ANTHONY LAWRENCE COVINGTON 25 October 2018
ANTHONY LAWRENCE COVINGTON. Ref: 12451. Born: 26 Dec 1967 at Winston-Salem NC. Father: not known,
Father Ref: 0. Mother: not known, Mother Ref: 0. Known as Tony, is a former American football safety in the National
Football League and Arena Football League. He was drafted by the Tampa Bay Buccaneers in the fourth round of the 1991
NFL Draft, round 4, draft 93. He was with them for 4 years (1991-94). He had played college football at Virginia.
He also played for the Seattle Seahawks (1995) and Tampa Bay Storm (1999).
Career stats: 124 tackles, 4 Interceptions and 1 sack. Wore number 25 jersey.
ARTHUR EDWIN COVINGTON 25 October 2018
ARTHUR EDWIN COVINGTON. Ref: 5508. Born: 21 Sep 1913 at Regina, Saskatchwn. Father: Joseph Arthur, Father
Ref: 1358. Mother: Neate, Isabella Welch, Mother Ref: 4444. Died: 17 Mar 2001 at Ontario aged 87. Mar: during 1945 at
Canada to Riche, Charlotte Anne 5267. His Grandfather Edwin Joseph (1744) & father emigrated to Canada in the 1880s.
Distinguished radioastronomer with the National Research Council of Canada. His collection of memorabelia founded a
Covington Museum at Queen University, Kingston, Ontario. Traced his family back thru' the College of Arms to 1627.
Thought in 1993 telephone directory check to live at 269 Pleasant Park, Ottawa, Canada. from tel. dir. Ottawa
Wikepedia entry reads: Covington was born in Regina and grew up in Vancouver. He showed an early interest in
astronomy, and had built a 5-inch (130 mm) refractor telescope after meeting members of the local chapter of the Royal
Astronomical Society of Canada. He was also interested in amateur radio and operated station VE3CC for a time. He
started his career as a radio operator on ships operated by the Canadian National Railways.
He put himself though school and eventually earned a bachelor's degree from the University of British Columbia in 1938,
and obtained his master's degree from the same institution in 1940 after building an electron microscope. He then moved to
University of California in Berkeley where he received his doctoral degree in nuclear physics in 1942. He was still at
Berkeley when he was invited to join the National Research Council (NRC) in Ottawa in 1942 as a radar technician,
working at the NRC's Radio Field Station.
Solar observations - Immediately after the war Covington became interested in radio astronomy, and built a small telescope
out of the electronic parts from a surplus SCR-268 radar combined with parts from another receiver originally built to test
silicon crystal radio parts for radar applications. These electronics were attached to the 4 ft (1.2 m) parabolic dish from a
Type III gun-laying radar. The system operated at a frequency of 2800 MHz, or a wavelength of 10.7 cm. Initially the
instrument was pointed in the direction of various celestial objects, including Jupiter, the Milky Way, aurora borealis, and
the Sun, but it proved too insensitive to pick up any source other than the Sun. So a solar study program was started. As
time passed, Covington and his colleagues realized that the Sun's emission at 10.7 cm wavelength was varying, which was
unexpected. Thinking at that time was that the solar emission at centimeter wavelengths would be simply black body
emission from a ball of hot gas.
Covington became convinced that the effect was due to sunspots, as the flux appeared to vary with the number of visible
spots. The resolution of the device, about seven degrees, made it impossible to "pick out" a spot on the sun's surface for
study, making a demonstration of the claim difficult. An opportunity to directly measure this possibility presented itself on
November 23, 1946 when a partial solar eclipse passed over the Ottawa area, and Covington was able to conclusively
demonstrate that the microwave emissions dropped off precipitously when the Moon covered a particularly large sunspot.
This also demonstrated that magnetic fields were instrumental in sunspot activity.
It was entirely by accident that the original instrument operated on frequencies suitable to detection of the 10.7 cm signal,
and it had never been intended for "production" use. As the importance of the sunspot measurements became obvious,
plans were made to continue these observations over a longer time period. As the Radio Field Station was still actively
being used for radar development, and causing heavy interference as a result, a new location was selected about five miles
(8 km) away at Goth Hill. Here they measured the whole-disk flux and averaged the measurements to produce three
highly-accurate measurements a day.
