984.


For further information contact: Vivien Taylor, Head, W.D. Jordan Special Collections & Music Library, Douglas Library


Tel:   (613) 533-6916 or 533-2839, Email:   taylorv@post.queensu.ca

BENJAMIN JESSE COVINGTON                                              25 October 2018

BENJAMIN JESSE COVINGTON. Ref: 5484. Born: during 1869 at Marlin TX. Father: Ben, Father Ref: 11342. Mother:

Georgiana, Mother Ref: 11343.  Died: 21 Jul 1961 at Houston TX aged 92.  Mar: 30 Sep 1902 at Seguin to Murphy, Jennie

 Belle 11341. Educated at Hearne Baptist Academy & Maharry Medical College, Nashville. M.D.1960. Physician, practised

medicine in Houston, Texas for 58 years, during which time he helped to re-organize the Lone Star Medical Association.


"COVINGTON, BENJAMIN JESSE (1869-1961). Benjamin Covington, a black physician in Houston, was born in 1869

near Marlin, Texas, the son of Ben and Georgiana Covington, former slaves. As a young man he worked on a farm and

attended school near Marlin. Around 1885 he entered Hearne Baptist Academy, where he supported himself as janitor and

bell ringer.


After graduating in 1892 he taught school but encountered hostility from some members of the white community who

thought his salary was too high for a Negro. Following a stint as a bookkeeper he entered Meharry Medical College in

1895. While still a student at Meharry he spent several months practicing medicine in Wharton, Texas, on a temporary

permit. Covington graduated from Meharry in 1900. After another brief stay in Wharton he moved to Yoakum, where

other doctors received him more favorably.


In 1903 Covington moved to Houston with his wife, Jennie Belle Murphy Covington,qv whom he had married in 1902.

Covington practiced general medicine in Houston for fifty-eight years. He is best known as one of the five physicians who

helped establish Houston Negro Hospital (now Riverside General 21 SepHospitalqv in 1925. His formula for the treatment

of influenza, which he considered a form of yellow fever, was very successful and was used by United States medical

officers. He was active in the push for improved public facilities and public health conditions.


He helped reorganize the Lone Star Medical, Dental, and Pharmaceutical Association,qv a professional association of black

physicians, and served as secretary-treasurer for ten years and as president in 1920. Over the course of his career

Covington took fifty-one post-graduate "refresher and modernization" courses at Prairie View, Tuskegee, Flint-Goodridge

(New Orleans), and the Mayo Clinic.


Covington belonged to the Omega fraternity, Young Men's Christian Association, Masonic lodge, and Business and

Professional Men's Club. He was also a member of Antioch Baptist Church, where he accompanied the choir on his violin.

 He also taught himself to play the piano, mandolin, and cornet.


During World War Iiqv Covington received citations from presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry Truman

commending him for his services to the Selective Service System. The Masonic lodge established a medical college

scholarship in his honor. Covington died on July 21, 1961, and was buried in Paradise Cemetery (North). He was survived

 by his wife and daughter, Ernestine Jessie Covington Dent. In 1994 a Texas historical marker was placed at the site of the

 Covington home at 2219 Dowling Street. "


BIBLIOGRAPHY: Howard H. Bell, "Benjamin Jesse Covington, M.D., 1869-1961," Journal of the National Medical

Association 55 (September 1963). Benjamin Covington Collection, Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public

Library. Albert Walter and Jessie Covington Dent Papers, Amistad Research Center, Tulane University. Martin Kaufman et

al., eds., Dictionary of American Medical Biography (2 vols., Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood, 1984). Fred Nahas, ed.,

 Houston: City of Destiny (New York: Macmillan, 1980). (John S. Gray III)

BERRILL COVINGTON                                                               25 October 2018

BERRILL COVINGTON. Ref: 1669. Born: 6 May 1848 at St Botolph,Aldergate. Father: Josiah, Father Ref: 668. Mother:

Freeman, Susannah, Mother Ref: 4295.  Died: 7 Jan 1928 at Ogden, Weber UT aged 79.  Mar: 5 Oct 1874 at Salt Lake

City UT to Newman, Maria Louisa 5982. 2nd Mar: 1 Oct 1926 at Ogden, Weber UT to Allen, Alice 6079. One of the

original Utah Mormon Pioneer Overland Travellers (1847-1868).


Christened: c 1864 at Bedford. Emigrated to U.S.A. in 1863 initially to Salt Lake City and then on to Ogden. In 1880 US

Census shown as living in 4th Ward, Ogden, Weber UT employed as a Baggageman on Railway

BOGUS BEN/BLIND BEN COVINGTON                                25 October 2018

BOGUS BEN/BLIND BEN COVINGTON. Ref: 5226. Born: around 1890 at Alabama AL. Father: not known, Father Ref:

0. Mother: not known, Mother Ref: 0. Real name could be Ben Curry. Musician, who once made a record on Paramount

called "I thought I heard the voice of a Pork Chop". Appeared in The Birmingham Jug Band who recorded both (John

Henry) & (Bill Wilson). According to The Marshall Cavendish Illustrated History of Popular Music "Humour was an

important ingredient in blues music both exposing the truth and granting consolation, as in Bogus Ben Covington's dry-

eyed comment on the comforts of religion "I heard the voice of a pork chop say "Come unto me and rest" (A History Of

Jazz In Britain 1919-50).


Recorded under the names of Blind Ben and Bogus Ben Covington, may also have used the name Ben Curry. Internet

search reveals the following recordings: c. Sep 1928 - 20863-1 Adam and Eve in the garden RST BD-2028, 20866-2 I

heard the voice of a pork chop RST BD-2028, Matchbox MSEX 2001/2002, 9 Oct 1929 - C-4630- Boodle-de-bum blues

RST BD-2028, Roots (Austria) RL 325, C-4631- It's a fight like that RST BD-2028, Roots (Austria) RL 325, 10 Oct 1929

- C-4634- It's a fight like that unreissued.


The Blues Trail reports "Bogus Ben Covington is something of a mystery in that there is very little verified information

about him. He is said to have been born in Alabama but to have worked mainly in Mississippi and Chicago. According to

Big Joe Williams he got his nickname of "Bogus Ben" because he insisted on impersonating a blind person whilst

performing on street corners and in minstrel shows. It is thought that he was a vocalist, played banjo and mandolin, and

was possibly a juggler as well! It has been suggested that his real name was Ben Curry and that he travelled with Speckled

Red and King Solomon Hill.


In 1928 he recorded "Adam and Eve and the Garden" and "I Heard the Voice of a Pork Chop" for Paramount. He recorded

again in, 1929, this time for Brunswick, "Boodle-De-Bum Blues" and "It's Tight Like That". It is possible that he recorded

for Paramount again in 1929, this time using the name "Memphis Ben". A final session recorded in 1932 for Paramount

and credited to Ben Curry is usually accepted as being by the same Bogus Ben! After this session he may have moved to

Pennsylvania and is said to have died there around 1935."

CHARLES COVINGTON                                                              25 October 2018

CHARLES COVINGTON. Ref: 14680. Born: during 1941 at Baltimore MD. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not

known, Mother Ref: 0.   Mar: 1965- 1966 at U.S.A to Becky 14681. Upon seeing a chess player at a tournament, we may

assess them based upon their chess strength. However, there are many instances where a chess novice serving as a

weekend punching bag in chess can be a world-class expert in their profession! These persons may be so esteemed in

their fields that it would be hard to believe their talents don't automatically transfer.


However, 61-year old Charles Covington, has excelled in most everything he has done. Besides being a U.S. Life Master in

 chess, he is a world-class pianist, a master magician, a 100-square checkers expert, a portrait artist, a former champion

body builder, and the earner of a black belt in Karate. NM Covington said in this 90-minute phone interview that, "Those

who know me for my music don't know I'm a chess master; those who know me for chess don't know that I'm a

musician." Well… now we know.


Humble Beginnings


Born in Baltimore, Maryland in 1941, Charles Covington learned chess at the relatively late age of 22. One day while

visiting cousin Ray Davis, he saw a group of strange artsy-looking figures arranged on a red and black board and asked

what they were. His cousin (now a Baltimore judge), told him it was a chess set and showed him the moves. Charles was

so excited that he went out and bought Irving Chernev's Winning Chess Traps.  In no time, he was beating neighborhood

rivals with ease, but his interest would not elevate for another four years.


While a senior at Douglass High School, Charles discovered that he had an uncanny ability to hear musical tones and took

an interest in music. After a brief stint in the Army Reserve, Charles had developed a reputation as a promising pianist and

played chess on the road, including an immortal game with jazz great, Dizzy Gillespie.  He was inspired by music greats

such as Earl Garner and Ahmad Jamal, but also played with the likes of Chuck Berry and Charlie Rouse. He spent a lot of

time on the road playing in various cities including "the Village" and the greater Manhattan area.  He also played on

Baltimore's  "Avenue Strip" and often socialized in the circles with Count Basie and Duke Ellington.


During his 3-year stint in New York, the talented musician would often visit the Chess and Checker Club on 42nd and

Broadway and rubbed shoulders with the likes of GM Pal Benko, GM Larry Evans, GM Bobby Fischer, GM Walter

Browne,  IM Kupchic and professional hustler, NM Asa Hoffman. In his book, Memoirs of an African American Master,

he stated, "These were my early training years and I learned much more than I could have ever learned from any number

of books."


Chess Magician


In 1969, Charles tried his hand at tournament chess and entered the Baltimore Open. He won 1st place in the "C" section

and earned his first rating of around 1500. He would play off and on for many years, but would finally gain enough

momentum to make Expert, then Master, and finally the Life Master title (300 games of over 2200 ELO). He has good

memories of sparring with the like of Ken Clayton, Frank Street, and Emory Tate. "I used to play the Polugaevsky

Variation of the Sicilian. Tate liked playing me because he liked to sac." 


In his memoirs, he has a record of his encounters with a number of players including FM William Morrison and former

World Junior Champion, IM Mark Diesen. Charles' most memorable game was a 1979 encounter against NM Sam

Greenlaw in which he played the Center Counter (1.e4 d5!?). Greenlaw appeared insulted and starting slamming the

pieces. Despite building a strong position, Greenlaw overextended and lost. The disgruntled master tipped his king and

walked away without saying a word.


Besides his magic over the board, Charles had developed a penchant for making coins disappear, and performing elaborate

magical stunts. At age 13 or 14, he developed a fascination with magic after seeing the magician "Blackstone" on the Ed

Sullivan Show.  Charles talked candidly about the origins of magic in ancient Kemet (Egypt) and mentioned that its

practitioners were burned at the stake for practicing "witchcraft." This happened until the late 1500s when Reginald Scott

demystified the craft by writing a book demonstrating the techniques.


Asked about his repertoire, Charles claimed,  "A good magician can do any kind of trick. I just use whatever is around

me." He often attended Magician Conferences where magicians would do close-up shows and highlight up-and-coming

magicians. Megastar David Copperfield was often among the attendees.


More Tricks up his Sleeve


What else can this guy do? Well… he is  an expert in 100-square checkers, a game that he says is equal or more complex

than chess. He mentions that players like Senegal's More Tricks up his Sleeve


What else can this guy do? Well… he is  an expert in 100-square checkers, a game that he says is equal or more complex

than chess. He mentions that players like Senegal's Ndiaga Samb are among today's' rising young stars. He has played in

one 1997 tournament and was paired with 6-time World Champion, Iser Kuperman in the 1st round!! In that game,

Charles held his own, but fell into time pressure and blundered. However, he would score a respectable 3½-5½ in the

tournament against master opposition. He proudly speaks on some of the African checker geniuses, but in particular,

Senegalese Baba Sy.


"While walking through the villages of Dakar, a well-known Russian Grandmaster spotted Ba Ba Sy playing checkers.

When the two played each other the Russian Grandmaster was beaten easily by Ba Ba Sy's brilliant tactics. Ba Ba Sy was

invited to France where he won first place in the Championship of France in 1959. He then won almost every major

tournament in the early sixties, defeating the so-called "greatest" players  of this century before his untimely death in

1978." (Covington, "Memoirs of an African American Master")


Charles Covington's excellence is a testament to his strong will, determination, and of course his wife of 36 years, Becky

Covington. He speaks fondly of his wife with the glee of a newlywed. Both Charles and Becky have been vegetarians for

25 years and  when observing this couple, you'll see that this lifestyle has made them appear 15-20 years younger. The

couple has two daughters (Benita, 45 and Tracey, 35) and from listening to them talk about each other, one can tell the

two are truly "soul mates." Congratulations to Charles Covington, a chess master, world-class musician, master magician,

and proud husband!!


Interview composed from a phone interview to The Chess Drum magazine: 6 March 2002


Notes from The Kennedy Center website


"Charles Covington, Jr., is a professor of music at the Peabody Conservatory in Baltimore, Maryland. The pianist has been

 the featured performer for President Carter at the White House and with George Benson on the Tonight Show with

Johnny Carson. Covington's career includes celebrity performances with the likes of Sammy Davis, Jr., Eartha Kitt, Larry

King, Henry Kissinger, Redd Foxx, and Flip Wilson. He has also been in concert with Sonny Stitt, Gene Ammons, Clark

Terry, Milt Jackson, Eddie Harris, Zoot Simms, Eddie "Cleanhead" Vincent, David "Fathead" Newman, J.J. Johnson, Kai

Winding, Herbie Hancock, Hank Jones, Dorothy Donnegan, Shirley Horn, B.B. King, and Chuck Berry.


The music director for "Jazz at Harbor Place" in Baltimore, Mr. Covington is also one of the top ten black chess players in

America and has a "Master Chess Player for Life" status granted by the Chess Federation of the United States. Additionally

 he is a professional magician and has published a manuscript for magicians that is sold in magic shops nationwide, and, as

 a professional visual artist, Mr. Covington specializes in portraits".

CHESTER ROGERS COVINGTON                                          25 October 2018

CHESTER ROGERS COVINGTON. Ref: 5145. Born: 6 Nov 1910 at Cairo IL. Father: Mark David, Father Ref: 16912.

Mother: Gilliam, Mattie Belle, Mother Ref: 16913.  Died: 11 Jun 1976 at Pembroke Park FL aged 65.  Mar: around 1934 at

U.S.A to Pugliese, Angelina 16927. Known as Chet or Chesty, he was a Major League Baseball pitcher who played for the

Philadelphia Phillies in 1944. The 33-year-old rookie, who had been The Sporting News Minor League Player of the Year

in 1943, was a native of Cairo, Illinois. Height 6ft 2ins, weight 195 lbs.


Covington is one of many ballplayers who only appeared in the major leagues during World War II. He made his major

league debut on April 23, 1944 in a doubleheader against the Boston Braves at Braves Field. His first and only major-league

win was in the first game of a doubleheader against the Braves at Shibe Park on April 30, 1944. He pitched in relief and

was the pitcher of record in a 14-inning, 2-1 victory.


For the season, part of which was spent in the minor leagues, he appeared in 19 games, all in relief, and had a 1-1 record

with 10 games finished. He allowed 20 earned runs in 38.2 innings pitched for a final ERA of 4.66.

CHRISTOPHER COVINGTON                                                   25 October 2018

CHRISTOPHER COVINGTON. Ref: 16877. Born: around 1945 at Adelaide. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not

 known, Mother Ref: 0. Chris Covington gave himself the stage name ‘Chris Kirby’ when he left school in Adelaide, South

 Australia. And, by the time of his first identity crisis, his new label had gained him enough notoriety to make reverting to

the family name a bad career move.


His comedic skills had made him a popular teenage host on a daily t.v. kid’s show. He later moved to Sydney from where

he built a solid reputation on stage and television all around the country.


In the late Sixties he was asked to perform on the famed Ed Sullivan Show in New York. Then on to England where he

appeared on Sunday Night At The London Palladium, A Blackpool Summer Season with Tommy Cooper and touring with

Ken Dodd.


In the early Seventies he continued his success in Australia touring as opening act for big names such as Tom Jones,

Shirley Bassey, Johnny Mathis, Charles Aznavour and a host of others. He worked with Hollywood song and dance man,

Donald O'Connor who invited him to the U.S. to open for him at Harrah's Club in Reno and with Tony Bennett in Lake



Chris lived in America for the next twelve years where he developed his acting and writing skills. He wrote under the

Covington by line, a way to keep his dual occupations separate. He made side trips home for concert and television

appearances. In 1974 he hosted The Chris Kirby Show a Saturday night talk show on Sydney’s Channel 9. Then back to

the U.S. and a burgeoning career – several acting roles, commercials, casino appearances, corporate presentations and his

own variety special on CBS.


Came the Eighties and Chris was invited back to Australia to appear on a Royal Variety Concert at the Opera House. On

another trip back he hosted a fifteen week comedy news series, Headlines, which he co-wrote with old friend, Larry



In the late 80’s he decided to return to Australia permanently where he pursued his writing and acting career. He had

developed a unique approach to the ventriloquism aspect of his work and he embarked on a search for a way to do

something innovative with it. Meanwhile, he co-wrote a stage play, The Total Eclipse of Toby Moon, wrote and

performed for the Corporate area, made numerous commercials for television, wrote another play, The Angel Key and

became a regular episode writer for Neighbours & E-Street. He developed a couple of sitcoms for Redlich Productions,

one of which was piloted by Channel Nine.


All this time his search for innovation continued. Something was gestating. The result is "LIPS". Now his two careers

have merged in this startling piece of tragi-comedy theatre which has delighted audiences and reviewers everywhere it has



He’s passionate about “LIPS” and says he has never enjoyed himself on stage so much in either of his lives.

CLARENCE OTTO COVINGTON                                             25 October 2018

CLARENCE OTTO COVINGTON. Ref: 5823. Born: 17 Dec 1892 at Henryville TN. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0.

Mother: not known, Mother Ref: 0.  Died: 4 Jan 1963 at Denison TX aged 71. Known as Sam. Also shown name in some

records as Clarence Calvert Covington. Sibling: William Wilkes aka Tex Covington (5820)

Baseball Player with St Louis Browns in American League in 1913 and Boston Braves in National League 1917 & 1918.

Bats: Left, Throws: Right. Height: 6'1", Weight 190 lbs. Major League Debut: 25 Aug 1913.