He then set about designing an instrument that could directly resolve portions of the sun's disk. The new telescope
consisted of a 150 ft (46 m) long section of 3 by 1½ inch metal waveguide cut with slots in locations to create a simple
interferometer with a fan-shaped area of sensitivity. The amount of flux gathered was improved by placing the waveguide
in metal trough, and the direction of aim could be changed slightly by rotating the waveguide inside the trough, but in
general terms it was used to take measurements as the sun passed through its "beam". The new telescope started operation
in 1951, allowing them to directly measure the flux from the Sun’s corona and the temperature of the regions above
sunspots (about 1,500,000 °C). The Goth Hill observatory also included a number of other instruments for a variety of
ARO - Increasing radar and radio use in the Ottawa area presented interference problems, and Covington turned his
attention to finding a more suitable "radio quiet" location for the program. This led to the creation of the Algonquin Radio
Observatory (ARO) in Algonquin Park, about 150 km northwest of Ottawa but relatively easy to access on major
highways. A new 6 ft (1.8 m) parabolic dish solar flux telescope was built in 1960, operating in parallel before taking over
duties from the Goth Hill instrument in 1962. In 1964 an identical instrument was installed at the Dominion Astrophysical
Observatory (DAO) in British Columbia. This was followed by a more powerful version of the waveguide instrument, this
time focused by a series of thirty-two 10 ft (3 m) dishes arranged over a 700 ft (215 m) waveguide, which opened in
The ARO was greatly expanded in 1966 with the opening of the 150 ft (46 m) deep-space telescope. This was a major
research site through the 1960s and 70s, although limitations in its design made it see less use in the 1980s. For some time
this instrument was joined by a smaller 18 m telescope originally located at the David Dunlap Observatory outside Toronto,
operated by the University of Toronto. The original solar observatories remained in use until 1990 when funding
drawdowns at the NRC forced the closure of the entire Algonquin site. In 1991 the 1.8 m dish was moved to the DAO as
a backup instrument.
Covington's work led to other solar-related discoveries. Observations in 1969 led to the realization that certain types of
major sunspot breakouts were preceded by a particular type of radio signal, which allowed advanced prediction of
upcoming solar storms. As other teams also started studying the solar flux they noticed that the different teams all came to
different conclusions about the total flux, due to differences in the instruments and other effects. Covington worked on an
effort to correlate these measurements and solve a single flux number, which was published in 1972. He also played a role
in the construction of the Indian River Observatory, an amateur built 200 m interferometer.
Retirement - Covington remained the director of the ARO until he retired in 1978. He died in 2001 in Kingston, Ontario, at
88 years old. One of the buildings at the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory was named in his honour in 2003
Riche-Covington Collection, Special Collections, Douglas Library, Queen's University. Subjects - Radio science and
technology, history of: - The collection was started by the presentation of two books by Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Covington
in 1973. A Riche-Covington Trust was established in the same year for the collection maintenance, and the acquisition of
primary materials in the history of radio science and technology. The collection is complemented by the McNicol
Collection (see entry 235).
The collection deals specifically with the development of radio science in Canada. It includes material on radio
astrophysics, radio astronomy, solar radio astronomy, radar, and early radio astronomy. Primary source and printed
materials gathered by the donor (pamphlets , correspondence, newspapers, reports, posters, journal issues, and books) are
included. The chronological emphasis is from World War II to the present. New titles in related subjects are purchased.
The donor continues to add personal material to the collection regularly.
1264 items (including monographs, serials, pamphlets, correspondence, newspaper items, committee reports, etc.). The
material in the Physics Library is more general and supports the Riche-Covington Collection.
The collection is uncatalogued although a separately published bibliography is available (see below). The collection is open
to the public. Winter hours are: Monday-Friday, 9:00 a.m.-5:00 p.m.; and 7:00 p.m.-10:00 p.m. Summer hours are:
Monday-Friday, 8:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m.
Riche-Covington Collection. - A catalogue of the Riche-Covington Collection in Queen's University. - Kingston, Ont.:
Queen's University, Douglas Library, 1984.
For further information contact: Vivien Taylor, Head, W.D. Jordan Special Collections & Music Library, Douglas Library
Tel: (613) 533-6916 or 533-2839, Email: email@example.com
BENJAMIN JESSE COVINGTON 25 October 2018
BENJAMIN JESSE COVINGTON. Ref: 5484. Born: during 1869 at Marlin TX. Father: Ben, Father Ref: 11342. Mother:
Georgiana, Mother Ref: 11343. Died: 21 Jul 1961 at Houston TX aged 92. Mar: 30 Sep 1902 at Seguin to Murphy, Jennie
Belle 11341. Educated at Hearne Baptist Academy & Maharry Medical College, Nashville. M.D.1960. Physician, practised
medicine in Houston, Texas for 58 years, during which time he helped to re-organize the Lone Star Medical Association.
"COVINGTON, BENJAMIN JESSE (1869-1961). Benjamin Covington, a black physician in Houston, was born in 1869
near Marlin, Texas, the son of Ben and Georgiana Covington, former slaves. As a young man he worked on a farm and
attended school near Marlin. Around 1885 he entered Hearne Baptist Academy, where he supported himself as janitor and
After graduating in 1892 he taught school but encountered hostility from some members of the white community who
thought his salary was too high for a Negro. Following a stint as a bookkeeper he entered Meharry Medical College in
1895. While still a student at Meharry he spent several months practicing medicine in Wharton, Texas, on a temporary
permit. Covington graduated from Meharry in 1900. After another brief stay in Wharton he moved to Yoakum, where
other doctors received him more favorably.