Year Team    Lge   POS   G   AB     R     H    2B   3B   HR   RBI   TB   BB   1BB   K   HBP   SH   SF   GDP

1913    StL     AL    1B   20   60      3     9     0     1      0      4     11    4       0     6      0       2     0      0

1917    Bos    NL    1B   17   66      8   13     2     0      1     10    18    5       0     5      1       3     0      0 

1918    Bos    NL             3     3      0      1    0     0      0       0      1    0       0     0      0       0     0      0

Totals                            40  129    11  23     2     1      1      14   30    9       0    11     1       5     0      0


BASERUNNING                                           PERCENTAGES

Year  Team   Lge    SB  CS   SB%             AVG   OBP    SLG    AB/HR    AB/K

1913   StL      AL      3     0    1.000            .150    .203    .183     -------    10.0

1917   Bos     NL      1     0    1.000            .197    .264    .273       66.0     13.2

1918   Bos     NL      0     0     ------            .333    .333    .333     --------   ------

Totals                       4     0    1.000            .178    .237    .233      129.0    11.7

Year    Team

DAMIEN COVINGTON                                                                25 October 2018

DAMIEN COVINGTON. Ref: 5433. Born: Dec 1972 at Berlin NJ. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not known,

Mother Ref: 0.  Died: 29 Nov 2002 at Lindenwold NJ aged 29. American NFL Pro Football Linebacker. HT: 5 ft 11 ins,

WT: 236 lbs. College: Overbrook, North Carolina State.  NFL Years: 3, Selected by Buffalo Bills in third round (96th pick

overall) of 1995 NFL draft. Signed by Bills (July 5, 1995).1995-1996 Games Played/Started: 9/2, Career Games

Played/Started: 21/3, Playoff Games Played/Started: 3/1. Residence: Raleigh, CA.


Damien was signed to provide depth at the linebacker position.  He has good speed and coverage skills, and plays as a

back-up linebacker.



YEAR    CLUB    G/GS   TT    UT    AT  SACKS  QB   PRSINT   PD   FF    FR

 1995    Buffalo   13/1    25    10    15        0         0         0        0      0      0

 1996    Buffalo     9/2    46    22    24        0         2         0        4      0      0

TOTALS              21/3    71    32    39        0         2         0        4      0      0

ADDITIONAL  CAREER STATS: Special Teams Tackles:.Total­20 (1996-5 UTs, 3 ATs on KO and 1 UT, 1 AT on punt;

1995-4 UTs, 5 ATs on KO and 1 AT on punt).



YEAR   GAME   G/GS  TT   UT   AT   SACKS   QB   PR.INT   PD   FF    FR

1995     MIAMI     1/0     1     1      0         0          0        0        0      0      0 

1995     @Pitts.   1/0     0     0      0         0          0        0        0      0      0 

1995     @Pitts.   1/1    12    6      6       1.0         0        0        0      0      0

 TOTALS             3/1     13    7      6       1.0         0        0        0      0      0

ADDITIONAL PLAYOFF STATS: Special Teams Tackles. , Total-1 (1 AT on KO @ Pit)


PRO: Aggressive LB who plays the game with enthusiasm and excitement. Has a knack for always being around the ball

which he displays both at LB and on special teams. Worked his way into the starting lineup  late in the '96 season. Was

Buffalo¹s 3-B selection (96th overall) in the 1995 draft.


1996: Was inactive for the first 5 games of the regular season. In his first game of the season he had a crushing tackle on

opening kickoff vs. Miami (10/13). Recorded his first defensive tackles of the season at New England. (10/27). Was

inactive for the 10th and 11th games of the year. Had a solid game at Indy (12/1) when he registered 3 TTs, 2 QB

pressures and one PD. Made a fantastic play at Seattle (12/8) when he hit RB on screen pass to break up pass and nearly

caused INT. Played his way into the starting lineup for his first start of the season at Miami (12/16) and nearly intercepted

his first pass on a tipped ball. Recorded 13 tackles in each of the season¹s last two regular season games, started his first

and appeared in his third career postseason game in Wildcard vs. Jacksonville (12/28). Recorded his first career sack on

blitz up the middle in the first quarter vs. Jaguars. Finished second on the team with 12 TTs vs. Jags.


1995: Saw reserve duty and played on special teams in his first NFL game at Denver (9/3). Was inactive for the next three

 games of the season. Recorded his first professional defensive tackle at New England (10/23). Made a ferocious hit on

kickoff coverage at Indy (11/5). Played majority of Atlanta game (11/12) at ILB for an injured Cornelius Bennett. Started

his first career game and led the team with a career-high 13 tackles vs. Houston (12/24). Saw action on special teams in

both playoff games.

COLLEGE/PERSONAL: was the mainstay of the Wolfpack defense for 3 seasons. Holds the school's all-time record with

457 tackles. All-ACC first-team pick in '94. Defensive Player of the Game after recording 6 solo hits in the Peach Bowl his

 senior season. All-ACC first-team pick after leading his team and ranking 3rd in the conference with 133 tackles. Earned

sophomore All-American 3rd team from Football News in '92 after ranking second in ACC with 149 tackles in '92. Earned

his 1st career start vs North Carolina and recorded 16 tackles in '92. Was selected as ACC Defensive Lineman of the

Week as he posted a career-high 23 tackles and retur ned an INT 27 yards for a TD in the win over Duke in 1992. Played

in 10 games as a valuable reserve in his freshman season of '91. Performed on the Wolfpack wrestling team. Member of

the '92 squad that finished 9th in the NCAA Championship. Was an All-American HM selection at Overbrook (Berlin, NJ)

High where he led his team to the Group III state title as a senior. Won NJ Wrestler of the Year honors from the

Philadelphia Inquirer, posting a 36-0 record with 29 pins in the 189-pound class. Also chosen as the Outstanding Wrestler

of the state meet, earning All-American honors. Majored in Humanities and Social Studies.


"Bills' Covington back strong after career-threatening injury" - Copyright © 1998 Associated Press


FREDONIA, N.Y. (Jul 28, 1998 - 15:40 EDT) -- When Damien Covington tore a nerve in his knee eight months ago, he

wasn't supposed to be able to walk normally again, much less play football.


Despite the fact that his name is not in the Buffalo Bills media guide or on the training-camp roster, Covington takes the

field each day with the goal of earning his starting job back.


The Bills advised Covington to retire after he injured himself in a non-contact practice drill Oct. 30. Buffalo let the 25-year-

old become a free agent in February, one month before he was to undergo surgery.


"The overall consensus was that if he had to have the operation ... it would only help him slightly and that he would have

trouble walking," Buffalo coach Wade Phillips said Tuesday. "The operation was supposed to help him be able to walk the

rest of his life, not play football. But he's proving that wrong."


Covington's rapid recovery from the surgery had a half-dozen teams interested in his services, including the defending

Super Bowl champion Denver Broncos, but the fourth-year pro decided to re-sign with the Bills last week.


"The recovery went so well and I feel like I am 100 percent now," Covington said after practicing Tuesday. "I came back

here because these guys knew me well and if I did have any holdups, they were willing to work with me."


After playing sparingly his first two seasons, Covington had a breakthrough first half of the season in 1997 and was tied

for the team lead with 97 tackles when his foot jammed into the turf and he had to be carried off the field on a stretcher.


Covington was coming off his best game -- when he had 20 solo tackles and four assists in a 23-20 overtime loss to

Denver. Just four games earlier, he had 22 tackles in a victory over Indianapolis.


With the announcement last week that Buffalo starting linebacker Chris Spielman will sit out this season to help his wife

fight breast cancer, Covington's road to reclaiming his old spot got a little easier.


"I'm not going try and replace Chris," Covington said. "I'm just going to play my type of football. It just so happens that I

play Chris Spielman-type football."


Covington will have to beat out fellow 1995 draft pick and projected starter John Holecek and rookie second-rounder Sam

Cowart. Holecek started the final eight games in Covington's place and Cowart has looked sharp early in training camp.


"Damien's looked good so far and I can't see any noticeable difference from when he was playing last year," said Phillips.

"He seems to be doing the same things in practice and I just want to get him into game situations and see if he can do the

same things he did before."


By JEFF GOODMAN, Associated Press Writer


"Ex-Bills LB Covington shot to death"


Damien Covington, a former linebacker for the Buffalo Bills, was shot to death by robbers Friday night during a party at an



Covington tried to fight off an assailant before being shot several times, Bill Shralow, a spokesman for the Camden County

 Prosecutor's Office, said Saturday.


Investigators believe the gunmen were "looking for something of value inside the apartment. They're not sure what,"

Shralow told the Courier-Post of Cherry Hill.


Covington, 29, died at the scene. He did not live at the apartment, Shralow said.


Gunmen also shot at a second person at the party, but the bullets missed. The suspects fled and police have not released



Covington, a star linebacker in the early '90s at North Carolina State, spent the 1995 and 1996 seasons with the Bills. His

career was cut short in 1997 by a knee injury.


Covington was an All South Jersey sports star at Overbrook High School. He recently returned to his home state from



"Covington remembered for hard work and talent "



Courier-Post Staff


Gary Worthington remembers Damien Covington as a person who earned everything he got through hard work. ``Nothing

was given to Damien,'' said Worthington, who graduated from Overbrook High School in 1987 and is now the wrestling

coach at Eastern.


``He worked hard and transferred it into success," Worthington said. "It's unbelievable that something like this should

happen to such a young person.''


Covington was shot and killed in a fight with armed robbers at the Coachman Manor Apartments in Lindenwold late Friday

DAN COVENTON                                                                           25 October 2018

DAN COVENTON. Ref: 7721. Born: around 1957 at U.S.A.. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not known,

Mother Ref: 0.   Mar: during 1978 at Honduras to Mary Lu 7802. We left Tulsa, Oklahoma in August of 1974 to study

Spanish at King's Way Missionary Institute, a language school in McAllen, Texas, as a response to God's call on our lives

to serve in missions in Latin America. In February 1976, we arrived in Honduras, Central America.


From the beginning, God clearly directed us that our mission was not to start new churches, but rather He was calling us

to help strengthen already established churches. We have been fulfilling that call ever since; serving first in San Pedro Sula

and then in Gualaco, Olancho.


In 1982 we began working with Amor Viviente, a growing group of churches in Honduras. For twelve years we worked

in Tegucigalpa, the capital city of Honduras, where we played an active part in the integral growth of the Tegucigalpa

congregation, not only in the main areas of our ministry, but also participating at different times in other ministries

wherever God opened a door for service (home groups, intercessory prayer, Bible teaching, counseling, etc.). We have

seen the church grow from 400 to more than 4000 believers and we have trained leaders to continue with our local work.

The church in Tegucigalpa has nearly 500 home groups throughout the city. Most new believers are added to the church

through home group evangelism; home groups being the back bone of church growth in all the Amor Viviente



In 1982 we established the first Christian Print Shop in Honduras which has grown into the Interdenominational Christian

Education Center (ICEC), providing audio, video and printed teaching materials to churches throughout the country.


During our annual week of prayer and fasting in January 1988, the Lord spoke to us about starting a Christian Radio

Station in Tegucigalpa. For the next several months we worked and prayed to make this vision a reality. In early 1989 I

left my work with the ICEC in the hands of people I had trained and moved full-time into the position of Technical

Director of our Radio station where I continued preparations for getting on-the-air.


In June 1989 we took a step of faith by purchasing our equipment and in September our radio station license received

approval. After remodeling the studios and installing the equipment, we went on-the-air December 22, 1989. Difusora

Cristiana de Radio (DCR) 940 kHz AM, is a Christian station that reaches the one million people of Tegucigalpa with the

good news of Jesus Christ.


Part of our vision was to establish stations in major cities of Honduras. In late 1992, two more stations were added: FM

103 in Tegucigalpa and 1520 AM in San Pedro Sula, the second largest city in Honduras. In February 1994 our newest

station, FM 104 signed on in the coastal city of La Ceiba. I am the Technical Director of what is now known as "Sistema

DCR", four Christian radio stations with well over two million people in our listening area. It is important to note that,

though I did all the planning and installation of these stations, the Amor Viviente churches in Honduras financed them

without outside help.

DEAN PHILIP STANHOPE COVINGTON                             25 October 2018

DEAN PHILIP STANHOPE COVINGTON. Ref: 16894. Born: 28 Nov 1912 at Moultrie GA. Father: not known, Father

Ref: 0. Mother: not known, Mother Ref: 0.  Died: during 1988 at Georgia GA aged 75. Full name Dean Philip Stanhope

Sheffield Covington. Known as Dean or Philip or Phil.


Born in Moultrie, Georgia, Dean Covington graduated from Emory University in 1934 and embarked upon the study of

law.  He practiced law for three years in Georgia before deciding to pursue teaching and graduate study in English.  After

he earned a master’s degree in English at Duke University, he taught in Florida and in Charleston, SC before becoming

associate professor of English at Wofford in 1947.


Three years later, he took on the thankless job of dean of students, and in 1953, new president Pendleton Gaines named

him dean of the college.  When President Gaines resigned abruptly in 1957, the trustees turned to Dean Covington, naming

 him acting president until they could bring Dr. Charles Marsh to campus in 1958.  As chief academic officer from 1953

to 1969, Phil Covington hired a generation of faculty members, all of whom are now retired.  He had a particular knack for

 picking professors, and most famously, hired geologist John Harrington after sitting next to him on an airplane.


Phil Covington was more than an administrator and teacher, he was a lover of tradition, skillful in the use of words, and by

 all accounts, a clever and engaging member of the community.  Though he respected tradition and later in life said he

wanted nothing about Wofford to change, he could poke fun at tradition and never took himself or his office too seriously.

  The stories of him are numerous and humorous, and according to Dr. Lewis Jones “not more than a third of them are

apocryphal.”  One of my favorites is the oft-repeated tale of how he was asked how he determined faculty salaries, and

after staring out the window for a moment, he replied that he observed the flights of birds.  Another favorite is the story

about low enrollment in one particular department – he was overheard to say, as he looked out his office window, “I

wonder what Dan Olds and his physics student are doing today.”   Most of those stories, unfortunately, were never

written down.


He created a few euphemisms that remain with us today.  “The Wofford Way” is attributed to him.  He meant it not

entirely as a compliment.  He meant it in sort of an English way of “muddling through.”  His founder’s day addresses were

 the stuff of legend.  He once gave a talk about Benjamin Wofford’s bones.  A Shakespearean scholar, naturally he chose

Mark Antony’s funeral oration in Julius Caesar as his text.  (Keep an eye out, in a few weeks I’ll post the talk on

Founder’s Day this year.)  Despite poking fun at Old Ben every now and then, he had a great respect for the college’s

founder, saying that his “very action in founding this college was a profession of faith in the eternal verities.”


At Dean Covington’s funeral in 1988, Dr. Lewis Jones quoted a 1951 Old Gold and Black story that began, “’On

November 28, 1912, the population of Moultrie, Georgia was increased, for better or worse, by one.’  We know now—it

was for better.”

DENNIS COVINGTON                                                                  25 October 2018

DENNIS COVINGTON. Ref: 5831. Born: 30 Oct 1948 at Birmingham AL. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not

known, Mother Ref: 0.   Mar: around 1990 at U.S.A. to Vicki 5814. Author. He studied fiction writing, and earned a BA

degree from the University of Virginia. He served in the US Army. He earned an MFA in the early 1970s, from the Iowa

Writers' Workshop studying under Raymond Carver. He taught English at the College of Wooster. He married his second

wife, writer Vicki Covington, in 1977. The couple returned to Birmingham the following year, and he began teaching at the

 University of Alabama at Birmingham.


In 1983, Dennis Covington went to El Salvador as a freelance journalist. In 2003, he became Professor of Creative Writing

 at Texas Tech University. In 2005, he was a judge for the National Book Awards.


Works include: Lasso the Moon (New York 1991 - Lizard, Delacorte Press), Salvation on Sand Mountain (snake handling

and redemption in Southern Appalachia) - (Reading, Mass 1995 - Addison Wesley) also Cleaving: the story of a marriage

(New York 1999 - North Point Press) co-written with wife Vicki.




The story revolves around the life of a thirteen-year-old boy named Lucius Sims from De Ridder, Louisiana. Lucius

suffers form several deformities including an Illness, which cause his eyes to be more on the sides of his head than

normal. He is sent to a state school for retarded boys because his guardian, Miss Cooley, does not know how a child with

such severe physical disabilities can function in a normal environment. While at the school, he is given the nickname

"Lizard" due to his awkward appearance. Lizard escapes the school with a couple of actors who are traveling to

Birmingham, Alabama to perform The Tempest. He joins the actors on their journey and decides to take the role of Caliban

 in the production. Through his work on the play, Lizard proves his capacity to learn, understand, perform, and empathize

with one of Shakespeare's greatest Characters. This type of amazing discovery is indicative of the energetic teenage boy

living inside a twisted body.




Lizard is a very unique play on many levels. The tie to Shakespeare, and particularly the character of Caliban in The

Tempest, is Covington's ingenious device to show us that being different is literally in the eyes of the beholder. While this

is a touching play, it is also a comic throughout and yet it deals with some very serious issues such as alcoholism, racism,

civil rights, and those magical days of yesteryear-the seventies. It is a must see for audiences young and old.




Alabama Author Dennis Covington's award -winning young adult novel, LIZARD, was adapted for production at the

Alabama Shakespeare Festival as part of the Southern Writers' Project in 1994. Last year, the ASF production of LIZARD

was selected to perform at the Olympic Arts Festival in Atlanta, Georgia. Since that time, Covington won the Barrie Stavis

Playwriting Award for Best New Play of the Year (Lizard) at the National Theatre Conference in New York City.


His latest book entitled SALVATION ON SAND MOUNTAIN was among the finalists for the prestigious National Book

Award for 1995. In addition, Covington has published another young adult novel, LASSO THE MOON, which was

published in 1995. Currently, he directs the creative writing program at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and

works as a journalist, writing about the South for the New York Times. Covington is married to novelist Vicki Covington,

and the two have plans to publish two new works in the near future. The SITP/TWU production of LIZARD will mark the

 Texas premiere of the play.


INTERVIEW WITH Brett Grainger and Rose Marie Berger


Did you ever get bored in church as a kid? Did you hide comic books or crossword puzzles in your Bible case to combat

the boredom of a stale sermon? Well, they don’t have that problem at the church Dennis Covington used to go to.


While writing his book Salvation on Sand Mountain (Viking-Penguin, 1996; see review in March-April 1996), Dennis

Covington attended a church where members of the congregation drink strychnine from mason jars and handle poisonous



In person, Covington does not come across as the sort of guy who would handle lethal objects by choice. But he’s no

stranger to danger. Covington made 12 trips to El Salvador as a journalist, often working amid intense crossfire during the

war. Now back in his hometown of Birmingham, Alabama, the soft-spoken college instructor and author is one of the

most exciting new voices in Southern writing. His prose is lyrical, compassionate, and full of the musicality that defines

Southern speech and experience.