In 1903 Covington moved to Houston with his wife, Jennie Belle Murphy Covington,qv whom he had married in 1902.
Covington practiced general medicine in Houston for fifty-eight years. He is best known as one of the five physicians who
helped establish Houston Negro Hospital (now Riverside General 21 SepHospitalqv in 1925. His formula for the treatment
of influenza, which he considered a form of yellow fever, was very successful and was used by United States medical
officers. He was active in the push for improved public facilities and public health conditions.
He helped reorganize the Lone Star Medical, Dental, and Pharmaceutical Association,qv a professional association of black
physicians, and served as secretary-treasurer for ten years and as president in 1920. Over the course of his career
Covington took fifty-one post-graduate "refresher and modernization" courses at Prairie View, Tuskegee, Flint-Goodridge
(New Orleans), and the Mayo Clinic.
Covington belonged to the Omega fraternity, Young Men's Christian Association, Masonic lodge, and Business and
Professional Men's Club. He was also a member of Antioch Baptist Church, where he accompanied the choir on his violin.
He also taught himself to play the piano, mandolin, and cornet.
During World War Iiqv Covington received citations from presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry Truman
commending him for his services to the Selective Service System. The Masonic lodge established a medical college
scholarship in his honor. Covington died on July 21, 1961, and was buried in Paradise Cemetery (North). He was survived
by his wife and daughter, Ernestine Jessie Covington Dent. In 1994 a Texas historical marker was placed at the site of the
Covington home at 2219 Dowling Street. "
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Howard H. Bell, "Benjamin Jesse Covington, M.D., 1869-1961," Journal of the National Medical
Association 55 (September 1963). Benjamin Covington Collection, Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public
Library. Albert Walter and Jessie Covington Dent Papers, Amistad Research Center, Tulane University. Martin Kaufman et
al., eds., Dictionary of American Medical Biography (2 vols., Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood, 1984). Fred Nahas, ed.,
Houston: City of Destiny (New York: Macmillan, 1980). (John S. Gray III)
BERRILL COVINGTON 25 October 2018
BERRILL COVINGTON. Ref: 1669. Born: 6 May 1848 at St Botolph,Aldergate. Father: Josiah, Father Ref: 668. Mother:
Freeman, Susannah, Mother Ref: 4295. Died: 7 Jan 1928 at Ogden, Weber UT aged 79. Mar: 5 Oct 1874 at Salt Lake
City UT to Newman, Maria Louisa 5982. 2nd Mar: 1 Oct 1926 at Ogden, Weber UT to Allen, Alice 6079. One of the
original Utah Mormon Pioneer Overland Travellers (1847-1868).
Christened: c 1864 at Bedford. Emigrated to U.S.A. in 1863 initially to Salt Lake City and then on to Ogden. In 1880 US
Census shown as living in 4th Ward, Ogden, Weber UT employed as a Baggageman on Railway
BOGUS BEN/BLIND BEN COVINGTON 25 October 2018
BOGUS BEN/BLIND BEN COVINGTON. Ref: 5226. Born: around 1890 at Alabama AL. Father: not known, Father Ref:
0. Mother: not known, Mother Ref: 0. Real name could be Ben Curry. Musician, who once made a record on Paramount
called "I thought I heard the voice of a Pork Chop". Appeared in The Birmingham Jug Band who recorded both (John
Henry) & (Bill Wilson). According to The Marshall Cavendish Illustrated History of Popular Music "Humour was an
important ingredient in blues music both exposing the truth and granting consolation, as in Bogus Ben Covington's dry-
eyed comment on the comforts of religion "I heard the voice of a pork chop say "Come unto me and rest" (A History Of
Jazz In Britain 1919-50).
Recorded under the names of Blind Ben and Bogus Ben Covington, may also have used the name Ben Curry. Internet
search reveals the following recordings: c. Sep 1928 - 20863-1 Adam and Eve in the garden RST BD-2028, 20866-2 I
heard the voice of a pork chop RST BD-2028, Matchbox MSEX 2001/2002, 9 Oct 1929 - C-4630- Boodle-de-bum blues
RST BD-2028, Roots (Austria) RL 325, C-4631- It's a fight like that RST BD-2028, Roots (Austria) RL 325, 10 Oct 1929
- C-4634- It's a fight like that unreissued.
The Blues Trail reports "Bogus Ben Covington is something of a mystery in that there is very little verified information
about him. He is said to have been born in Alabama but to have worked mainly in Mississippi and Chicago. According to
Big Joe Williams he got his nickname of "Bogus Ben" because he insisted on impersonating a blind person whilst
performing on street corners and in minstrel shows. It is thought that he was a vocalist, played banjo and mandolin, and
was possibly a juggler as well! It has been suggested that his real name was Ben Curry and that he travelled with Speckled
Red and King Solomon Hill.
In 1928 he recorded "Adam and Eve and the Garden" and "I Heard the Voice of a Pork Chop" for Paramount. He recorded
again in, 1929, this time for Brunswick, "Boodle-De-Bum Blues" and "It's Tight Like That". It is possible that he recorded
for Paramount again in 1929, this time using the name "Memphis Ben". A final session recorded in 1932 for Paramount
and credited to Ben Curry is usually accepted as being by the same Bogus Ben! After this session he may have moved to
Pennsylvania and is said to have died there around 1935."
CHARLES COVINGTON 25 October 2018
CHARLES COVINGTON. Ref: 14680. Born: during 1941 at Baltimore MD. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not
known, Mother Ref: 0. Mar: 1965- 1966 at U.S.A to Becky 14681. Upon seeing a chess player at a tournament, we may
assess them based upon their chess strength. However, there are many instances where a chess novice serving as a
weekend punching bag in chess can be a world-class expert in their profession! These persons may be so esteemed in
their fields that it would be hard to believe their talents don't automatically transfer.
However, 61-year old Charles Covington, has excelled in most everything he has done. Besides being a U.S. Life Master in
chess, he is a world-class pianist, a master magician, a 100-square checkers expert, a portrait artist, a former champion
body builder, and the earner of a black belt in Karate. NM Covington said in this 90-minute phone interview that, "Those
who know me for my music don't know I'm a chess master; those who know me for chess don't know that I'm a
musician." Well… now we know.
Born in Baltimore, Maryland in 1941, Charles Covington learned chess at the relatively late age of 22. One day while
visiting cousin Ray Davis, he saw a group of strange artsy-looking figures arranged on a red and black board and asked
what they were. His cousin (now a Baltimore judge), told him it was a chess set and showed him the moves. Charles was
so excited that he went out and bought Irving Chernev's Winning Chess Traps. In no time, he was beating neighborhood
rivals with ease, but his interest would not elevate for another four years.
While a senior at Douglass High School, Charles discovered that he had an uncanny ability to hear musical tones and took
an interest in music. After a brief stint in the Army Reserve, Charles had developed a reputation as a promising pianist and
played chess on the road, including an immortal game with jazz great, Dizzy Gillespie. He was inspired by music greats
such as Earl Garner and Ahmad Jamal, but also played with the likes of Chuck Berry and Charlie Rouse. He spent a lot of
time on the road playing in various cities including "the Village" and the greater Manhattan area. He also played on
Baltimore's "Avenue Strip" and often socialized in the circles with Count Basie and Duke Ellington.
During his 3-year stint in New York, the talented musician would often visit the Chess and Checker Club on 42nd and
Broadway and rubbed shoulders with the likes of GM Pal Benko, GM Larry Evans, GM Bobby Fischer, GM Walter
Browne, IM Kupchic and professional hustler, NM Asa Hoffman. In his book, Memoirs of an African American Master,
he stated, "These were my early training years and I learned much more than I could have ever learned from any number
In 1969, Charles tried his hand at tournament chess and entered the Baltimore Open. He won 1st place in the "C" section
and earned his first rating of around 1500. He would play off and on for many years, but would finally gain enough
momentum to make Expert, then Master, and finally the Life Master title (300 games of over 2200 ELO). He has good
memories of sparring with the like of Ken Clayton, Frank Street, and Emory Tate. "I used to play the Polugaevsky
Variation of the Sicilian. Tate liked playing me because he liked to sac."
In his memoirs, he has a record of his encounters with a number of players including FM William Morrison and former
World Junior Champion, IM Mark Diesen. Charles' most memorable game was a 1979 encounter against NM Sam
Greenlaw in which he played the Center Counter (1.e4 d5!?). Greenlaw appeared insulted and starting slamming the
pieces. Despite building a strong position, Greenlaw overextended and lost. The disgruntled master tipped his king and
walked away without saying a word.
Besides his magic over the board, Charles had developed a penchant for making coins disappear, and performing elaborate
magical stunts. At age 13 or 14, he developed a fascination with magic after seeing the magician "Blackstone" on the Ed
Sullivan Show. Charles talked candidly about the origins of magic in ancient Kemet (Egypt) and mentioned that its
practitioners were burned at the stake for practicing "witchcraft." This happened until the late 1500s when Reginald Scott
demystified the craft by writing a book demonstrating the techniques.
Asked about his repertoire, Charles claimed, "A good magician can do any kind of trick. I just use whatever is around
me." He often attended Magician Conferences where magicians would do close-up shows and highlight up-and-coming
magicians. Megastar David Copperfield was often among the attendees.