Covington is currently busy at work on two new projects. With his wife, Vicki, he is co-writing a book describing their

well- drilling trip to Belize this summer. Dennis is also working on a new book for Viking-Penguin.


While on tour promoting Salvation on Sand Mountain (which was a finalist for the National Book Award), Covington took

time out from his hectic schedule to speak with us about writing, faith, and worship after snake-handling. Staff members

Brett Grainger and Rose Marie Berger interviewed Covington in the back room of a Washington, D.C. bookstore in April.

—The Editors


Brett Grainger: You have a wonderful ear for language. While reading Salvation on Sand Mountain, I recited much of it

aloud to a friend. I was struck that it sounded as if it had been written to be read aloud. Was this intentional on your part?

If so, do you think there is any conscious link between this style of writing and the content or theme of your story?


Dennis Covington: I think there is. I found myself writing sometimes in the cadences I heard in the snake-handling

churches. The preaching is so musical and rhythmic and poetic. I think I patterned my own style after that…and after the

language of the New Testament.


I was reading the New Testament while I was writing the book—it was the only thing I was reading. I had never read it

before. Even though I had been raised in the church, I had never just read the New Testament. It was a revelation for me.



Grainger: So you feel that reading the New Testament at the same time influenced the style of the book?


Covington: I think so. Some of the musicality of the text transferred to the book. I can’t read the Bible in other translations

 [than the King James Version] now. I’m aware of the missing element. And, of course, the handlers won’t…nothing else

is the Bible.


Grainger: In your book you write, “At the heart of the impulse to tell stories is a mystery so profound that even as I begin

to speak of it, the hairs on the back of my hand are starting to stand on end.” What, for you, is at the center of this

mystery, this deep human impulse to tell stories?


Covington: That is how the gospel came to us—in the form of a story—and I don’t know why. Why did God choose that

as the means? Stories make sense of our experience, clearly.


In that passage I was talking about the writer’s uncanny ability to see the past, present, and future at the same time. For

God that’s no problem; it all is the same, you know: The past is here and now, as is the present. Artists simply tap into

something of a spiritual nature when we write a story and, unknown to us sometimes, we’re also tapping into the past and

 the future.


Grainger: In the May-June 1996 issue of Sojourners, we focused specifically on the relationship between religious faith

and creativity. What is the connection for you between your faith and your vocation as a writer?


Covington: I’ve thought a lot about that, but I don’t know whether I can articulate my thoughts. Madeleine L’Engle has a

wonderful book called Walking on Water about this, and I am probably plagiarizing her when I say that we are called—as

artists, as writers—to do an impossible thing; we’re called to step out on the water and walk on it. This requires a

surrendering of self. It requires listening to the work. Most of all, it requires faith that the one who began this good thing

in us is going to bring it to completion.


Writers are here for a purpose—to write. When we’re not writing, we’re in trouble. When we are writing, we are fulfilling

 a higher obligation.


Grainger: I’m interested in the connection you draw between your experience as a journalist in Latin America and your

time among the snake handlers. In both situations a people historically oppressed, a people familiar with intense poverty

and suffering, rely on their religious faith as a means to transform their suffering.


Do you feel it is a common source or common well that people can tap into in these situations? It’s interesting that you

write that they started handling snakes only when they came down from the mountain, when they encountered the

dominant culture.


Covington: I’m glad you got that. A lot of people don’t understand what I was driving at there: Running smack up against

a culture that seems to have lost its sense of the sacred causes spiritual people to reach deep inside themselves and their

faith to find something that is actually of lasting and permanent value.


Way back in the hills, they don’t handle the snakes. It’s on that border; it’s when they come down. And many of the

people in the snake-handling churches are actually more “worldly,” having adapted to some of the cultural forms. They

have VCRs and cars; they like to watch themselves on television.


But there’s nothing that will keep somebody at bay any better than a rattlesnake. If you hold up a rattlesnake, you’re

ensured that you’re going to be insulated from that, whatever it is.


Grainger: How do you worship now?

EDWARD COVINGTON                                                               25 October 2018

EDWARD COVINGTON. Ref: 14421. Born: during 1973 at U.S.A. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not known,

Mother Ref: 0. Fox Tampa Reports "Arrest in Lutz triple murder", Updated: Thursday, 15 May 2008, 2:01 PM EDT,

Published : Thursday, 15 May 2008, 2:01 PM EDT


Tampa - Deputies have made an arrest in connection with a gruesome triple murder in Lutz FL


35-year-old Edward Covington is charged with three counts of first degree murder, three counts of abuse of dead human

bodies, one count of cruelty to animals, and one count of violating probation.


He is charged with the murders of Lisa Freiberg and her two children, 7-year-old Zachary and 2-year-old Heather

Savannah. Their bodies were discovered inside their mobile home on Mobile Villa Drive in Lutz on Monday.


Hillsborough Chief Deputy Jose Docobo said there was a substantial amount of physical evidence linking Covington to the

three deaths. Docobo also said Covington admitted his involvement in the murders.


'Absolutely horrific' crime scene - Investigators said the three victims were mutilated and dismembered.  Sheriff David

Gee said that at least one of the victims was decapitated. Docobo also said the crime scene was among the most horrific

scenes he and many other investigators had ever seen. "It has been very, very difficult for investigators and everyone

involved. It's absolutely horrific to have top deal with this type of crime," Docobo said.

Docobo said the murders occurred Sunday morning. Covington stayed in the house until Monday when deputies found

him hiding in the house.


The family's dog was also found dead inside the home.  The sheriff said more than one weapon was used in the murder.

Covington's arrest report showed that he tested positive for cocaine.


Victim's parents were worried - In a brief conversation with FOX 13 Wednesday, Freiberg's parents described her as "a

loving person," saying "she gave her heart; she gave her life."

Lisa's mom Barbara and dad Keith also indicated they wondered about their daughter's new boyfriend -- the man deputies

found hiding in a closet just steps away from three mutilated, dismembered, and decapitated bodies.


The Freibergs said they looked online for information about Edward Covington, digging as deep as a private investigator

would. "We did everything we could," they said.


Suspect is former prison guard - Covington is the son of an officer who worked in Florida law enforcement for more than

 ten years himself. Covington is a former prison guard.

Detectives say he choked, beat, stabbed, dismembered and mutilated Frieburg, and both of her children the morning of

Mother's Day.


Then he hid in their closet until deputies found him the following day. Detectives say he went on and on about how he did

it, but wouldn't say why he did it.


He did say he sold his motorcycle for some crack the week before, and he tested positive for cocaine the day after the

murders. His family said he was bi-polar, and a bay area doctor said he had called her to join a study on bi-polar illness. He

 had been baker-acted for mutilating his cats, but never prosecuted. Attorneys say that's not unusual. They say back then

he needed therapy more than prison. "Quite frankly the problem is more than killing cats. He didn't get help when he

needed it," said Stephen Crawford, a local defense attorney.

EDWARD THOMAS ORD COVENTON                                  25 October 2018

EDWARD THOMAS ORD COVENTON. Ref: 1699. Born: 15 Apr 1853 at Liverpool. Father: Josiah, Father Ref: 668.

Mother: Freeman, Susannah, Mother Ref: 4295.  Died: 8 Sep 1932 at Glendale CA aged 79.  Mar: 5 Oct 1875 at Ogden,

Weber UT to Tyrrell, Henrietta 6116. One of the original Utah Mormon Pioneer Overland Travellers (1847-1868).


Son of Susan Freeman Covington. The Covington family crossed the ocean by way of the ship General McClellan.,

immigration to US in 1860. Travelled to Utah with family on the Joseph S. Rawlins Company (1864). In 1870, Edward

lived in the household of his mother in Utah.


Some records show name as Edwin Thomas Covington. Buried 13 Sep 1932 at Ogden Cemetery, Weber, Utah, USA

Elizabeth Ann COVINGTON                                                        25 October 2018

Elizabeth Ann COVINGTON. Ref: 12065. Born: 27 Apr 1820 at Marlboro Co SC. Father: Thomas, John Pledger, Father

Ref: 0. Mother: Sarah, Mother Ref: 0.  Died: 7 Dec 1847 at Salt Lake City UT aged 27.  Mar: 2 Feb 1839 at Rockingham

NC to Robert Dockery 11745. One of the original Utah Mormon Pioneer Overland Travellers (1847-1868).


Pioneer Indexes, Washington County UT 1852-1870 suggests she was born in Cheshire England.


Accompanied by her husband & family she set off with Edward Hunter/Jacob Foutz Company for California (1847). 155

individuals and 59 wagons were in the company when it began its journey from the outfitting post on the Elkhorn River

about 27 miles west of Winter Quarters, Nebraska on 24 June 1847 arriving in Sacramento 1 Oct 1847. Died soon after

arriving in Sacramento CA.

Elizabeth COVINGTON                                                                 25 October 2018

Elizabeth COVINGTON. Ref: 4216. Born: 29 Oct 1793 at Bedford. Father: Hodges, Richard, Father Ref: 0. Mother: Hill,

Elizabeth, Mother Ref: 0.  Died: 13 Oct 1881 at Ogden, Weber UT aged 87.  Mar: 8 Nov 1812 at Bedford St Paul to Berrill

2505. One of the original Utah Mormon Pioneer Overland Travellers (1847-1868).


Christened 4th Jan 1794, Buried 15th Oct 1881. Travelled to Utah with family on the Abraham Owen Smoot Compoany


EMILY JANE COVINGTON                                                       25 October 2018

EMILY JANE COVINGTON. Ref: 12994. Born: 1 Jan 1843 at Summerville MS. Father: Robert Dockery, Father Ref:

11745. Mother: Thomas, Elizabeth Ann, Mother Ref: 12065.  Died: 4 Mar 1921 at Taylor UT aged 78.  Mar: 17 Oct 1858

at Washington Co UT to Farr, Winslow . One of the original Utah Mormon Pioneer Overland Travellers (1847-1868).


Biographical Sketh by Great Granddaughter Wilma Susan Harris Smith:


Emily Jane Covington, a New Year's child, was born January 1, 1843 in Summerville, Noxubee Country, Mississippi. She

was the Great Great Great Granddaughter of William Covington. William Covington and his younger brothers, John and

Thomas Covington, came from England to Maryland with Lord Baltimore in 1632. The brothers had received land grants

in Maryland and Virginia from the King of England. William and Thomas moved on and settled in North Carolina.


Emily Jane's father, Robert Dockery Covington, was born August 20, 1815 in Rockingham, Richmond country, North

Carolina. He attended school in Rockingham where he obtained a college education. Emily Jane's mother, Elizabeth

Thomas, was born April 29, 1820 in Marlborough County, South Carolina.


Robert D. Covington and Elizabeth Ann Thomas married in about 1838 or 1839. Soon after their marriage they moved

with Robert's father, Thomas B. Covington, to Summerville, Noxubee County, Mississippi.


With the help of slave labor, the Covingtons established a large successful plantation in Summerville. Here three children

were born to Robert and Elizabeth Ann. John Thomas, August 7, 1840; Emily Jane, January 1, 1843; and Sarah Ann,

February 2, 1845. Sarah Ann died the same year in 1845.


During this time period many of the Thomas family, relatives of Elizabeth Ann Thomas, had also moved to Summerville,

Noxubee County, Mississippi. Some of the Covington and Thomas families attended Gospel meetings which were

presented by Mormon missionaries. Robert D. Covington and Elizabeth Ann Covington were baptized February 3, 1843.

Robert D. Covington's father, brothers and sisters disapproved of their new religion. Robert D. Covington was eventually



In 1845, Robert D. and Elizabeth Ann Covington left Mississippi and joined the Saints in Nauvoo, Illinois. After just two

years in Nauvoo, the Covington family joined the great Mormon Westward migration. Travelling by wagon train they

headed toward the great Salt Lake Valley. They travelled in Edward Hunter's Company under the leadership of Captain

Daniel Thomas. Emily Jane was 4 years old. The wagon train endured rain, hail storms, dust storms, lack of good water

and wood to burn.


Indians often followed the group and sometimes approached their camp to beg or trade for food. On one occasion the

travelers had stopped to repair wagons near a growth of wild currant bushes. Emily Jane and her older brother John were

given an empty lard bucket and sent to pick the ripe currants. When their container was about full, several Indians reared

up from hiding with a loud war whoop. The frightened children dropped the bucket and ran for camp. When they looked

back the Indians had retrieved the currants and were laughing at their big joke. The Indians, on several occasions,

stampeded their cattle. However, the Mormon leaders tried to maintain a friendly relationships as no one wanted a hostile

confrontation with the Indian followers.


Somewhere near what is now known as Scotts Bluff, Nebraska, Elizabeth Ann gave birth to her last child, Robert

Laborious on August 1, 1847. After traversing the last of the cold, slow and rough miles through the mountains, the

Hunter Company arrived in Salt Lake Valley on September 27, 1847. Elizabeth was frail and weakened from the hardships

of the journey. She fell ill of a severe respiratory infection and died December 7, 1847.


Robert moved his family to the cottonwood settlement located just south of Salt Lake City. He became the school teacher

and was called Professor Covington by the community. He accumulated land and livestock and married twice more. His

second wife was Melinda Allison Kelly. His third wife was Nancy Roberts. In April of 1857 Robert D. and a number of

other men from the Southern States were called by President Brigham Young to travel to Southern Utah to establish a new

settlement on the Virgin River. At the age of 14, Emily Jane Covington was one of the 160 men, women and children who

were called to move 330 miles to Southern Utah to establish a new Mormon settlement.


The phrase "I was Called to Dixie" became the by-word of the hardy pioneers who journeyed and stayed to establish the

communities of Washington and St. George in Southern Utah. Like the true Dixie of the Southern United States, they

planted cotton, sugar cane, tobacco and later alfalfa, vineyards and peach trees.


Winslow Farr, Jr., resided with his father and mother, Winslow Farr, Sr. and Olive Hovey Farr on their farm in the

cottonwood settlement. Winslow, Jr. describes his journey to Cotton country:


September 27, 1858: I started with a horse team for the Cotton Country the distance of 330 miles.


After describing his 11 day journey, he continued in his diary:


October 8, 1858: I arrived at my place of destination down in cotton country on the 8th of October in good health. My

animals stood the trip first rate.


On the 17th of October 1858 at eleven o'clock a.m., I was married to Emily Jane Covington the daughter of Robert D. &

Elizabeth Covington Washington City Washington County Utah. I help to make molasses while was there from sugar cane

(Diary of Winslow Farr, Jr. 1856-1899, Page 42).


At the time of their marriage Winslow Farr Jr., was 21 and Emily Jane Covington was 15. Ten days later the newlyweds

began their journey back to Winslow's parents home in the Cottonwood settlement.


October 27, 1858: I with my wife started for G.S. Lake the distance of 330 miles arrived there on the 10th of November

in good health I am living with my father the following season I farmed my fathers place for one third of the crop he

helping what he as able and boarded (sic) us till harvest wheat crops did not do very well this year. I raised for my share

105 bushels of wheat 30 bushels of corn 20 bushels of potatoes and I do not know as this will ever be any (good?) to any

one but to my mind I do write as these things present. (Diary of Winslow Farr, Jr. 1856-1899, Page 45).


On November 9th of 1859 Winslow and his wife started by team and wagon for Southern Utah to await the birth of their

first child.


Washington County February 3, 1860 : "at 2 o'clock p.m. our first child was born Winslow Robert. (Diary of Winslow

Farr, Jr. 1856-1899, Page 45).


Winslow Farr, Jr. helped his father-in-law, Robert D. Covington, quarry sandstone and build a stone wall. In addition,

Winslow drove cattle to mountain pastures, hauled seed cotton to the gin, helped bail cotton and plant trees. He also

worked for others in exchange for cotton and molasses. On April 24, 1860, their wagons loaded with 100 bales of cotton

and 42 gallons of molasses, the young couple headed out for the return journey to the Salt Lake Valley.


Winslow's brother, Lorin Farr, the Mayor of Ogden and the Church President for Weber County, recruited and called the

young couple to help establish a new Mormon settlement in Northern Utah. By January of 1861 Winslow and Emily Jane

moved to a community known as Mendon, Cache Valley, Utah. They lived in Mendon for a season and then sold the small

farm and moved on to Paradise, Cache Valley, Utah.


Emily Jane's first home in Paradise was a single room "dugout" in the side of a hill. A fireplace, located at one end held an

iron kettle for cooking in addition to providing heat for the one large room. Their children, Emily Olive Farr, LaFayette

Thomas Farr and Lorin Freeman Farr were born in this "dugout" home. Winters were severe, often with four to five feet

of snow. Emily Jane told her grandchildren of times when young people, would sleigh ride right over the top of their



During the time when Emily Jane and Winslow lived in Paradise, Winslow Farr, Jr. was selected as Captain in the

Minutemen Militia. The Militia, organized into groups of men to work in the fields, and to provide protection from Indians

who would often raid the settlement for cattle and horses.


As was the custom, the pioneers often took time out from their work for entertainment. The Mormon families, traveling

by wagons or bobsleds, would gather from miles around. They made beds for the younger children and would dance until

the wee hours of the morning. Winslow, who had a saying "I am not a musician, I just love to fiddle around" was always

called upon to play his violin for these social occasions. After breakfast they harnesse­d their teams and headed their

wagons toward home.


In March of 1882, the U.S. Congress passed the Edmunds-Tucker Act which outlawed the practice of polygamy. By

1884, government agents were gathering evidence and issuing warrants for the arrest of many of the Mormon



In October of 1885, while Winslow was at work at the ZCMI Co-op in Ogden, the underground sent word that the U.S.

Marshals were on their way to place him under arrest. He made his escape by being nailed inside a wooden box which was

 taken away by team and wagon. Winslow was taken to the home of Simon Halverson in the Marriott settlement. Winslow

 fled with his third wife, Matilda Halverson Farr, and their children to San Juan County in Southern Utah. Later they

moved to an area near Cortez, Colorado. After two years of self-imposed exile, Winslow returned to Utah in November of

1887 to give himself up to the Federal authorities.