More Tricks up his Sleeve
What else can this guy do? Well… he is an expert in 100-square checkers, a game that he says is equal or more complex
than chess. He mentions that players like Senegal's More Tricks up his Sleeve
What else can this guy do? Well… he is an expert in 100-square checkers, a game that he says is equal or more complex
than chess. He mentions that players like Senegal's Ndiaga Samb are among today's' rising young stars. He has played in
one 1997 tournament and was paired with 6-time World Champion, Iser Kuperman in the 1st round!! In that game,
Charles held his own, but fell into time pressure and blundered. However, he would score a respectable 3½-5½ in the
tournament against master opposition. He proudly speaks on some of the African checker geniuses, but in particular,
Senegalese Baba Sy.
"While walking through the villages of Dakar, a well-known Russian Grandmaster spotted Ba Ba Sy playing checkers.
When the two played each other the Russian Grandmaster was beaten easily by Ba Ba Sy's brilliant tactics. Ba Ba Sy was
invited to France where he won first place in the Championship of France in 1959. He then won almost every major
tournament in the early sixties, defeating the so-called "greatest" players of this century before his untimely death in
1978." (Covington, "Memoirs of an African American Master")
Charles Covington's excellence is a testament to his strong will, determination, and of course his wife of 36 years, Becky
Covington. He speaks fondly of his wife with the glee of a newlywed. Both Charles and Becky have been vegetarians for
25 years and when observing this couple, you'll see that this lifestyle has made them appear 15-20 years younger. The
couple has two daughters (Benita, 45 and Tracey, 35) and from listening to them talk about each other, one can tell the
two are truly "soul mates." Congratulations to Charles Covington, a chess master, world-class musician, master magician,
and proud husband!!
Interview composed from a phone interview to The Chess Drum magazine: 6 March 2002
Notes from The Kennedy Center website
"Charles Covington, Jr., is a professor of music at the Peabody Conservatory in Baltimore, Maryland. The pianist has been
the featured performer for President Carter at the White House and with George Benson on the Tonight Show with
Johnny Carson. Covington's career includes celebrity performances with the likes of Sammy Davis, Jr., Eartha Kitt, Larry
King, Henry Kissinger, Redd Foxx, and Flip Wilson. He has also been in concert with Sonny Stitt, Gene Ammons, Clark
Terry, Milt Jackson, Eddie Harris, Zoot Simms, Eddie "Cleanhead" Vincent, David "Fathead" Newman, J.J. Johnson, Kai
Winding, Herbie Hancock, Hank Jones, Dorothy Donnegan, Shirley Horn, B.B. King, and Chuck Berry.
The music director for "Jazz at Harbor Place" in Baltimore, Mr. Covington is also one of the top ten black chess players in
America and has a "Master Chess Player for Life" status granted by the Chess Federation of the United States. Additionally
he is a professional magician and has published a manuscript for magicians that is sold in magic shops nationwide, and, as
a professional visual artist, Mr. Covington specializes in portraits".
CHESTER ROGERS COVINGTON 25 October 2018
CHESTER ROGERS COVINGTON. Ref: 5145. Born: 6 Nov 1910 at Cairo IL. Father: Mark David, Father Ref: 16912.
Mother: Gilliam, Mattie Belle, Mother Ref: 16913. Died: 11 Jun 1976 at Pembroke Park FL aged 65. Mar: around 1934 at
U.S.A to Pugliese, Angelina 16927. Known as Chet or Chesty, he was a Major League Baseball pitcher who played for the
Philadelphia Phillies in 1944. The 33-year-old rookie, who had been The Sporting News Minor League Player of the Year
in 1943, was a native of Cairo, Illinois. Height 6ft 2ins, weight 195 lbs.
Covington is one of many ballplayers who only appeared in the major leagues during World War II. He made his major
league debut on April 23, 1944 in a doubleheader against the Boston Braves at Braves Field. His first and only major-league
win was in the first game of a doubleheader against the Braves at Shibe Park on April 30, 1944. He pitched in relief and
was the pitcher of record in a 14-inning, 2-1 victory.
For the season, part of which was spent in the minor leagues, he appeared in 19 games, all in relief, and had a 1-1 record
with 10 games finished. He allowed 20 earned runs in 38.2 innings pitched for a final ERA of 4.66.
CHRISTOPHER COVINGTON 25 October 2018
CHRISTOPHER COVINGTON. Ref: 16877. Born: around 1945 at Adelaide. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not
known, Mother Ref: 0. Chris Covington gave himself the stage name ‘Chris Kirby’ when he left school in Adelaide, South
Australia. And, by the time of his first identity crisis, his new label had gained him enough notoriety to make reverting to
the family name a bad career move.
His comedic skills had made him a popular teenage host on a daily t.v. kid’s show. He later moved to Sydney from where
he built a solid reputation on stage and television all around the country.