November 1887 : "We arrived in Ogden all safe in November after having quite a pleasant trip. But some cold weather

some 500 hundred miles of travel Br J. T. Johnson and family accompanied us on our journey. Found the rest of my

family all well at Ogden I did not come out in public but kept quiet as I wanted to arrange my business to stand my trial in

court as there was an inditment (sic) against me I then with my attorneys went up to court and gave myself up to the

marshalls they then wanted bonds Br Barnard White William H Wright were my Bondsman I was then released to go

where I pleased I then went to work for the co-op till my trial came on which was May 1888 I was then sentenced to 6

months imprisonment and $300 fine and cost of Court by Judge Henderson for keeping my Covenants with my wifes (sic)

 for unlawful cohabitations I had the privlege (sic) to obey the law and be released but I prefered (sic) Prison walls rather

then to abandon my wifes (sic) that god had given me or to go back on my children and religion In the evening myself and

 Br Lorenzo Waldron were taken by a deputy marshal to the Utah Territorial Penetentiary for the term of 6 months" (Diary

of Winslow Farr, Jr. 1856-1899, Page 72)".


Winslow stood trial in the First District Court on May 27, 1888, Docket No. 815. Emily Jane and Melvina were

subpoenaed to testify. Emily Jane was called as the States first witness. She claimed the privilege of exemption from

testifying, as she was the legal wife; therefore, she was excused. Winslow was convicted of unlawful cohabitation and

was sentenced to six months in the Utah Territorial Penitentiary with a fine of $300.00.


When Winslow was released from prison, November 24, 1888, the Ogden Third Ward, where he was a bishop, gave him

a grand reception and welcome home party.


Winslow with his wives, Melvina and Matilda, and their children left Ogden in August of 1890. They joined other Mormon

families on their journey to establish farms in Mexico. The families arrived in September at Colonia Diaz, a Mormon

settlement which had been established in 1885. The Farr's and all of the new arrivals spent the winter living in tents.


January 1891: "We all moved up to Colonia Dublan and laid out a new town bought some land of the Mexicans and got

ready to farm and put in a small crop."


Colonia Dublan is located about 150 miles south of Deming New Mexico and 170 miles from El Paso, Texas. To make the

 trip to Dublan, from Deming, and return by team and wagon required at least 8 days of hard tedious travel.


A railroad was not built until 1897 and then it was still 12 miles beyond Dublan. The railroad eventually extended through

Dublan and became a great benefit for travel and marketing the colony's farm products.


Winslow returned to Ogden in the fall of 1892 with his wife Matilda and her children. Melvina with her children remained

in Colonia Dublan. Upon arriving in Ogden Winslow rented a home for his wife Matilda and enrolled their children in

school. Dividing his time between Emily Jane's farm in West Weber and Matilda's home in Ogden, Winslow spent the

following spring and summer in Utah. Emily Jane was a charter member of the West Weber Relief Society which was

created February 17, 1893. By 1895, the relief society had raised the funds and built a granary for the storage of wheat for

 the Bishop's storehouse. The grain was used as seed crops for the farmers in time of crop failure and was also used for

donations to the needy in times of disaster.


On October 28, 1893 Winslow with his wife Matilda and their children, joined four other families in seven wagons, with

500 head of "loose stock", and headed for the long journey to Dublan Mexico. Subsequent return trips to Odgen, to visit

his family in West Weber, were easier and affordable, when his brother Lorin Farr provided a railroad pass.


January 1, 1897 : "My wife Emily's birthday is today. She is fifty-four years old."


In April of 1897 Sariah Farr, wife of Emily and Winslow's son, Lorin Farr, became suddenly ill. The doctors diagnosed

her condition as "brain fever".


April 12, 1897: "Raked all the brush from under the trees administered to my son's wife Sariah who is very sick and stayed

 a short time by her bedside".


April 13,14,15,16 "waited on the sick did not have my clothes of(f) for 3 days and nights. My son Lorin sent for Doctor

Rich He pronounced it brain fever".


April 19, 1897 : "My daughter-in-law is about the same, not much change. We all gathered around the bedside and prayed

for her. She seemed a little better."


April 20, 1897 : "Quite stormy and windy. My daughter-in-law not so well, delirious and out of her mind. Sent for Dr.

Rich and he brought another man with him to consult. I sat up with her tonight."


April 21, 1897 : "Sariah no better. Fever not quite so high. I sat up with her. The day is stormy and cold."


April 22, 1897 : "My son's wife Sariah died at 5:00 a.m. with brain fever after an illness of two weeks. She leaves a

husband and four small children. She was born June 1, 1870 in West Weber, Utah. We went over to Ogden and got a

coffin and material to dress her. We returned at 2:00 p.m." (Diary Winslow Farr, Jr. 1897, Page 187).


When Sariah Farr died on April 22, 1897 at the age of 27, she left four small children, Charles Buck, age 8, Emily Evelyn,

age 7, Lorin Winslow, age 3 and Nephi Horace, age 2.


Emily Jane's own children were now adults. Starting over with a new family, Emily Jane took her four grandchildren into

her home. These grandchildren lived with Emily Jane and their father Lorin until they were grown.


Emily Evelyn Farr Mower, age 90 in 1980, was asked in an interview to describe her grandmother, Emily Jane. She stated,

 "Oh she was gentle, kind, a wonderful mother. She would sometimes scold us, but she never ever laid a hand on us. She

would say to people, I never whip any of these children. I'd hate to meet their mother, up there, and have her say, you

spanked my children, you didn't take good care of my children."


In 1897 Winslow was called by the First Presidency of the Church to move permanently to Mexico.


December 20, 1897 : "received a letter from the first Presidency for me to Locate permanently in Mexico quite a

Disappointment to some of the family but the Lords will be done" (Diary of Winslow Farr, Jr. 1897, Page 206)".


Before he left for Mexico he deeded his interest in the homestead to Emily Jane. In 1899, Emily Jane divided the farm into

parcels and deeded the property to her four sons, Lafayette, Lorin, Barnard and Aldebert.


On January 10, 1899 Winslow married his fourth wife, Sarah Mitchell Graham in Colonia Dublan, Mexico. In December

of 1902, Winslow, his wife Melvina and their two youngest sons, Wilford and Ashael, traveled by train to visit the families

in Ogden arriving on December 6, and spent the night with his daughter Emily Halverson and family.


December 7, 1902 "Visited my Tilly and children Had dinner with them visited my brother Aaron and Lorins families staid

all night at Emilys."


December 8, 1902 "Got a horse and buggy and took my wife Melvina and two little boys over to West Weber to the rest

of the family found all well and glad to see us wrote some letters to my folks in Mexico in the eve My children Laffy and

family came and had supper with us and spent the evening with us We had a very enjoyable time."


Melvina and her sons stayed often with Emily Jane and her family in West Weber during the time she was in Utah. Emily

Jane lived on the farm in West Weber, Matilda lived in her home in Ogden and Sarah lived in her home in Salt Lake City as

well as Dublan, Mexico.


Sarah, known as Dr. Sarah Farr, was often called upon as a lay midwife. Sarah gave lectures about the human anatomy

and using her own formula, bottled and sold a product known as Dr. Farr's Canker medicine. Evelyn Farr Mower

(Granddaughter of Emily Jane) reminisced in a 1980 interview, "Grandfather gave grandma Emily some of aunt Sarah's

medicine and it was really gooooood tooo!"


In the spring of 1903 Winslow Jr. records in his diaries, time spent with each of his four wives. Winlsow spent more time

 with Sarah in Salt Lake City. After returning to Ogden, from an extended stay with Sarah, he records in his diary:


March 20, 1903 "Took horse and buggy and took my wife Melvina and two little boys to Ogden had dinner with my

daughter Emily took my wife and boys up to Hyrum and Gooddall Her cousin on her way to Ogden valley to visit her

sister Marintha called and see my wife Tilly and talked with her She said that she desired not live with me as wife but did

not get a d(i)vorce I tried to reason with her but it was no use Bp (bishop) counselor P Anderson talked with her but all to

no purpose She had made up her mind to separate (sic) It seems hard to pull away after rasing (sic) a family together of

six children it was against my wishes (to) separate she said I could come and see the children whenever I wanted so we

quit on speaking terms I then returned to West Weber."


On April 9, 1903 Winslow attended a Farr family reunion at the Ogden 3rd Ward.


April 9, 1903 "Took train for Ogden met my son Barney and came over to west Weber to my home and got ready with my

 folks and went over to Ogden and attended the Farr reunion that was held in 3rd ward meeting house and asemby (sic)

hall. Arrived about 6 to late for the opening program just in time for supper table were spread and supper was ready a large

 company sat down to supper I was called on to ask a blessing on the food after supper went over to the hall where there

was songs and music and speaches (sic) I played 3 tunes on the violin made a short speech (sic) there was present 260 of

 the farr descendant and 15 of my own family were present we had a very enjoyable time long to be rememberd (sic)

dismissed about 12 pm and I returned to west Weber with my family".


On April 24, 1903 Winslow, Emily Jane, Barnard and Susan Farr, traveled by horse and buggy to Ogden to say goodbye to

 Melvina as she and her two youngest sons boarded the train for the return trip to Mexico.


In November of 1903 Melvina was hospitalized in El Paso, Texas for an attack of appendici­tis. An operation came too late

 and she passed away on November 6, 1903. She was buried in Colonia Dublan, Mexico.


November 7, 1903 : "Came to Ogden & heard the sad death of my wife Melvina she was at the Hospital at El Paso Texas

where she underwent an operation for apendisitis (sic) & died with blood poison she leaves a loving husband and 11

children to mourn her loss she was a noble woman she was burried (sic) in Dublan Mexico Myself and son Joseph and

wife and two little children took train for Mexico the folks at the farm came to see us off all feeling very sad."


His wife Sarah, accompanied by Winslow's brother Lorin, joined them in Dublan in December 1903. Winslow remained in

Mexico until July of 1906. In June, a family gathering, including 11 of Melvina's children and 18 of their grandchildren,

held a farewell supper for him in the old family home before his final return trip to Utah, Saturday June 30, 1906.


July 2, 1906 : "Never sleep on the train. Sleeping berth is too short. Came from Sacramento to Ogden. Landed at West

Weber at 9:00 p.m. in the evening. Walked up to the home and was very tired. Found all well" (Diary of Winslow Farr, Jr.

1906, Page not numbered".


With the exception of occasional brief visits to the West Weber farm, Winslow lived most of the time between 1906 and

1913 with his fourth wife, Sarah, in Salt Lake City. Winslow, Sarah and his brother Lorin spent many hours working in

the Salt Lake Temple.


December 25, 1907 Wednesday : "Christmas. Eat dinner at my wife Sarah my wife Emily was with us had a roasted duck

received a Christmas gift and some letters from my children in Mexico."


December 26, 1907 Thursday : "My wife Emily went home to West Weber Sarah went to the train roads very muddy"

(Diary of Winslow Farr, Jr. 1907, Page not numbered).

FREDERICK ERNEST COVINGTON                                      25 October 2018

FREDERICK ERNEST COVINGTON. Ref: 343. Born: 29 Oct 1912 at Thames Ditton. Father: Frederick, Father Ref: 334.

 Mother: Moore, Vivian B, Mother Ref: 4438.  Died: 3 Jul 1995 at Poole aged 82.  Mar: Oct-Dec 1939 at Marylebone to

Swithenbank, Sally D F 4606. 2nd Mar: April 1947 at Switzerland to name not known . 3rd Mar: 31 Aug 1951 at South

Africa to Clarke, Cicely May 5042. Related to Harry Alfred Covington (see entry 458), uncle & Cyril Tim Covington,

cousin (see entry 197). Educated at Rockport, Craigavad, Co.Down, N.Ireland. Harrow & Cambridge. Appears on lists of

emigration by boat travelling from Liverpool to Canary Islands in 1922, Liverpool to Cape in South Africa in 1924,

Avonmouth to Kingston in Jamaica in 1931 & from  Southampton to the Port Elizabeth, Algoa Bay (1950) & Cape (1952)

in South Africa.


Was captain of cricket at both Rockport and Harrow, also played a few games for Cambridge, where he was captain of

Eton Fives in 1935. In 1936, he played First Class Cricket for Middlesex County Cricket Club, as an amateur in six first-

class matches including 83 on his debut against Warwickshire at Lord's, the highest score of the match. And had a batting

performance of 9 Inns, 2 not outs, 142 Runs, Average 20.29.


A left hand batsman & slow left arm authodox occasional bowler, he played at the same time as Allen, Hendren, Compton,

 Hulme, Human, Robins, Gray, Sims, Peebles, Smith, Hart, Webster, Tindall & Butterworth. In 1937-38 toured Argentina

with Brinkman's Team.


Also played a lot of squash. In 1924 started ski-ing in Switzerland


Joined Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve in June 1941 as Ordinary Seaman (H.M.S. Ganges) shore-station. Oct 1941 H.M.S.

 Cumberland (cruiser) in Chatham and went to Scapa Flow, Iceland and Murmansk. Left March 1942 for officer's course.

 Became Sub Lieut. And joined Tank Landing Craft L.C.T. 324 as 1st Lieut. At Beaulieu River, Hants in July 1942, became

 C.O. five weeks later. Made Lieutenant in October 1942. Transferred with whole crew to Scapa Flow to take on L.C.T.

359, Dec 1942. Left for Troon, March 1943 to take over L.C.T. 421; thence to Appledore, Devon, en route for the

Mediterranean, based in Malta. Landings incl. Sicily (Augusta), Reggio di Calabria, Vibo Valencia, Salerno, Anzio, Elba,

S.France (St Raphael). Then sailed to the Adriatic, based on Bari & Ancona. Mostly ferried Tito Partisans in Yugoslavia up

 the coast, north of Zadar (Zara). Landed on Island of Rab in April 1945 and spent the Summer of 1945 sailing between

Ancona, Venice and Trieste. Left Mediterranean in Sept 1945 to become Sea Transport Officer at Southampton, until

demobbed in March 1946 having reached rank of Lieutenant/Captain Tank Landing Craft. Awarded 1939-45 Star, Italy

Star, War Medal 1939-45 and twice mentioned in despatches.


After leaving Cambridge he joined the stockbroker firm of his cousin, Cyril Tim Covington, Coni & Covington, 10

Throgmorton St., London E.C. until he left them in 1937. He then became a director of H. Covington & Sons, Lightermen

& Wharfingers, Cremorne Wharf, Chelsea.


The business was eventually sold to Redlands in 1957. His first wife was Swiss, she died 7/11/1949. He married again in

South Africa, where they lived until 1959. His hobbies include walking, gardening and ornithology. He has also travelled

extensively, visiting nearly all European countries, Central America, West Indies, South America, Japan, Hong Kong,

Thailand and Malaysia.


In 1990, he made his 38th trip to Switzerland. After WW2 he lived for 11 years in Cape Province, South Africa where he

owned the Regal Cinema, Knysna, before returning to Devon in 1959. Has since lived 5 years in Tenerife, 7 years in

Guernsey, 7 years in Ringwood, Hants and in 1985 moved to his present address. In 1990, 3 Carlton Gate, Balcombe

Road, Poole, Dorset BH13 6DX. He writes; "You may be interested to know that I have a copy of the American

Covingtons written by William Slaughter Covington and printed in 1941.


He came to London in WW2 and met my cousin to whom he gave 2 or 3 copies, mine being no.187. He wrote a very

detailed account, including the original English names and different spellings etc. I was particularly interested as I was the

only Englishman then living, who was mentioned in his book, as being well known as a cricketer at the time of writing,

although he did not actually know my initials"  (Wisdens Cricket Almanac) (History of Middlesex County Cricket)

(Personal correspondence February 1990)

GAVIN RICHARD COVINGTON                                              25 October 2018

GAVIN RICHARD COVINGTON. Ref: 1559. Born: 22 Aug 1968 at Dunstable. Father: Alfred Henry, Father Ref: 1109.

Mother: Williams, Janice Winifred, Mother Ref: 4769. Born at 14 Tarnside Close, Dunstable, Beds. In 2001 living at 30

Mardale avenue, Dunstable, Beds LU6 3PA and is employed as an engineer. Semi-professional footballer with Wycombe

Wanderers in Vauxhall Conference League 1991-92. Regular position, left back. As at December 92 had played 7 first

team games. Career details from then on not known, by early 1995 he was playing for Hitchin in the Diadora Premier

League. Covington scored after 29 minutes of Hitchin's 3-2 victory against Purfleet on 14th January 1995.


By early 1998 he was with Bedford Town.


Report of game Ryman League Division Two - Saturday 31st January 1998 - Bedford Town 2 Tooting & Mitcham 0


Manager Jimmy Bolton gave a debut to new signing Chris Dixon and Mark Quemina and Barry Ferdinand returned to the

line up. Ferdinand nearly surprised home keeper Heeps with a long range shot in the first minute, and then a free kick from

 Dave Cooper was deflected over his own bar by Dave Taylor. Jason Reed also had a couple of efforts for the home side

but he was well off target, and it was Tooting who created the best early chance when Andy Norman found Ferdinand

with some space in the area, but Ferdy skied his shot over the bar.


The home side forced several corners after twenty minutes, but the Tooting defence cleared without trouble, with Gary

Whelan looking commanding in the centre of defence. Play then became scrappy and there was a rash of niggling fouls

and bookings. During this period Matthias and Gleeson tried their luck with some long range shots but they never looked

like troubling Heeps.


With defences so much on top it looked certain that the first half would end goalless, but the home side fashioned a goal

out of nothing on 43 minutes. Full back Gavin Covington got past Tony Matthias wide on the left and was allowed to run

into the area where he crossed for Danny Nicholls to head home from the edge of the six yard box. Bedford then nearly

increased their lead when Paul Daniels headed across goal and Jason Slack just failed to get a touch on the ball.


Tooting had a scare just after half time when Slack wriggled through the defence and poked the ball into the side netting.

On 53 minutes Andy Norman laid a ball back to Steve Shaw on the edge of the area, but he slightly miss-hit his shot and it

bobbled a few yards wide.


With Tooting making little impression on the solid Bedford defence, Jimmy Bolton made a double substitution on 60

minutes, bringing himself and Conrad Kane on, and changing to a 4-4-2 formation. It nearly bore fruit immediately when

Ferdinand got clear on the right hand side of the area, but with several players unmarked he made a mess of his cross.


The home side increased their lead on 66 minutes when a long ball over the top of the Tooting defence found Paul

Sherlock in space, and he lobbed Haakan Jensgard as he came off his line, and after this Tooting never threatened to get

back on terms.


Chris Dixon gave way to Barry Langford on 81 minutes, and in fact Dixon's performance was one of the few bright spots

of the afternoon as he showed some neat touches throughout. In the last few minutes, Jimmy Bolton had a couple of wild

shots and in the closing seconds Tooting were denied a consolation goal when Barry Ferdinand was fouled by Ian Grove

when through, and as Grove was the last defender he was sent off. The free kick on the edge of the area hit the Bedford

wall, and that was it. Definitely a game to forget.


Tooting & Mitcham Line-up: Jensgard, Whelan, Gleeson, Taylor, Matthias, Fowler, Quemina, Shaw, Dixon, Ferdinand,

Norman. Subs : Bolton (Shaw 60), Kane (Taylor 60), Langford (Dixon 81)


Bedford Town: Heeps, Grove, Covington (G), Branch, Covington (P), Cooper, Sherlock, Nicholls, Reed, Slack, Daniels,

Subs: Thompson, Wilkinson, Tubbs.



GEORGE COVINGTON                                                                25 October 2018

GEORGE COVINGTON. Ref: 12450. Born: around 1865 at U.S.A.. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not known,

 Mother Ref: 0. Jockey - won the Kentucky Derby riding MacBeth II on 14th May 1888.

GLORIA COVINGTON                                                                 25 October 2018

GLORIA COVINGTON. Ref: 14486. Born: around 1955 at U.S.A. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not known,

Mother Ref: 0. US singer who appeared in a Musical in 1979 at The Minskoff Theatre, New York entitled Got Tu Go

Disco in which she was part of the singing ensemble. She later recorded album Moving On in 1980 on Casablanca



"80s groove material cut by Gloria Covington with kind of a sweet up-tempo modern soul style. 10 beats faster and this

stuff might be disco, but most of the tunes are done more in a two-step style that lets Gloria's vocals come up to the front

of the mix. We're not exactly sure that this is a good thing, though -- as her singing style kind of leaves us cold. Titles

include "How Can You", "Mountain Top", "All I Need", "Moving On", and "Time". (Cover has a promo stamp on back.)"

GROVER COVINGTON                                                                25 October 2018

GROVER COVINGTON. Ref: 6654. Born: 25 Mar 1956 at Monroe NC. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not

known, Mother Ref: 0. He was a Canadian Football League defensive end for the Hamilton Tigercats. He often led the

league in quarterback sacks and was a division All-Star seven times. He won the Schenley Award for Most Outstanding

Defensive Player once and also lead the Tigercats to a Grey Cup victory in 1986. He finished his career with 157 sacks, a

CFL record.


He was inducted into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 2000 and in November, 2006, was voted one of the CFL's Top

 50 players (#28) of the league's modern era by Canadian sports network TSN. He was inducted along with former

teammate Chet Grimsley in 1995 into the Johnson C Smith University Sports Hall Of Fame a member of the C.I.A.A in

Charlotte North Carolina.


He currently lives in Surrey, British Columbia and owns a Floor Depot franchise in Abbotsford, British Columbia


Extract from Tiger Cats Website Oct 22 2004 -

Grover Covington, a native of Monroe, North Carolina, attended Johnson C. Smith University, then, was a free agent

signing by the Alouettes in May of 1981. In a pre-season trade, he went to Hamilton later that year.


“I knew about the tradition of defence and the term, steel-tough, so it was a lot different than Montreal,” he recalled. “I fell

 in love with the city. The people welcomed me with open arms, accepted me like one of their sons. I have so many

friends in Hamilton and that will never change.”


In the mid 1980’s their names sounded like a law firm: Covington, Walker, Skillman, Price. The Hamilton front four was

ferocious, and was one big reason why the Tiger-Cats went to the Grey Cup three consecutive years. After a loss to

Winnipeg in 1984, and BC in 1985, Covington echoed what all of his teammates have said: the third time, they weren’t

going to be denied.


“In 1984, it seemed we were happy just to get to the Grey Cup,” the gentle giant said. “In 1985, we were upset because

we wanted the ring and you never knew when you’d be going back. In 1986, that team was so focused, it was like we

were in another world, and that showed in the play of our defence, especially. We totally dominated Edmonton and I will

never forget that game, or my teammates. I love them to death just because that was the first time I ever won a

championship at any level.”


Covington still holds the CFL record for most career regular season sacks, 157. Those numbers were so impressive, that

he was elected into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame on February 22, 2000. On October 15 of this year, his name was

added to the Wall of Honour at Ivor Wynne Stadium.


“Not in my wildest dreams did I ever think this would happen” Covington admitted.


“When I first came to the CFL, I just wanted to make the team. From not playing football till Grade 11, to the Hall of

Fame, and now, seeing my name on the Wall of Honour, I’m overwhelmed.”


Football is perhaps the ultimate team game, and that’s something the eleven-year Tiger-Cat wanted to emphasize.


“You don’t get to this point by yourself. It’s other people that helped you, from high school coaches to my position coach

for most of my stay in Hamilton, Ted Schmitz. They all instilled the values of working hard.”


These days, Covington and his family live in Vancouver, where he keeps busy, working and coaching football. But, there’s

 one more part to his post-season career that he would like to pursue.


Additional info -

He attended Johnson C. Smith University in Charlotte, North Carolina.


He began his CFL career in 1981 with the Montreal Alouettes. A pre-season trade during saw him moved to the Hamilton

Tiger-Cats. His 11 seasons with the Tiger-Cats was filled with many highlights including being named the CFL sack leader

 in 1988 with 25. Covington is still the CFL\'s all-time quarterback sack leader with 157 sacks to his credit.


Throughout his eleven year career, Covington won many deserving awards and honours. He was a seven time East

Division All-Star and received All-Canadian honours on four occasions. In 1988 he won the Schenley Award as the Most

Outstanding Defensive Player in the CFL. He played in four Grey Cups during his Tiger-Cat career, winning the “Big One”

 in 1986.


He was always a player that gave back to the community at every chance he could. In 1985, Covington was the first

winner of the Charlotte Simmons Humanitarian Award (Tiger-Cat who contributed the most to the community). Both on

and off the field, Covington devoted his life in Hamilton to football and the community. He was inducted into the Canadian

Football Hall of Fame as a player in 2000.

GYLES FREEMAN COVINGTON                                             25 October 2018

GYLES FREEMAN COVINGTON. Ref: 2736. Born: 1767- 1768 at Abingdon. Father: Roger, Father Ref: 3267. Mother:

King, Elizabeth, Mother Ref: 4134.  Died: 7 Mar 1791 at Oxford Castle aged 23.  Mar: 5 Feb 1789 at Abingdon to Gilkes,

Ann 4166. Also shown as Giles. Christened 12 April 1767 at St Helen's Church, Abingdon. Sailor. Spelling of name shown

 as Giles Covington on marriage records. Hung on 7 March 1791 at Oxford Castle for murder.


"The murder victim, a Scottish pedlar named David Charteris, was on his way home to Toot Baldon from the Michaelmas

Hiring Fair at Abingdon on the night of the 8 October 1787, when a bunch of thugs set about him with a hedge stake as he

 was climbing over a stile near Nuneham Wood. Later that week some chums from Toot Baldon discovered his body

sitting upright in a ditch and when they pulled off his hat and wig they uncovered the grisly evidence of several hefty

blows. Despite a reward of 70 guineas (more than most people earned in a year in those days!), nothing was heard of the

crime for another three years.


Then Richard Kilby was caught and flogged at Reading for deserting from the Berkshire Militia. the whip seems to have

loosened his tongue and he offered to turn King's Evidence and confessed to his part in the Charteris crime in return for a

Royal Pardon. According to him. it was Charles Evans Shury who suggested robbing David Charteris to himself, John

Castle and Giles Covington. Shury struck the first blow, then Covington joined in and helped finish the poor pedlar off.

After they returned to Abindgon, they went to Shury's house and he gave them 10 guineas in gold and silver each, saying:

"Now, my boys, let us be true to each other"


On 16 July 1790, Shury and Castle were tried at the Midsummer Assizes in Oxford for the pedlar's murder. A Thames

bargeman called Bossom said Castle "had some time ago confessed to him that he had no rest, night or day, from the

horror of having been concerned in the murder of the Scotchman". The report of the trial in Jackson's Oxford Journal is

rather confusing, and the only evidence concerning Shury, apart from Kilby's confession, implied he thought Kilby was

out to "do" him by blaming him for the crime. However the jury had no hesitation in finding both men guilty and the judge,

after a stern lecture, directed them to be executed and their bodies to be delivered to the surgeons, to be dissected and



Meanwhile Giles Covington was at sea. As soon as his ship docked in London at the beginning of 1791, two Bow Street

runners brought him to Oxford and on 4 March he also stood trial for the pedlar's murder. Clearly he felt the same way

about Kilby as Shury. It was reported that his behaviour was so audacious during the trial whilst Kilby was giving

evidence, that he made a sudden spring towards him and attempted a blow at his head.  The jury found him guilty on the

same evidence as the other two and on 7 March 1791, "a prodigiuous multitude of spectators" watched his execution from

 the tower at the entrance to Oxford Castle, now part of Oxford Prison. He mounted the scaffold dressed in his sailor's

jacket and trousers with white gloves and a white hatband and before motioning the hangman to proceed, tossed down a

paper. It was a semi-literate letter addressed to local magistrate Christopher Willoughby. "I hope you and your family will

live to find that Giles Freeman Covington died innocent and then I hope you would relieve the widow that is left behind if

Bedlam is not to be her doom"


His body was cut down and delivered to the University Reader in Anatomy, Dr Pegge. The following day he carved it up at

 a public lecture in the Anatomy School at Christ Church College. He then decided that Giles Covington would make a

useful teaching aid. His bones were wired together and his skeleton eventually found its way to the University Museum in

Parks Road in 1860. It stood in a glass case for more than 100 years, labelled simply Englishman, before being relegated to

 the Bone Room. It may have stayed there had not a member of staff spotted the inscription Giles Covington on the lower

jaw and passed it on to the Museum of Oxford, where it is on display today, along with Kilby's confession and the letter

Giles Covington tossed down from the gallows.


A detailed dossier on his case has been compiled by Miss Evelyn Wallace, an attendant at the Museum of Oxford, and on

Thursday 7 March 1991 (the 200th anniversary of his execution) a petition was launched in an attempt to get the Queen to

 grant a royal pardon. Signatures will be sent to the Royal Prerogative of Mercy Division at the Home Office. A spokesman

 for the Home Office has said "Normally cases like this involve people who are still alive and in prison. But the rules are

still the same. Miss Wallace will have to produce new evidence to show the original conviction was unsafe" (I.G.I

London/Berkshire) (Letter from Miss Evelyn Wallace, March 1991)(Press cuttings of articles by A.J.McIlroy, Daily

Telegraph & Don Chapman, Oxford).


A further article appeared in nthe Daily Telegraph on 16 Jul 2001 citing the efforts of the Oxford Museum's curator, John

Lange, to secure a full Christian burial for Giles. "He has already secured the agreement in principle of Wolvercote

Cemetery in Oxford to bury Giles, but also hopes to clear Giles' name by Royal Pardon"


For more info on Gyles Freeman Covington and the case the following book is highly recommended "The Abingdon

Waterturnpike Murder" by Mark Davies published by Oxford Towpath Press 2003.

HAROLD ARMSTEAD COVINGTON                                      25 October 2018

HAROLD ARMSTEAD COVINGTON. Ref: 5528. Born: 14 Sep 1953 at Burlington NC. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0.

Mother: not known, Mother Ref: 0. Probably the most disliked member of the Covington dynasty, Harold Armstead

Covington holds some very strong anti-semetic, anti-black views which he regular shares with the world.


Party leader of the neo-nazi Nationalist Socialist Party in U.S.A. On 31 March 1981 a John Warnock Hinckley, b.1956,

shot U.S. President Ronald Reagan. Hinckley had been a member of the Nationalist Socialist Party between 1978 and 1979

when he had been expelled. Harold Covington said of him - " He felt we were not sufficiently militant for him. He wanted

us to go out and commit unlawful acts. We sort of carried on a debate on it. He struck me as a sincere person who felt

something had to be done. He was expelled because his ideas were too extreme and violent."  (The Times 1/4/1981, Page

7, Col g)


A website exists offering information on the National Socialist White Peoples Party and its Leader. The following gives a

further radical view on Harold and his activity:


This page is dedicated to exposing one of the most destructive government agents working in our midst: Harold

Covington. It is important that you become informed about people like Weird Harold because as our movement grows

there will be more people like him, sent to demoralize and destroy us. I hope that this page helps to give you the

information you need to protect yourself and others from jewish or government sponsored subversion. The NSWPP is not

 the organization of George Lincoln Rockwell. The name has been stolen and mis-used by a known BATF informant

named Harold Covington. Harold is a fat, Jewish looking man who's nickname "the Rabbi" comes from his very jewish,

very rabbinical appearance. Weird Harold has made a career of spreading lies and filth throughout the White Nationalist

movement. One of his pen names, Winston Smith, is taken from George Orwell's novel 1984 and refers to the government

 agent in "1984" who was employed by Big Brother to write and spread lies for the "Ministry of Truth." You need to be



The following is an excerpt from Vol.13, #1 (the Jan/Mar '95) issue of the National Socialist Vanguard - A Quarterly

Overview of the NS Vanguard:


For a number of years now, our associates have questioned Harold Covington's sincerity in the Movement versus his

psychiatric status after reading his allegations against other people and groups. Any investigation into this area would be

merely academic. The important thing to understand is that Harold Covington, for whatever reason, is neither a reliable

source of information nor competent to critique the Movement. (Rick Cooper, Editor, NSV Quarterly - POB 328, The

Dalles).  Web Author: John Hammer. Copyright & copy;1997 by NSWPP.COM - ALL RIGHTS RESERVED


The following information was sent out by WAR (White Aryan Resistance) - Weird Harold Armstead Covington [born

September 14, 1953, in Burlington, North Carolina - Social Security number (ss#   ), deleted out of respect for the

Constitution and not the jerk harold who is trying to destroy it--M)] is currently the greatest embarrassment the White

Racialist Movement has. Weird Harold has recently started the National Socialist White People's Party. [As most of you

may know, this was the name of the organization founded by George Lincoln Rockwell.] However, before anyone rushes

to join this "reincarnation" of Commander Rockwell's party, they should know something about Weird Harold.


The nickname "Weird Harold" was given to him by the people that knew him when he was with the Nationalist Socialist

Party of America. This was the group started by the homosexual pedophile Jew, Frank Collin [Cohn]. Collin was arrested

by detectives from Chicago's Youth Division for taking indecent liberties with adolescent boys. Subsequently, when Weird

 Harold took over the "leadership" of this organization it quickly collapsed since most people quit in disgust because of his


and stupidity.


Weird Harold is basically a coward that will run at the first sign of trouble. In the book Nazis, Communists, Klansmen, and

 others on the Fringe by John George and Laird Wilcox they write: "In 1980 Harold Covington assumed the leadership of

the NSPA. It was a banner year for him in other respects as well." "His streak of successes was short-lived, however.

Events during the trials of Klansmen and NSPA members led some of his followers to suspect that he was an undercover

informant. Faced with internal revolt and what he later called "harassment and threats by the ATF, Covington announced

he was going underground. In March 1981 he appointed St. Louis NSPA leader Michael Allen, twenty-nine, as his

successor and disappeared shortly thereafter. He wound up on the Isle of Mann, living there for several years before

returning to the United States." "Allen, it turns out, was a bona fide ATF informant."


 In the book Code Name Greenkil: The 1979 Greeneboro Killings by Elizabeth Wheaton, she writes: "Allen supplied the

ATF with Nazi membership lists, organization rules and structure, and "eyes only" memos to the party leaders from

Covington." Michael Allen's ATF [Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms] Confidential Informer number is CI-203.


In North Carolina, Weird Harold gave information to Federal Agents that helped set-up and imprison Frank Lee Braswell.

In an Associated Press article in the June 25, 1981, Raleigh, North Carolina The News and Observer stated: "Covington

named in Nazi trial ASHEVILLE (AP) - Federal investigators said this week that they uncovered an alleged plot to set off

bombs in Greenaboro after a Nazi leader told an undercover agent that a member of his group was a "gunfighter for the

party, that he had killed several policemen. " In U.S. District Court Monday, Michael Sweat, an agent for the federal

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, testified that he received the information from Harold Covington of Raleigh, the

 head of the National Socialist Party. Sweat testified during a pretrial hearing for six Nazis accused in the alleged plot. The

undercover agent said Covington identified Frank Braswell, one of those accused in the alleged scheme, as the alleged



According to court records from the District Court of the United States for the Western District of North Carolina,

Asheville Division, Criminal Action Case Number A-CR-81-11, when Federal Agent Sweat was asked "that Harold

Covington was where you received your information to start a criminal investigation on me [Braswell]. Am I Correct?"

Agent Sweat answered "That's Correct." Also, when asked "As a result of your contact with Mr. Covington, what if

anything did you do?", Agent Sweat answered "I initiated a criminal investigation on Frank Braswell." Then when asked

"Now on these initial contacts how did you introduce yourself to Frank Braswell?" Agent Sweat answered "On the initial

contact I called Frank up prior to meeting with him on the 7th, I think it was a day or so before. And he said he had heard

about me already from Harold Covington and he was anxious to meet me. He had heard that I was in the type of business

that I related to him later from Harold Covington."


Later testimony from a Federal witness stated "The first -- the way the investigation got initiated was with an undercover

contact with Harold Covington, who told me certain things -- ". In the book Code Name Greenkil: The Greeneboro

Killings, Elizabeth Wheaton writes: "In September 1979 … Covington led another ATF agent to Frank Braswell, as four

months earlier he led [undercover government agent] Bernie Butkovich to Wayne Wood. Michael Sweat, an agent from the

 Ashville ATF office, presented himself to Covington as Mike Swain … N "Two days prior to the breaking of the

Butkovich story, Sweat made contact with Frank Braswell. Braswell phoned Covington to check on Sweat; given the go-

ahead, he began talking to the agent." Wheaton concludes by stating Weird Harold "brought two ATF undercover agents

into his own party, resulting in the convictions of two of his rivals."


Besides informing to Federal Agents, Weird Harold has other interests. His great obsession in life, besides of course

gluttony, is the late Church of the Creator founder Ben Klassen. Weird Harold seems to think and talk quite a bit about Ben

Klassen. Also Weird Harold is especially fond and interested in alleging that Ben Klassen was homosexual, but never

produced any proof.


His so- called "newsletters" are full of obscene and filthy language describing these homosexual acts as he talks and

fantasies about Ben Klassen. Weird Harold even gets weirder in that he fancies himself as quite a skilled linguist for coming

 up with "clever" phrases like "Benny Butt F***er" ! Weird Harold also "alleged" that Ben Klassen was a Jew, again without

 any proof.