In the late Sixties he was asked to perform on the famed Ed Sullivan Show in New York. Then on to England where he
appeared on Sunday Night At The London Palladium, A Blackpool Summer Season with Tommy Cooper and touring with
In the early Seventies he continued his success in Australia touring as opening act for big names such as Tom Jones,
Shirley Bassey, Johnny Mathis, Charles Aznavour and a host of others. He worked with Hollywood song and dance man,
Donald O'Connor who invited him to the U.S. to open for him at Harrah's Club in Reno and with Tony Bennett in Lake
Chris lived in America for the next twelve years where he developed his acting and writing skills. He wrote under the
Covington by line, a way to keep his dual occupations separate. He made side trips home for concert and television
appearances. In 1974 he hosted The Chris Kirby Show a Saturday night talk show on Sydney’s Channel 9. Then back to
the U.S. and a burgeoning career – several acting roles, commercials, casino appearances, corporate presentations and his
own variety special on CBS.
Came the Eighties and Chris was invited back to Australia to appear on a Royal Variety Concert at the Opera House. On
another trip back he hosted a fifteen week comedy news series, Headlines, which he co-wrote with old friend, Larry
In the late 80’s he decided to return to Australia permanently where he pursued his writing and acting career. He had
developed a unique approach to the ventriloquism aspect of his work and he embarked on a search for a way to do
something innovative with it. Meanwhile, he co-wrote a stage play, The Total Eclipse of Toby Moon, wrote and
performed for the Corporate area, made numerous commercials for television, wrote another play, The Angel Key and
became a regular episode writer for Neighbours & E-Street. He developed a couple of sitcoms for Redlich Productions,
one of which was piloted by Channel Nine.
All this time his search for innovation continued. Something was gestating. The result is "LIPS". Now his two careers
have merged in this startling piece of tragi-comedy theatre which has delighted audiences and reviewers everywhere it has
He’s passionate about “LIPS” and says he has never enjoyed himself on stage so much in either of his lives.
CLARENCE OTTO COVINGTON 25 October 2018
CLARENCE OTTO COVINGTON. Ref: 5823. Born: 17 Dec 1892 at Henryville TN. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0.
Mother: not known, Mother Ref: 0. Died: 4 Jan 1963 at Denison TX aged 71. Known as Sam. Also shown name in some
records as Clarence Calvert Covington. Sibling: William Wilkes aka Tex Covington (5820)
Baseball Player with St Louis Browns in American League in 1913 and Boston Braves in National League 1917 & 1918.
Bats: Left, Throws: Right. Height: 6'1", Weight 190 lbs. Major League Debut: 25 Aug 1913.
CAREER STATISTICS - BATTING
Year Team Lge POS G AB R H 2B 3B HR RBI TB BB 1BB K HBP SH SF GDP
1913 StL AL 1B 20 60 3 9 0 1 0 4 11 4 0 6 0 2 0 0
1917 Bos NL 1B 17 66 8 13 2 0 1 10 18 5 0 5 1 3 0 0
1918 Bos NL 3 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Totals 40 129 11 23 2 1 1 14 30 9 0 11 1 5 0 0
Year Team Lge SB CS SB% AVG OBP SLG AB/HR AB/K
1913 StL AL 3 0 1.000 .150 .203 .183 ------- 10.0
1917 Bos NL 1 0 1.000 .197 .264 .273 66.0 13.2
1918 Bos NL 0 0 ------ .333 .333 .333 -------- ------
Totals 4 0 1.000 .178 .237 .233 129.0 11.7
DAMIEN COVINGTON 25 October 2018
DAMIEN COVINGTON. Ref: 5433. Born: Dec 1972 at Berlin NJ. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not known,
Mother Ref: 0. Died: 29 Nov 2002 at Lindenwold NJ aged 29. American NFL Pro Football Linebacker. HT: 5 ft 11 ins,
WT: 236 lbs. College: Overbrook, North Carolina State. NFL Years: 3, Selected by Buffalo Bills in third round (96th pick
overall) of 1995 NFL draft. Signed by Bills (July 5, 1995).1995-1996 Games Played/Started: 9/2, Career Games
Played/Started: 21/3, Playoff Games Played/Started: 3/1. Residence: Raleigh, CA.
Damien was signed to provide depth at the linebacker position. He has good speed and coverage skills, and plays as a
COVINGTON'S DEFENSIVE STATS
YEAR CLUB G/GS TT UT AT SACKS QB PRSINT PD FF FR
1995 Buffalo 13/1 25 10 15 0 0 0 0 0 0
1996 Buffalo 9/2 46 22 24 0 2 0 4 0 0
TOTALS 21/3 71 32 39 0 2 0 4 0 0
ADDITIONAL CAREER STATS: Special Teams Tackles:.Total20 (1996-5 UTs, 3 ATs on KO and 1 UT, 1 AT on punt;
1995-4 UTs, 5 ATs on KO and 1 AT on punt).