The odd thing about this is that if you would give Weird Harold's family tree a good shake, you would find a Jew by the

name of Hugo Glass in it. This may be why Weird Harold once made the comment about himself that "I look more like a

Rabbi than a National Socialist".


However, what is more important than looking like a Rabbi is acting like one. A prime example of Weird Harold's Jew-like

behavior is in this low-grade moron's "newsletter" Resistance. Resistance is so full of lies, half-truths, and Weird Harold's

own fantasies, that nothing in it can be taken seriously. In fact, almost nothing in it is truthful or accurate. Even when told

the truth from reliable sources, Weird Harold is so incompetent that he screws it up.


Weird Harold often writes under the pen name "Winston Smith". [Winston Smith is the name of the main character in

George Orwell's classic political novel 1984.] However, Weird Harold has recently authored an issue of Resistance

lavishing praises on himself written under the name "Luther Williams". This is a typical ploy in one-man operations. They

have no one to write good things about themselves, so they invent fictional people in an imbecile attempt to fool and

deceive the reader. In this particular issue, titled THE OLD ORDER PASSETH,


Weird Harold attacks many people, but is such a coward he doesn't sign his own name to it. Besides praising himself, this

issue was full of lies about people in the White Racialist Movement, ranging from Tom Metzger of the White Aryan

Resistance, the memory of Ben Klassen, Will W. Williams and Dr. Pierce of the National Alliance, and Arthur Jones of the

America First Committee, to name just a few. Besides these people, Weird Harold has attacked Pastor Butler of Aryan

Nations, calling him "scum"! Also, Weird Harold has recently written "I'll be exposing Gerhard Lauck [of the NSDAP/AO],

 a slime ball of the first order".


Weird Harold's game plan is so obvious and so unbelievably stupid you would think it came from the mind of a mentally

unbalanced geek. Weird Harold thinks that by attacking other people and other organizations with lies that he can destroy

them, and then everyone will magically come to him and make Weird Harold their supreme Dictator!!?!!


Although the basic premise of Weird Harold's plan is fundamentally flawed and incorrect and stupid, he is never-the-less

attempting to put it into place and trying to build an organization, to use his terminology, the "N.S.W.P.P. Mark Two". By

combining with two other one-man organizations he now has a "powerful" three-man organization. The other organizations

 are the Nationalist Socialist White America Party, operated by James Karl who publishes the NSWAP Newsletter; and the

National Workers League, operated by William Henry Kendall, who publishes Plexus.


They don't call him Weird Harold for nothing. Weird Harold is a believer in the occult and black magic. In a May 18, 1980,

 article by Angella Herrin about Weird Harold titled A Nazi apostle of white supremacy in the Raleigh The News and

Observer states: "A believer in the occult and black magic, he earns some money writing ghost stories, he says - but he

won't divulge his pen name. " The article then goes on to show that Weird Harold is not one to be relied on when it comes

to telling the truth.


Angella Herrin writes: "Although he [Weird Harold] told WRC [radio] listeners he is a Vietnam veteran, he admits Pentagon

 records show he was never in Vietnam." The News and Observer goes on to quote Weird Harold, a 1971 graduate of

Chapel Hill High School: "Like most Americans, I'm a working man. And I support myself by writing," he told one radio

caller. However, the Raleigh newspaper points out: "In fact, Covington is paying a vanity press to publish his gothic

romance Rose of Honor this summer. He has not had a full-time job since 1977. He lives over Nazi Party offices and

receives no salary. He simply controls party finances, he says, "and I take whatever I need". " Another example of Weird

Harold's dishonesty uncovered by this newspaper was in an April 4, 1981 article as follows: "Covington: Hinckley was a

Nazi - Associated Press -


Countering denials that accused presidential [Ronald Reagan] assailant John W. Hinckley Jr. was a Nazi, former American

Nazi leader Harold Covington insisted Friday that Hinckley "was a member and I did correspond with him." Covington and

his successor as head of the National Socialist Party of America, Michael Allen of Chicago, have maintained that Hinckley

was a Nazi for a few months in 1979. Law enforcement officers and monitors of right-wing groups have denied that.

"The man was a member and I did correspond with him for a while. That happens to be the truth." Asked to produce the

letters or other documents as proof that Hinckley was a Nazi, Covington said, "We do not keep documents of that



Weird Harold has a very disturbed sociopathic personality that craves attention. Since no one takes him serious as a

"movement leader", Weird Harold's only way of attracting attention to himself is by making up spurious rumors and lies

about various people and organizations. Thus by creating disturbances in the White Racialist Movement, this pathetic

buffoon focuses the attention on himself that he craves, even if it is only to have people denounce him as a fraud, a liar,

and as a traitor.


As you can imagine, Weird Harold is not much of a "ladies man". After crudely trying to proposition a young Aryan

woman by the name Sharon Mooney in a ghastly stupid letter dated June 12, 1994. Sharon wrote back in "an open letter to

 Harold Covington: dated June 18, 1994" that: "You are not needed with what is, Jewish blood (you certainly have the

mentality!) to further pollute our genetic pool. Maybe your grandfather was not a Jew… but the evidence to me is that he

MUST have been.


If he was not… well, then you Mr. Covington… accidentally suffered some sort of defective evolutions when your

mother was carrying you… and you were born very abnormally un-Aryan in mentality and the natural character of the

Normal Aryan Male.


Physically… you look Jewish. When you telephoned me, after you sent this obscene letter… I remembered you stating

clearly… "I didn't sign it."  And after I read that letter, now I know why you didn't. Nobody in their right mind would! 

However too, anybody in their truly sane state of mind and body, would not write any such thing, in the first place." [SIC]



The above sample was just a short quote from Sharon's hellish six page letter to Weird Harold. She closed the letter with

this little poem:


"May your days in the movement be numbered… May you finally be found out for the perverted criminal you are, so you

can be imprisoned and feel firsthand, the accusation you lay against Ben Klassen… May your Jewish Cousins spit on your

foul grave, when you are finished in this earth, from doing your dirty ZOG-serving work."


Publisher's Note: Weird Harold is also a hypocrite. Weird Harold makes people swear on his "Official Supporter

Application" that "I am not a journalist or an agent of any government- sponsored organization designated as a "law

enforcement agency"… That I am a non-Jewish White person of unmixed Aryan racial descent… and that I am not a

Satanist Or involved in any kind of occult activity." Weird Harold is all of the above and by his own standards shouldn't be

a member of his so-called "N.S.W.P.P. Mark Two", let alone its "leader". Weird Harold is an unnatural, unholy, vile,

grotesque, abomination to the White Racialist

Movement and will not be tolerated.


Extract from "Searchlight" June 1992




A leading North American neo-nazi, who has a strong association with the Irish Republican movement in the USA and

Europe, is living in Britain. With the British secret service, M15, having recently assumed responsibility for dealing with the

 IRA on mainland Britain, we hope our expose of his presence and background will lead Ms Stella Rimington, the new

head of M15, to request the Home Secretary rapidly to eject this nazi from Britain.


Harold Covington, now residing at 29 Palamos Road, Leyton, London E10, is in his late forties. Over the last 30 years he

has gained a personal notoriety for his role not only in organising some of the worst neo-nazi and racist groups in America

but also as the architect of the 1979 massacre in Greensboro, North Carolina, which left five people dead and another nine

with injuries from gunshot wounds. Although the Ku Klux Klan massacre was of his design, he did not have the guts to be

 present when the dreadful act was carried out.


Shortly afterwards he fled to Rhodesia and later South Africa, stopping over in Eire and Britain along the way.


Covington holds dual Irish and United States nationality. This is thought to be as a result of his marriage to an Irish woman

 during one of his European trips. He claims to have been married twice with both marriages ending in divorce. He says he

 has a son and daughter in Ireland, whom the American government have banned from entering the USA.


Studying in Britain


In a recent letter to his comrades in the British National Party, Covington claims to have taken time out to study in Britain

and use his citizenship of a member state nation of the European Community as a means to remain in the country if



We were alerted late last year by our friends in the Center for Democratic Renewal in the USA that Covington might be

heading back to Europe. But we never expected him to be allowed into this country for two reasons: firstly his strong Irish

 Republican links and secondly his association with the former illegal regime in Rhodesia. Clearly we were wrong.

Covington claims that Special Branch knows of his presence here, but he seems to have been left alone to work and study

for a City and Guilds qualification.


But all has not been well for the nazi leader. His ongoing row with Ben Klassen, boss of the Church of the Creator, led to

Klassen informing a senior member of the British National Party last February that Covington was in the country. Kiassen's

 letter went on to tell the BNP, which he knows claims to be in the forefront of the anti-Republican fight, of Covington's

dodgy Irish associations, and went further to suggest that Covington might be a CIA operative.


For reasons known only to himself, the recipient of the letter, John Morse, kept quiet about it and our attention was drawn

 to Covington's presence in this country only when copies of both Klassen's letter and Covington's own circular letter to

British nazis came into our possession.


Wave of killings


Certainly Covington has not lived up to his reputation as one of the hottest guys in the nazi camp as far as security goes.

His book, The March up Country, was written to alert the US far right to the mistakes they made during the years when

the notorious and bloody outfit, the Order, rocked the USA with a wave of killings of Jews, state troopers and police

officers, and were caught as a result of their own bad security. Covington aimed to cure this problem before the next

round of terror started, but clearly he has not studied his own text closely enough in recent times.


In recent years Covington has run a newsletter called Resistance, which he circulates to fellow nazis. In it he often signs

off with the name Winston Smith, the hero of Orwell's 1984. The most recent issues must have been written in Britain and

 sent out from his old base in Raleigh, North Carolina in the USA to make people think he was still in America.


One of his oldest and closest associates is Sean McGuire, a Klansman who is very close to Irish Republican activists in the

 USA and is often seen marching on Klan demonstrations wearing his famous Sein Fein baseball cap. Covington and big

Sean have been bosom buddies since their fighting days together in the National Socialist Party of America. At a

demonstration picketed by Jewish anti-fascists, McGuire attacked and injured a number of them and this led to his

reputation as a "big hitter"

in neo-nazi and KKK circles.


Covington's greatest claim to fame came in 1980 when he stood on the Republican Party ticket in North Carolina for the

post of State Attorney-General and polled 56,000 votes, 43% of the poll.


Top gun


Since 1988 he has been one of the top guns in the Confederate National Congress. It was at one of its rallies that he was

captured on video greeting and embracing his old comrade, McGuire.


In his circular to British neo-nazis Covington says he is too busy at the moment to "screw around" with anti-fascists,

Special Branch or the Jewish Board of Deputies, as it would upset his specific agenda of goals and things he wants to

accomplish whilst he is here.


Let us hope that Ms Rimington lives up to the much publicised expectations the Home Secretary and media have of her

and does the right thing, as they say in the USA, by booting this rat out of the country as soon as possible.


Copyright © 1992, Searchlight.


Extracts from the web site entitled "A Jew Hater's Who's Who" - The data provided on this page is for information

purposes only. In no way is the data to be taken as a solicitation for violence. The Jewish Defense League simply wants its

 members and web visitors to really know who their enemies are. The information on this page has been verified to the

best of JDL's ability but is subject to change. Those with knowledge of other "high-ranking" Jew-haters (on the left and

right of the political spectrum) are encouraged to provide such information to the Jewish Defense League.


Harold Covington represents the NATIONAL SOCIALIST WHITE PEOPLE'S PARTY and goes by the alias "Winston

Smith" after the character in the novel "1984" by George Orwell. Here are his personal details:


Name: Harold A. Covington, DOB: September 14, 1953

SSN : 241-96-9573

Occupation: Political activist, professional disrupter, race hater, hates Jews especially/anti-semite.

Mailing address: 4319 Medical Drive, Suite 131-150, San Antonio, Texas 78229 (Mailboxes, Etc.)

Physical location: The Lodge Apartments, Bldg. #17 -- 4900 Medical Drive, San Antonio, Texas 78229

Telephone number: (210) 614-0944

Automobile: 1985 cream-colored Chevy CL 25A wagon

License plate: South Carolina -- YCT 605

Physical description: 5'-11"; brown hair, brown eyes; 300 lbs., beard, glasses; prefers wide-brimmed hats in public.

Marital status: Divorced

Children: 5 (may owe back child support)


His e-mail accounts are:






He publishes a newsletter called "Resistance" and plans on expanding it with a special column on how to fight Jews. He

frequents the newsgroups: alt.nswpp, alt.politics.white-power, alt.revisionism, alt.skinheads, triangle.politics,

alt.nationalism.white. It appears he has been getting donations and spreading his filth through a cell-like organization and on

 the newsgroups.


He just moved to Texas due to $110,000 judgment against him due to his libeling one of his rival Nazis. He has been

getting donations and spreading his filth through a cell-like organization and on the newsgroups. His close ally in his hate

campaign is Bob Summers, whose e-mail address is <uswaffen@aol.com>. Covington and Summers run the National

Socialist White People's Party (NSWPP). Some have said Covington and Summers are one and the same person.


Covington has been accused by other Nazis of being an informant. Intelligence has not confirmed this in any way. Here's

one example of the trash he posts to newsgroups. He took it from www.melvig.org. This is "The Teachings of Julius



1. Jews concentrate in certain occupations such as doctors, lawyers, money-lenders, merchants, entertainers, etc. Thus

they gain a disproportionate share of the wealth. They control the large monopoly department stores thus putting the

independent Gentiles out of business.

2. Jews pay low wages often forcing poor workers into crime and some women into part-time prostitution.

3. Jews are not true creators of wealth. They avoid physical labor and are rarely farmers, masons, factory workers, etc.

Their religion teaches that it is shameful.

4. Jews hate Jesus Christ but have turned His birthday into a source of great profits. As Rabbi Jacob Wise said: "If the

crucified one had a brother born in the summertime it would have given us two such profitable holidays."

5. Jews exploit sex for financial gain through their control of the theater and publications.

6. Jews are parasites who secretly gain wealth by exploiting the unwary host people.

7. Jews gain power by first pleading for "tolerance and brotherhood." They coddle political leaders of a nation by making

themselves useful -- ingratiating themselves until they become the power behind the throne.

8. Jews give to charities in order to gain respectability.

9. Even if a Jew undergoes Christian Baptism he remains a Jew because they are a race.

10. Jews concentrate themselves in the large cities where they promote socialism and decadence.


Rhodesia  1976


Photographed with Eric Thomson of Internal Affairs Ministry. Covington is described as "Army". The text accompanying

the photo suggests "Both men are well qualified to explain why Black people are not White people inside and what happens

when White people turn their country over to Black people."


Court Order Against Harold Covington for Libel

Court Order follows in full:  Filed on June 26, 1997 / 4:04PM



CVD 11027



William W. Williams ) Plaintiff ) vs. ) I N J U N C T I O N  Harold A. Covington ) Defendant )



This cause coming to be heard, after proper notice and being heard, on the 25th day of April, 1997, before the Honorable

Paul Gessner, Judge Presiding.

It appearing to the Court, through affidavit and other evidence that:



1. Defendant was properly served, pursuant to N.C. Rules of Civil Procedure, Rule 4 on March 21, 1997, with a Motion

for Preliminary Injuction and Notice Of Hearing. 2. Plaintiff appeared, represented by counsel. 3. Defendant did not

appear. 4. Plaintiff served defendant with REQUEST FOR ADMISSIONS OF DEFENDANTon the 18th day of February,

1997. 5. As of April 22, 1997, defendant failed to respond to those REQUESTS FOR ADMISSIONS. 6. Defendant served

Plaintiff's attorney with a document on March 17, 1997, entitled "DEFENDANT DECLINES FURTHER TO DEFEND". 7.

 Since the Summons and Complaint in this action was filed, defendant has continued to publish defamatory statements

about the plaintiff and continues to republish defamatory statements about the plaintiff complained of in the original

complaint. 8. Defendant continues to use the United States Postal Service in the distribution of defamatory statements

about the plaintiff. 9. Defendant continues to publish defamatory statements about the plaintiff via the Internet. 10.

Defendant continues to publish defamatory written statements about the plaintiff by other means. 11. Electronic posts to

the Internet are the most insidiously invidious publications in that they remain lurking for additional republication. 12.

Plaintiff has suffered and continues to suffer injury to his reputation and said publications continue to deter third persons

from associating with plaintiff in social and business intercourse. 13. Each individual defamatory publication about the

plaintiff by the defendant causes additional injury to the plaintiff. 14. A monetary judgement can not adequately remedy

plaintiff's injuries caused by the defendant. 15. Defendant has been making material misrepresentations regarding the facts

and procedures of this civil action via the Internet. 16. Defendant uses assumed names to publish defamatory statements

about the plaintiff: including but not limited to; "Secretary General:, "NSWPP", and particularly his rakish nom de plume,

"Winston Smith". 17. Defendant has repeatedly and falsely published statements that this Civil Action involves the "National

 Alliance". 18. Defendant has repeatedly and falsely published statements that the "National Alliance" is a party in this Civil

Action. 19. Defendant has published statements indicating his intention to defy any Wake County Court Order enjoining his

 defamatory speech regarding the plaintiff.



1. Defendant has been publishing defamatory statements, both per se and per quod of and concerning the plaintiff since

the filings of this Civil Action.

2. Plaintiff has made an adequate showing that he will prevail in this action. 3. Defendant's actions by making additional

defamatory publications

and republishing the original defamatory statements complained of are causing the Plaintiff irreparable harm. 4. Money

damages alone are not sufficient to make the plaintiff whole.


1. Defendant, Harold A. Covington, is hereby enjoined from any publication of any matter involving plaintiff, William W.

Williams. 2. Defendant shall not publish, nor cause to be published any matter concerning William W. Williams or his

activities. 3. Defendant shall not refer to this Civil Action as the "National Alliance law suit" or the "suit against the

NSWPP". 4. Defendant shall not refer to the plaintiff as: "John Doe #2", "Mr.'X' ", or "Little Willie". Entered this 25th day

of June, 1997 - Paul Gessner, Judge Presiding


1973 - Harold Covington, who joined a neo-Nazi group while in the U.S. Army in 1972, moves to South Africa, later

joining the white-led Rhodesian Army for 18 months. Covington will later claim that he was a founding member of the

Rhodesian White People’s Party. He will be deported from Rhodesia (later renamed Zimbabwe) in 1976, after sending

threatening letters to a Jewish congregation there.




“A Personal Message From Harold A. Covington Thursday, June 28, 2007”


Dear Racial Comrades,


53 years ago, when I was nine months old, the United States Supreme Court handed down a historic and terrible decision

called Brown vs. Board of Education.


That decision destroyed my life, and the lives of two subsequent generations of White children who have been effectively

denied an education, because a child cannot learn in the presence of dangerous and violent animals with skins the color of

shit who foul their nest with their own excrement.


It would be difficult for me to encompass, and impossible for me to overstate, the catastrophic consequences that Brown

vs. Board of Education has had for America, and for people like me who have been forced to grow up in its shadow. I do

not believe I am overstating the case when I say that all of the many, many subsequent evils which have destroyed the

America into which I was born, originated in that one act of judicial folly and madness.


Today, June 28th, 2007, in a moment of lucidity such as those which occasionally befall a far-gone Alzheimer's patient,

America briefly recovered its sanity. The United States Supreme Court has reversed that terrible judicial fiat which

destroyed my life and millions of others back when I was still in the cradle. In two decisions involving the public school

systems in Seattle and Louisville, they effectively brought the racial integration of the public schools to an end, in the legal

sense, anyway, although I'm sure the dying integration monster still has some spasmodic twitches of life in it.


Nor can the damage of three generations be undone. Any moron can make an aquarium into fish soup, but no one can turn

 fish soup back into an aquarium.


But at least America has admitted that it was wrong, albeit 53 years too late. There are some who might tell me that at least

 now I can face my declining years with that inner satisfaction, knowing that those nine old swine admitted they were

wrong. I don't see it that way.


I look at it it like this: okay, you rotting insects in your black robes--you've admitted you were wrong. Now give me back

my life, the life I should have had, the life I would have had, if your predecessors had not decided to yield to the yowlings

of the black beasts and the whisperings in their ear of a race of alien Asiatic parasites.


Give me back the youth I should have had. Give me back the future I should have had in 1971 when I graduated from the

little corner of hell on earth that you created. Give me back the world that I had a right to, and which you stole from me.


Okay, America, you've admitted that you made a mistake. A mistake that I have already paid for. Now what are you going

HAYDEN COOPER COVINGTON                                            25 October 2018

HAYDEN COOPER COVINGTON. Ref: 8006. Born: 19 Jan 1911 at Texas TX. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother:

 not known, Mother Ref: 0.  Died: 21 Nov 1978 at Los Angeles CA aged 67. He was legal counsel for the Watch Tower

Bible and Tract Society during one of its most difficult periods in the mid-20th century. Hayden Covington has a record 37

 victories in the United States Supreme. He argued numerous cases before the United States Supreme Court on behalf of

Jehovah’s Witnesses in defense of their religious freedoms, winning most of them, and thus indirectly, advancing the

cause of civil liberties on behalf of all American citizens. In 1967, he famously defended then world heavyweight

champion Muhammad Ali in his legal battle against the draft during the Vietnam War. He sued Ali to recover $247,000 in

legal fees.


In its chapter on Covington, Great American lawyers: An Encyclopedia relates:


Covington reported one meeting in which he and Knorr met with President Harry Truman about a pardon for a Witness

who had been convicted of evading the draft. Covington claimed that Truman cursed and claimed to have no use "for that

SOB who didn't want to die for his country in time of war."


That meeting apparently occurred on Friday, September 6, 1946. President Truman eventually did pardon 136 Jehovah's

Witnesses who had been convicted in draft cases. Later, on October 12, 1951, Truman reportedly accepted the offered

Jehovah's Witnesses publication What Has Religion Done for Mankind


Interview with Watchtower Attorney Hayden Covington

Note: this summary was typed from a taped interview with Covington completed on Nov. 19, 1978, two days before his

death. The interviewer was Jerry Murray and his wife. Not everything on this site is negative towards Jehovah's

Witnesses. In fact, they are fine people with a heart for the better things in life for the most part. This file is an example of

 some of the hard and fearless workers that onced graced the halls of Bethel, in spite of how they were treated thereafter.



Bro. Murray: Brother Covington, anybody can listen to you and tell you are from somewhere in the southwest, but exactly

where and when did you come on the scene?

Covington: I was born in January 19, 1911 in East Texas. I was raised on a farm in a place east of Dallas. I worked my

way through school after that. My father was on the Texas Ranger Force and he was transferred to San Antonio, Texas

and that's where I went to law school.


Bro. Murray: How did you happen come into the truth then?

Covington: I came into knowledge of the truth because my father was transferred from San Antonio, Texas down to the

valley as a Texas Ranger. After that transfer I had to have a place to stay, so I stayed with two friends of mine that I went

 to school with. They asked me to move in with them and the father who was the head of the family was in bad health and

 he had all of us come on Sunday and listen to him talk about world conditions. He interested me and I got very interested

in what he had to say because I was myself fed up with the way things were going and like all young kids I was

dissatisfied with the establishment, and I was very much so at the time and I was flirting with controversial ideas and he

was full of controversy against this system of things. What he preached appealed to me very much and so I listen to him

and he would turn on the radio station KTSA that had the recorded broadcasts of Judge J. F. Rutherford, as he was as

called and known; so he insisted on our listening and I was very pleased with what I heard. [Note Covington did not

become a Witness due to his love for the scriptures or God but out of youthful rebellion].


Bro. Murray: Was the fact that Brother Rutherford was a lawyer, did that impress you too? Did that make it more


Covington: Well he presented the thing in a way that was incontrovertible by me. As a lawyer I could see that he knew

what he was talking about 100%. He was very persuasive and I was a ready, willing listener, and I was willing to join up

with him in his opposition, for the truth.


Bro. Murray: You were ripe for the truth! When did you first meet Brother Rutherford?

Covington: In Houston in 1900 and, I forget the year, way before I came to Bethel. I went over to Houston with a group

of brothers that knew they were having a special meeting over there, and Brother Rutherford was there because Brother

Isaac lived down in Houston at that time. He's dead now, Joe Isaac, he was a great friend of the judge, and I heard his

name all over Texas.


Bro. Murray: Tell me this, when you took the truth, and you began to go to meetings, how did your Daddy react to that?

Covington: Well he got to be very hostile against what I was doing when I was going to the Witness meetings because he

had great ambitions for me to be a politician ... And I was then working in the county court house, in the county clerks

office, and I had a political job. Whenever they were out campaigning, I was out preaching. So I had a political job and a

political office, but I didn't go along with it.


Bro. Murray: When were you actually admitted to the bar?

Covington: I was admitted to the bar in year of 1933.


Bro. Murray: So you practiced law for a little while before you went to Bethel?

Covington: Oh yes, I was an active practitioner at the bar in San Antonio after I took the bar examination, and, incidentally,

 I took the bar examination a year before I graduated and passed it.


Bro. Murray: Then you still had to go the extra year?

Covington: I had to go the extra year to get my certificate of graduation.


Bro. Murray: Did you set up your own law firm or did you join a law firm there?

Covington: I was working for a big law firm when I was admitted to the bar and I passed it with such high grades that the

 head of the law firm "Moffison - Burkeson" came and offered me a job.


Sis. Murray: How did you get involved then in defending Witnesses and working Brothers?

Covington: That came about after I quit the Morrison firm and went over with R. H. Mercer, who was a defender of

damage suits for the Maryland Casualty Company in San Antonio. And there was some brothers who got arrested down in

 the valley because of a meeting that was held down there and I went down and appeared on their behalf and got the case

thrown out. And then it was my name reached the Society and they assigned me to represent the Society in a will contest

case up in Curville, Texas, and I handled that for the Society And then the Brothers got involved in controversy with the

San Antonio police and that is when we get into the matter of Brother Heath. We were having information marches, and

the cops were trying to stop us. And it became necessary for me to have a conference with the Mayor of the City of San

Antonio on whether Jehovah's Witnesses have the right to engage in information marches, carrying the sign that religion is

a snare and a racket.


Bro. Murray: And that made people mad didn't it?

Sis. Murray: But how did you win that case?

Covington: By pleading with the Mayor he saw then that we had the right, I made him, well I didn't make him, the Lord

made him, but I was the one that offered the proposition (Brother Heath was in San Antonio on the occasion of that visit).

Brother Heath was the secretary for Brother Rutherford at the time.


Sis. Murray: So when he saw you there he invited you to Bethel?

Covington: Well, he invited me not to Bethel, he invited me to attend the Madison Square Garden Convention.


Bro. Murray: Is that the one where they had all of the riots?

Covington: That's where the Catholic Action tried to break the meeting up in 1939. On the the record Government and

Peace and you can hear the mob action from up the stairs. When the mob started, Brother Heath got down off the

speaker's platform because he was in charge of all the ushers; and headed up there and when he headed, I headed too. He

went up the meandering stairway up into the old Madison Square Garden, not the one that's there today. I followed him

and we went together. They were screaming and mad, this was the same sort of noise that you hear on that Government

and Peace record was yelled into our ears as we was going up there to maintain law and order in that religious gathering.


Covington: The cops were on the outside and acting "hands off," allowing those Coglanites to go ahead and to break up the

 meeting, or try to break it up. We went up and we had canes to maintain order and we tried to push the mobsters out of

the way and when we did one mobster grabbed Brother Heath and hurt him very badly, physically. And that's also written

up in the Society publications. They grabbed him by the private parts as he was going up the stairway and he hit the

mobster over the head with a cane in order to break up the crowd that was coming around us. And when he did that then

the cops moved in from the outside (they were in conspiracy working with the mobsters) and they put Brother Heath

under arrest because of his having hit one of the mobsters with the cane. He was in the right, Brother Heath was, but the

cops didn't think so and they went ahead and did their part helping the mobsters and took Brother Heath into custody.


Then I became the chief witness for the defense, meaning Brother Heath, and when the case went to the courts, I was

called up from San Antonio, Texas, to testify. I made two or three trips up on the train, they were two or three day trips.

Anyhow, in the end Brother Heath was tried by three judges, that were black robed representatives of the State of New

York to enforce the felony law and they were going to try and get him. But the judges ruled, based on the testimony that I

gave supporting Brother Heath's self-defense, that he was not guilty. They held that the testimony was given by a member

of the bar whom they believed was more credible than the mobsters that had testified against him ... so Brother Heath was

acquitted as a result of Jehovah's provision of having me there to give testimony on his behalf


Sis. Murray: I remember Brother Rutherford on that record saying that they will not break up this meeting and he just

went on non stop.

Covington: He says "By God's grace the Nazis and the Fascists will not break this meeting up." And that is the way that it

was, not broken up because the brothers maintained law and order.


Bro. Murray: It was not broken up because you used those canes ... at that time there was already some litigation going on

 for example, I think, the Lowell case.

Covington: The Lowell Case had gone on up and the judge had authorized the appeal of that and Mr. Moyle, who was at

that time at Bethel, handled that case. I had nothing to do with that case. I didn't come into any of the Society's Supreme

Court cases until after the Snyder case was argued. Brother Rutherford argued the Snyder case, Snyder against Irvington,

New Jersey. Brother Rutherford and I were in that case together. This case was an ordinance against literature distribution

 case. Now the Flag case was a different case and that came up for a hearing in 1940; that was adverse to us, the first

one, and then later they reversed themselves as a result of our taking that up.


Bro. Murray: So that was the point where you went to the Madison Square Garden case?

Covington: That's the one where the mobsters tried to break the meeting up in 1939.


Bro. Murray: So it must have been shortly after that you were invited to Bethel.

Covington: ... on account of the fact that I had made a firm defense for Brother Heath and the lawyer for the Society

pulled out. He didn't believe in the self-defense. And he quit. Brother Rutherford was in need somebody so he called on me

 and I was not aware of what was going on at the time. But when it did happen, he invited me to come, and I came.


Bro. Murray: You were in one field of law, but you almost got into Constitutional Law.

Covington: Yes. I was originally in casualty insurance, defense, personal injury, and representing insurance companies in

damage suit cases; then bond forfeiture cases and bond obligation cases. Then, when I went to Bethel I was in a different

area altogether. But, still I had had enough trial experience in appellate argument and court experience that it was easy for

me to shift into the position of defending Jehovah's Witnesses and it was good because I was able to do what I liked

which was to defend my client. Also having got a righteous cause gives you a double barrel.


Sis. Murray: That's right, a cause that you really believed in.

Covington: I went to Bethel in 1939. Brother Rutherford called me in, but that was after the Madison Square Garden Riot

case and that was because the fact that other lawyer by the name of Moyle quit, and left Brother Rutherford holding the

bag. I got an invitation to come by special delivery from Rutherford, and I went immediately. I had to transfer cases to a

dozen or two lawyers in order to make that change.


Bro. Murray: You and Brother Rutherford were on a couple of cases together you mentioned. I always think of you as a

lawyer and him as a writer, but was he a pretty good lawyer?

Covington: Oh yes he was! He was a very, very good, he was an eloquent speaker and he maintained dignity and he got

very high respect from members of the court that listened to him arguing the Gobitis Case.


Bro. Murray: You got started in 1940. What were some of the first major cases that you were involved in? I know a little

bit about some of the cases but what were some of the first ones? The "Flag Salute Case?" came along in 1940,

Covington: The first Flag Salute case I worked along with Brother Rutherford, but I had nothing to do in the argument in

that case. Brother Rutherford argued that one, but he did a good job. The reason that it was lost was not because of

Brother Rutherford, but because of the times we were in. The war was going on and the heat was on us from every angle



Bro. Murray: Then for a while the cases just piled up.

Covington: Oh my, yes! They were coming at us fast and furious. It was an eighteen hour day for me to cope with it, but

I was young and dedicated and devouring of any opposition that we had. I kept on going all the time. I was happy to do it.



Bro. Murray: Some of these things here that I'm not too familiar with; you can tell me about some of them. For example I

know about the Harlan, Kentucky case, but what can you tell me about this Connersville, Indiana case?

Covington: Well that was a mob situation that occurred while we were trying that seditious conspiracy case in

Connersville, a hot bed of American Legion action and they ruled the whole town. In the Connersville case I used Brother

Franz as my witness and then the jury was put on and it was necessary for me to get to out the case and I finished the

argument of the case at Connersville and I tried to get a postponement of the case in Maine but they wouldn't put it off. As

 result I had to race from Indianapolis to Cincinnati to catch the plane to Boston and that saved my life because that night

they had conspired to kill me. I went to catch the airplane in Cincinnati out of Connersville, and then Brother Victor

Schmidt, who was with me as co-council, he is now dead, he stayed, And he and his wife, Sister Schmidt, were mobbed

by the crowed and as they mobbed them that night, in the darkness, after the case was over, they were screaming and

yelling that they were going to kill me that night.


The Lord delivered me at the right time and I would have been killed that night. I wanted to stay there for the verdict. The

verdict was adverse and I took an appeal. I had to go back in to take the appeal afterwards and the same group of

conspirators were there and I got in an out in a hurry. We made the appeal effective and got the case reversed on appeal,

but that was after a tremendous effort was put forth and a lot of blood, sweat, and tears was involved. It was a part of the

 conspiracy to wipe us out in Connersville but by Jehovah's undeserved kindness they didn't. The good testimony was

given but some sisters were convicted of conspiracy and were given jail terms I got them out of jail on bail and we

appealed the case to the Supreme Court of Indiana. It was reversed and they were acquitted by the court on appeal (the

decision came down on Pearl Harbor Day).


Bro. Murray: I noticed that you got a note here about Oscar Pillars, a Brother that was in Texas.

Covington: Yes, he was a Brother that was down in East Texas to show the intense prejudice in that area. They literally

mobbed him and hung him up on a telephone pole and the rope was cut by the steel bars on the telephone pole the angle

bars, that was the thing that saved his life


Bro. Murray: That later went to court, and the persons that were guilty of trying to hang him to kill him fled the state.

Now of course this Harlan County, Kentucky, Sister Murray and I served over there near Harlan County and we heard

some interesting stories about Harlan, Kentucky.

Covington: And Somerset too, Somerset and Harlan were both involved.


Bro. Murray: Now what was their objection to the Witnesses in Harlan?

Covington: Well the same as here. That was where the prosecutor said that if he got me back down into Harlan he was

going to boil me in oil. They had a conspiracy charge against the Brothers, seditious conspiracy charge I then filed an

injunction against the prosecution of that case in Federal court in London Federal Court And I got a injunction against the

State of Kentucky and it's standing yet today, knocking that sedition law out as unconstitutional and the federal judges that

heard the case gave us a vindication. It was highly controversial and hotly contested case.


The thing that was interesting was that the prosecutor said he was basing his charge on the grounds that this literature was

 conspiratory and seditious. Then that chief federal court judge said "Mr. District Attorney its now 11 o'clock and court

will adjourn and you be back tomorrow with the proof." So court was adjourned and when he came back the next day of

course he had no proof. All he had were all those books and that's when he was making that statement to the other guys in

 the room that he if gets Covington back down to Harlan he's going to boil him in oil.


Bro. Murray: I understand that some of the Brothers roomed next to his room that night.

Covington: Yes they were, because we had taken up all the hotels, and all the officers of the law had to bunk up.


Bro. Murray: Is that where they spent the whole night researching the literature?

Covington: Yes, and that's where the Sheriff and the Marshals said to old Daniel Boone Smith to turn out the light we need

some sleep. Oh that was funny.


Bro. Murray: Yes, that's real funny now to tell about it, but it was pretty tough at the time.

Covington: Yes, our life was at stake. When you are batting with your back to the wall, but Jehovah gave us vindication,

but it was a tough time.


Bro. Murray: You're not kidding!, You know, there are a couple of cases that you don't have down here, but that I know

about personally. For example, did you fight the case about Jones versus O'Blancon?

Covington: Yes that was the case that was taken up to the Supreme Court involving the validity of the license tax law. And

 that came up from Alabama. We lost at first, and that was a companion case of Jones against Opelika, and Jobin against

Arizona, and another person against the state of Arkansas. Those three cases were put together and the Supreme Court

heard them and they decided them adversely to us at first. Then on rehearing they set aside their opinion but that didn't

come automatically.


We had to argue with our backs to the wall and that's when Justice Murphy filed his dissenting opinion on the case; he

complained about the Jehovah's Witnesses having been being persecuted by mob violence and all other sorts of

conspiracies that public officials had used to stop their work. That's when Murphy gave his dissenting opinion in favor of

Jehovah's Witnesses and then after that the other cases were taken in from Pennsylvania and that meant that the case

would have to be reopened because that was a very serious question that the court hadn't grabbed a hold of and it was

good too that they brought the other cases in because otherwise the case would have to stand and wouldn't be reheard.


Bro. Murray: As I understand license tax cases, a municipality would say to sell your literature in our town you've got to

have a license.

Covington: Yes, if you wanted to come in to sell your literature here you've got to have a license.