COVINGTON'S PLAYOFF STATS
YEAR GAME G/GS TT UT AT SACKS QB PR.INT PD FF FR
1995 MIAMI 1/0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1995 @Pitts. 1/0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1995 @Pitts. 1/1 12 6 6 1.0 0 0 0 0 0
TOTALS 3/1 13 7 6 1.0 0 0 0 0 0
ADDITIONAL PLAYOFF STATS: Special Teams Tackles. , Total-1 (1 AT on KO @ Pit)
PRO: Aggressive LB who plays the game with enthusiasm and excitement. Has a knack for always being around the ball
which he displays both at LB and on special teams. Worked his way into the starting lineup late in the '96 season. Was
Buffalo¹s 3-B selection (96th overall) in the 1995 draft.
1996: Was inactive for the first 5 games of the regular season. In his first game of the season he had a crushing tackle on
opening kickoff vs. Miami (10/13). Recorded his first defensive tackles of the season at New England. (10/27). Was
inactive for the 10th and 11th games of the year. Had a solid game at Indy (12/1) when he registered 3 TTs, 2 QB
pressures and one PD. Made a fantastic play at Seattle (12/8) when he hit RB on screen pass to break up pass and nearly
caused INT. Played his way into the starting lineup for his first start of the season at Miami (12/16) and nearly intercepted
his first pass on a tipped ball. Recorded 13 tackles in each of the season¹s last two regular season games, started his first
and appeared in his third career postseason game in Wildcard vs. Jacksonville (12/28). Recorded his first career sack on
blitz up the middle in the first quarter vs. Jaguars. Finished second on the team with 12 TTs vs. Jags.
1995: Saw reserve duty and played on special teams in his first NFL game at Denver (9/3). Was inactive for the next three
games of the season. Recorded his first professional defensive tackle at New England (10/23). Made a ferocious hit on
kickoff coverage at Indy (11/5). Played majority of Atlanta game (11/12) at ILB for an injured Cornelius Bennett. Started
his first career game and led the team with a career-high 13 tackles vs. Houston (12/24). Saw action on special teams in
both playoff games.
COLLEGE/PERSONAL: was the mainstay of the Wolfpack defense for 3 seasons. Holds the school's all-time record with
457 tackles. All-ACC first-team pick in '94. Defensive Player of the Game after recording 6 solo hits in the Peach Bowl his
senior season. All-ACC first-team pick after leading his team and ranking 3rd in the conference with 133 tackles. Earned
sophomore All-American 3rd team from Football News in '92 after ranking second in ACC with 149 tackles in '92. Earned
his 1st career start vs North Carolina and recorded 16 tackles in '92. Was selected as ACC Defensive Lineman of the
Week as he posted a career-high 23 tackles and retur ned an INT 27 yards for a TD in the win over Duke in 1992. Played
in 10 games as a valuable reserve in his freshman season of '91. Performed on the Wolfpack wrestling team. Member of
the '92 squad that finished 9th in the NCAA Championship. Was an All-American HM selection at Overbrook (Berlin, NJ)
High where he led his team to the Group III state title as a senior. Won NJ Wrestler of the Year honors from the
Philadelphia Inquirer, posting a 36-0 record with 29 pins in the 189-pound class. Also chosen as the Outstanding Wrestler
of the state meet, earning All-American honors. Majored in Humanities and Social Studies.
"Bills' Covington back strong after career-threatening injury" - Copyright © 1998 Associated Press
FREDONIA, N.Y. (Jul 28, 1998 - 15:40 EDT) -- When Damien Covington tore a nerve in his knee eight months ago, he
wasn't supposed to be able to walk normally again, much less play football.
Despite the fact that his name is not in the Buffalo Bills media guide or on the training-camp roster, Covington takes the
field each day with the goal of earning his starting job back.
The Bills advised Covington to retire after he injured himself in a non-contact practice drill Oct. 30. Buffalo let the 25-year-
old become a free agent in February, one month before he was to undergo surgery.
"The overall consensus was that if he had to have the operation ... it would only help him slightly and that he would have
trouble walking," Buffalo coach Wade Phillips said Tuesday. "The operation was supposed to help him be able to walk the
rest of his life, not play football. But he's proving that wrong."
Covington's rapid recovery from the surgery had a half-dozen teams interested in his services, including the defending
Super Bowl champion Denver Broncos, but the fourth-year pro decided to re-sign with the Bills last week.
"The recovery went so well and I feel like I am 100 percent now," Covington said after practicing Tuesday. "I came back
here because these guys knew me well and if I did have any holdups, they were willing to work with me."
After playing sparingly his first two seasons, Covington had a breakthrough first half of the season in 1997 and was tied
for the team lead with 97 tackles when his foot jammed into the turf and he had to be carried off the field on a stretcher.