Bro. Murray: But when you went in to get a license they wouldn't sell you one because you didn't qualify.

Covington: You didn't qualify. And that way we got prosecuted on account of not having the license, but we believed that

the license was ungodly anyhow. We never would have got the license anyway, and we were defending the case because

they were making an imposition upon our constitutional rights and contrary to our conscience. Justice Murphy filed a

dissent in that case. Murphy got a good name among us because he was always dissenting in cases in our favor. They

wrote an article about him in the Law Review, some guys did, to the effect that if Justice Murphy is ever sainted, it will be

 by the Jehovah's Witnesses, not the Catholic Church. He was a notorious Catholic.


Bro. Murray: It's odd that he would be so strong for justice when he had that background.

Covington: He was very much in favor of what we were doing. And he knew that the life of the country depended on it

the success.


Bro. Murray: But not all the Justices were that way. For example Justice Frankfurter,

Covington: Oh! He was very adverse! He was so hostile yet he was a Jew. He was against us in the flag case and against

us in the license tax cases.


Bro. Murray: I read some of his opinions and it's amazing that he, coming from a persecuted minority, the Jewish

minority, that he was so tough on the Witnesses.

Covington: Oh boy, you said it. He was really vicious too. He tried to justify himself, but he was a hypocrite really, and my

 feelings about the matter is he was an enemy.


Bro. Murray: Let me go back to this other point. In the Flaxwood Case, the first one, we got an adverse opinion in 1940,

and on Flag Day in 1943 it was reversed.

Covington: And the reason it was reversed was because I brought an injunction case in the United States District Court in

the District of West Virginia, to restrain the enforcement of the state flag salute regulation that required compulsory

saluting of the flag by children in the schools. I challenged that as unconstitutional and that gave me the opportunity to

force the court into the position of deciding the matter again. I brought a injunction suit against the enforcement of the

regulation and it gave me the right to empanel what they call a three Judge Statutory Court. Then that gave us

automatically the right of appeal directly to the Supreme Court of the United States.


Bro. Murray: Now, I don't understand that part.

Covington: Well, it's a highly technical thing, but it gave us a speedy, quick decision and we needed a speedy quick

decision. When we were arguing that case in the District Court, Judge John Jay Parker, who was from North Carolina,

was presiding on the court. Then the Attorney General from West Virginia got up and said well it's not necessary for me

to argue this case, because the Supreme Court of the United States has already decided this case for the Jehovah's

HENRY COVINGTON                                                                   25 October 2018

HENRY COVINGTON. Ref: 2513. Born: 4 Apr 1829 at Bedford. Father: Berrill, Father Ref: 2505. Mother: Hodges,

Elizabeth, Mother Ref: 4216.  Died: 15 May 1863 at Salt Lake City UT aged 34. One of the original Utah Mormon Pioneer

Overland Travellers (1847-1868).


Henry sailed to America in 1852 on the ship Ellen Maria. Travelled to Utah with an Unknown Company in 1856. He initially

 lived in the 14th Ward in Salt Lake City.

JAMES HARRY COVINGTON                                                   25 October 2018

JAMES HARRY COVINGTON. Ref: 5546. Born: 3 May 1870 at Easton MD. Father: James H H, Father Ref: 11856.

Mother: Robinson, Emma V, Mother Ref: 11875.  Died: 4 Feb 1942 at Washington DC aged 71.  Mar: 4 Apr 1899 at

Easton MD to Rose, Ethel Kate 16908. Travelled from Southampton to New York, 6 Aug 1924 on The Majestic.

Described as a lawyer. Address whilst in London was 123 Pall Mall.


2nd trip 16 Aug 1927 Southampton to New York on The Olympic described as a Merchant


Co-founder of Covington, Burling, Rublee, Acheson & Short, the largest law firm in Washington


Known as Harry. A Congress Representative from Maryland. Born in Easton, Talbot County, Maryland. Received an

academic training in the public schools of Talbot County and the Maryland Military Academy at Oxford. Entered the law

department of the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia in 1891, attending at the same time special lectures in history,

literature, and economics. He graduated from that institution in 1894.


Commenced the practice of law in Easton, Maryland. Was an un-successful Democratic nominee for the State senate in

1901. Became State's attorney for Talbot County 1903-1908. Elected as a Democrat to the 61st, 62nd & 63rd Congresses

and served from March 4, 1909 until his resignation on September 30, 1914 to accept a judicial position as Chief Justice of

 the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, which he served from October 1, 1914 to June 1, 1918, when he resigned

 to practice law in Washington D.C. Was professor of law in Georgetown University, Washington D.C., 1914-1919.

Appointed by President Wilson as a member of the United States Railroad Commission in January 1918. Finally practiced

law in Washington prior to his death in 1942. He is buried at Spring Hill Cemetary, Easton, Maryland. Biography appears in

 National Cyclopaedia of American Biography 1955.


Info from Ellis Island, New York passenger data suggests he arrived there in 1912 aged 41 and again in 1924 aged 54. He

also appears as entering New York from Washington DC in 1923 aged 53  (Ellis Island Family History Passenger



His obituary appeared in the 6 February 1942 issue of New York, New York. The Feburary 6 New York Times carried his

 obituary. It read "J. H. Covington Dies; Jurist in Capital. Washington, Feb. 5--J. Harry Covington, former Representative

from Maryland and one-time Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, died here yesterday at his

home, 2330 Wyoming Avenue, after a brief illness. His age was 71. He had been confined to bed since Saturday with a

cold contracted earlier in Chicago.


Judge Covington, one of the most widely known attorneys in Washington and founder of its largest law firm, was born on

 May 3, 1870, in Talbot County, Md., the son of James H. and Emma V. Covington. He was educated in the public

schools, attended Maryland Military Academy and the University of Pennsylvania and in 1894 began law practice in

Easton, Md. In 1903 he was named State's Attorney of Talbot County, a position he held until 1909, when he was elected

to the House of Representatives, serving the First Maryland District until his resignation in 1914 to become Chief Justice

of the District Supreme Court.


Four years later he resigned and, with Edward H. Burling, founded the law firm of Covington, Burling, Rubise, Acheson &

 Short, which has six senior, ten junior and thirteen associate partners. During his term on the bench Judge Covington

taught law at Georgetown University, and in 1918 President Wilson enlisted his services as a member of the United States

Railroad Wage Commission. He was a member of the board of directors of the Kennecott Copper Company, the Union

Trust Company and the Continental American Life Insurance Company.


He leaves a widow, the former Miss Ethel K. Rose of Brooklyn, whom he married in 1889; a son, J. Harry Covington 3d

of Washington, and a daughter, Mrs. Lewis Clark, whose husband is second secretary of the United States Legation in


JERRY COVINGTON                                                                    25 October 2018

JERRY COVINGTON. Ref: 7209. Born: around 1955 at Oklahoma OK. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not

known, Mother Ref: 0. Jerry started building custom motorcycles (choppers) in the early seventies and founded

Covington's Cycle City in Woodward Oklahoma in 1993. He has become well known in the motorcycle industry as one of

the top custom builders for his clean designs and high quality custom motorcycles, and has appeared in numerous TV

shows Including the Discovery Channel's Biker Build-Off series, Carlos Mencia's Mind of Mencia, and Corbin's Ride On.

Jerry has also been featured in several custom motorcycle related books including "Art of The Chopper", and "Top



Jerry's one of a kind motorcycles have won many awards, have been featured in dozens of magazines, including

Easyriders, HotBike, and Street Chopper, and have been photographed by Michael Lichter Photography. Jerry has built

motorcycles for celebrities such as comedian Carlos Mencia, musician Sammy Hagar, and race car driver Billy Boat.


Awards and accomplishments

Easyriders Invitational - Dallas 2008, Best of Show, AMD World Championship 2006, 2nd place: Production

Manufacturer, Discovery Channel’s Biker Build-Off Champion for Jerry Covington vs. Warren Vesely January 11, 2005

V-Twin Magazine, Best Custom Fabricated Bike, All American Motorcycle Show 2004, Best of Show: Pro-Builders Class


Easyriders Invitational - Houston 2004, 2nd place: Best of Show , Easyriders Invitational - Louisville 2003, 1st place: Best

Street Custom, Easyriders Invitational - Louisville 2003, 2nd place: Best Radical, Easyriders Invitational - Columbus 2003,

1st place: Best Radical, Hot Bike Magazine, High Tech Product of 2000, for TC88B frame

JOE ETHERIDGE COVINGTON                                               25 October 2018

JOE ETHERIDGE COVINGTON. Ref: 16907. Born: during 1911 at Arkansas AR. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0.

Mother: not known, Mother Ref: 0.  Died: during 1993 at Missouri MO aged 82. Was Provost and Acting President at U.A.

 Fayetteville AR from 1951-1954. Was later Dean of Missouri University.


The following tribute was written by John Germany. Editor’s note: This year, the National Conference of Bar Examiners

announced the first annual Joe E. Covington Prize for Scholarship in Bar Admissions Topics. The prizehonors the late Joe

Covington (1911-1993), NCBE’s firstdirector of testing. NCBE asked John Germany, a former chair of the Conference

and longtime friend of Joe’s, towrite a remembrance of Joe.


"I bring to the task of writing this profile of Joe Covington articles from The Bar Examiner, materials from Tim Heinsz,

Dean of the University of Missouri-Columbia School of Law, an obituary written by Joe and provided by his widow,

Justice Ann Covington of the Missouri Supreme Court, and my own special recollections. It is most appropriate that I

should repeat several facts gleaned from these materials.


Joe was born in 1911, and his early upbringing has a tinge of Horatio Alger. A small town boy from Arkansas, he

graduated from a teachers’ college and became a high school teacher. He was a beneficiary of the Civilian Conservation

Corps as an educational advisor, then went on to the University of Arkansas for both undergraduate and law school. One

law school wasn’t enough for Joe. He attended two more—first the University of Texas and then Harvard where Joe and I

 shared a class in 1947.


After receiving his S.J.D. from Harvard, Joe returned to the University of Arkansas; his imprint on that institution was

considerable. He became the provost for the undergraduate school and served as acting president for one year. At the law

school level, he taught and then became dean. When he left the University of Arkansas, Joe moved on to the University of

Missouri-Columbia School of Law where he also taught and served as dean.


Our paths crossed again when I attended a meeting of the National Conference of Bar Examiners in 1969 as a member of

the newly formed NCBE Bar Examination Committee. Joe, who was by this time teaching at the University of Missouri-

Columbia, was a member of a panel convened to discuss “A Uniform Bar Exam: National and Regional.”


At that meeting, Joe made one of his first great contributions to the multistate bar exam by giving a name to our efforts to

bring some uniformity and objectivity to the bar examination process. At the time, the states were fearful of a “national”

bar exam which could cause them to lose their jurisdiction over the admitting process. Joe suggested we call our proposed

 examination a “multistate bar examination,” and the name stuck. The committee was so impressed with Joe that we asked

 him to become the reporter to our committee and he agreed. From then on, he met with us in developing the examination.

Most meetings were held on weekends at the Chicago airport.


No expenses were paid to the committee members or to Joe by the National Conference because the Conference didn’t

have any money. The energy created by this committee was a sight to behold. All of us knew that we were breaking new

ground which would change the testing process. Despite the fact that Florida had been using them for several years and

New York had used them as a part of its examination for many years, multiple choice questions were still generally looked

upon as an unacceptable way to test legal knowledge.


With the mounting number of applicants, however, the grading of essay papers was becoming onerous, and the delay in

announcing the results was becoming unacceptable to both the state courts and the examinees. The time was ripe for a

new examining process where a multistate test could be prepared according to professional standards and graded in a

matter of a few weeks, giving jurisdictions additional time to grade any essays.


The first MBE was given in February of 1972. In anticipation of this first exam, Joe went from being reporter to the

committee to Director of Testing for the Conference. In the process, the MBE headquarters moved to Joe’s office at the

University of Missouri-Columbia.


The first examination was given by only 11 jurisdictions. The test, consisting of 200 questions, was developed under Joe’s

 auspices. He appointed the members of the drafting committees who developed questions to be given on the five original

subjects of the exam: Torts, Contracts, Real Property, Evidence and Criminal Law. (The sixth subject, Constitutional Law,

 was later added to the test.) Recruiting these volunteers was a huge job that involved finding both law faculty and

practitioners with expertise in the subject areas.


We involved the Educational Testing Service (ETS) early in the processes of developing and grading the MBE. With an

examination of these proportions, we felt that it was important to involve testing professionals from the inception. (This

function was later taken over by American College Testing, now ACT.)


This first MBE was given without a hiccup, and it then became incumbent on the NCBE Bar Examination Committee

members to promote the test to additional jurisdictions. The selling job always included Joe. Two additional mainstays of

this effort were the urbane John Eckler of Ohio, who was chairman of the committee, and Roy Wilkinson of

Pennsylvania, who was always leading the band.


In 1976, I became Chair of the Multistate Bar Examination Committee, and by this time developing the MBE had become

the dominant activity of the National Conference. Despite the phenomenal growth of the exam, our headquarters were still

in Columbia, Missouri, and Joe still refused to take any pay for his services.


As additional jurisdictions were added, we began to generate large sums of money and correspondingly large expenses for

producing the examination. Our bills, often in six figures, would be paid by Joe—not with desk checks, but with those

small checks often used for household accounts.


California’s adoption of the examination was a coup that added thousands of examinees per exam. The major holdout

continued to be New York. The New York Board of Law Examiners was reluctant to change its exam, which at the time

consisted of both essay and multiple choice questions and which board members felt was working well.


Joe and I finally had a hearing before the judge of the Court of Appeals of the State of New York who was in charge of

the New York examination. He met with us in New York City and we presented our case along with a member of the New

 York Board who argued against adopting the MBE. Sometime after this hearing, a decision was made to adopt the MBE,

and the New York bar examiners, once on board, became advocates of the exam.


By the time New York joined the list of jurisdictions using the MBE, other jurisdictions had also begun to appreciate the

advantages of administering this exam. The list was growing.


With the growing success of the exam, it became necessary to validate the exam to prove its testing ability. Joe selected a

blue ribbon commission to complete the assessment. When this commission gave its stamp of approval, it became easier

for the committee to sell the exam to the remaining jurisdictions. (Our efforts were successful, as today all but two

jurisdictions have adopted the MBE.)


During this time Joe and I became fast friends. In our extensive travels we had long talks which included both professional

 and personal subjects. Many of these would take place during after-dinner walks. I came to know of Joe’s pride in his

son, his love of his wife, Ann, and his pleasure in his record collection and sound equipment. His library at home

resembled a recording studio.


Joe had a wonderful sense of humor. During the Nixon-McGovern election, we were guests of Roy Wilkinson at the

Union League Club in Philadelphia. The club was festooned with bunting for Nixon. As we viewed this, Joe quietly asked,

“I wonder where I could make a contribution to McGovern?”


His sense of humor was also evident at his NCBE retirement party. He rose in response to the many accolades that he had

received. He said that many people had asked what he was going to do in his retirement, and he was now announcing that

he was going to start a bar review course. (Because bar review courses had been anathema to Joe, this joke carried great

weight for those of us who knew him.)


At the conclusion of this wonderful career, Joe didn’t retire, he just changed his focus. He continued to revel in Ann’s

successes as a justice and eventually Chief Justice of the Missouri Supreme Court; he took immense enjoyment in his

music and in his travel adventures.


The world is a better place for Joe’s having lived in it, and I am a better person for having known him. It is only fitting

that the National Conference of Bar Examiners should create this award in Joe’s name."

JOEY COVINGTON                                                                       25 October 2018

JOEY COVINGTON. Ref: 5550. Born: 27 Jul 1945 at East Conemaugh PA. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not

known, Mother Ref: 0. Not actually a Covington, Real name Joseph Edward Michno, ie Joe E.


"Hello Martin

Covington has been my stage name but I am not a Covington by birth.  I found my record cover, my union card, and a

photo of me on your site.  But for accuracy I thought you should know I am not truly a Covington.  I always liked the



Joey Covington"


Known as Joey. Musician. Percussionist & Singer, mainly sessions. Worked on albums with Jefferson Airplane 1969/1974

 and Peter Kaukonen 1971 & 1977. Recordings include Drums & Vocals on own album (Fat Fandango) 1973 Grunt

Records BFL 10149. Drums, vocals & percussion on Jefferson Airplane Albums (Volunteers) 1969 RCA, (Bark) 1971

Grunt, (Long John Silver) 1972 Grunt, & (Early Flight) 1974 Grunt Records. Drums on Peter Kaukonen Album (Black

Kangaroo) 1971 Grunt Records. Drums on Papa John Creach Album (Papa John Creach) 1971 Grunt Records. Drums on

Nick Gravenites Album (Blue Star) 1980 Line Records. Drums on some tracks of various Hot Tuna albums 1970-1979.

Drums/Percussion on Paul Kantner Albums (it’s a Fresh Wind That Blows) 1970 RCA Records & (Sunfighter) 1971

Grunt Records. Drums on Rocky Sullivan Album (Illegal Entry) 1981 Rag Baby/Jupiter Records. H


e replaced Spencer Dryden in Jefferson Airplane in 1970. He is described as; "A barely adequate and uninspired drummer,

who even admitted that he disliked the band's music". Joey brought black violinist Papa John Creach to both Hot Tuna and

 Airplane in October 1970. Band at that time consisted of Paul Kantner, Grace Slick, Jack Cassady, Jorma Kaukonen, Joey

 and Creach. He left the band in 1972 to be replaced by John Barbata. Steve Midnite, Patrick Craig and Jack Prendergast

appeared on his own album.  (New Rock Record - Terry Hounsone 3rd Edition)(Who's Who In Rock Music)(The

Marshall Cavendish Illustrated History of Popular Music, Vol 8, Pges 912-913)


Blues From A Jefferson Airplane Discography Version 4.2 - November 1995.


Compliled by Jeff Zahnen (number6@grove.ufl.edu)


This discography can be found at The Jefferson Airplane Homepage - 


Copyright 1995 by Jeff Zahnen  All Rights Reserved. Permission to use, copy, and distribute this text for non-commercial

purposes and without fee is hereby granted, provided that this notice appears in all copies.


Joey Covington -  Your Heart Is My Heart (Grunt, 1973) *


II. Band Lineup 1965-1994                      JEFFERSON AIRPLANE


Marty Balin - vocals

Paul Kantner - guitar, vocals

Jorma Kaukonen - guitar, vocals

Signe Anderson - vocals

Skip Spence - drums

Bob Harvey - bass