Covington was coming off his best game -- when he had 20 solo tackles and four assists in a 23-20 overtime loss to
Denver. Just four games earlier, he had 22 tackles in a victory over Indianapolis.
With the announcement last week that Buffalo starting linebacker Chris Spielman will sit out this season to help his wife
fight breast cancer, Covington's road to reclaiming his old spot got a little easier.
"I'm not going try and replace Chris," Covington said. "I'm just going to play my type of football. It just so happens that I
play Chris Spielman-type football."
Covington will have to beat out fellow 1995 draft pick and projected starter John Holecek and rookie second-rounder Sam
Cowart. Holecek started the final eight games in Covington's place and Cowart has looked sharp early in training camp.
"Damien's looked good so far and I can't see any noticeable difference from when he was playing last year," said Phillips.
"He seems to be doing the same things in practice and I just want to get him into game situations and see if he can do the
same things he did before."
By JEFF GOODMAN, Associated Press Writer
"Ex-Bills LB Covington shot to death"
Damien Covington, a former linebacker for the Buffalo Bills, was shot to death by robbers Friday night during a party at an
Covington tried to fight off an assailant before being shot several times, Bill Shralow, a spokesman for the Camden County
Prosecutor's Office, said Saturday.
Investigators believe the gunmen were "looking for something of value inside the apartment. They're not sure what,"
Shralow told the Courier-Post of Cherry Hill.
Covington, 29, died at the scene. He did not live at the apartment, Shralow said.
Gunmen also shot at a second person at the party, but the bullets missed. The suspects fled and police have not released
Covington, a star linebacker in the early '90s at North Carolina State, spent the 1995 and 1996 seasons with the Bills. His
career was cut short in 1997 by a knee injury.
Covington was an All South Jersey sports star at Overbrook High School. He recently returned to his home state from
"Covington remembered for hard work and talent "
By WALT BURROWS
Gary Worthington remembers Damien Covington as a person who earned everything he got through hard work. ``Nothing
was given to Damien,'' said Worthington, who graduated from Overbrook High School in 1987 and is now the wrestling
coach at Eastern.
``He worked hard and transferred it into success," Worthington said. "It's unbelievable that something like this should
happen to such a young person.''
Covington was shot and killed in a fight with armed robbers at the Coachman Manor Apartments in Lindenwold late Friday
DAN COVENTON 25 October 2018
DAN COVENTON. Ref: 7721. Born: around 1957 at U.S.A.. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not known,
Mother Ref: 0. Mar: during 1978 at Honduras to Mary Lu 7802. We left Tulsa, Oklahoma in August of 1974 to study
Spanish at King's Way Missionary Institute, a language school in McAllen, Texas, as a response to God's call on our lives
to serve in missions in Latin America. In February 1976, we arrived in Honduras, Central America.
From the beginning, God clearly directed us that our mission was not to start new churches, but rather He was calling us
to help strengthen already established churches. We have been fulfilling that call ever since; serving first in San Pedro Sula
and then in Gualaco, Olancho.
In 1982 we began working with Amor Viviente, a growing group of churches in Honduras. For twelve years we worked
in Tegucigalpa, the capital city of Honduras, where we played an active part in the integral growth of the Tegucigalpa
congregation, not only in the main areas of our ministry, but also participating at different times in other ministries
wherever God opened a door for service (home groups, intercessory prayer, Bible teaching, counseling, etc.). We have
seen the church grow from 400 to more than 4000 believers and we have trained leaders to continue with our local work.
The church in Tegucigalpa has nearly 500 home groups throughout the city. Most new believers are added to the church
through home group evangelism; home groups being the back bone of church growth in all the Amor Viviente
In 1982 we established the first Christian Print Shop in Honduras which has grown into the Interdenominational Christian
Education Center (ICEC), providing audio, video and printed teaching materials to churches throughout the country.
During our annual week of prayer and fasting in January 1988, the Lord spoke to us about starting a Christian Radio
Station in Tegucigalpa. For the next several months we worked and prayed to make this vision a reality. In early 1989 I
left my work with the ICEC in the hands of people I had trained and moved full-time into the position of Technical
Director of our Radio station where I continued preparations for getting on-the-air.
In June 1989 we took a step of faith by purchasing our equipment and in September our radio station license received
approval. After remodeling the studios and installing the equipment, we went on-the-air December 22, 1989. Difusora
Cristiana de Radio (DCR) 940 kHz AM, is a Christian station that reaches the one million people of Tegucigalpa with the
good news of Jesus Christ.
Part of our vision was to establish stations in major cities of Honduras. In late 1992, two more stations were added: FM
103 in Tegucigalpa and 1520 AM in San Pedro Sula, the second largest city in Honduras. In February 1994 our newest
station, FM 104 signed on in the coastal city of La Ceiba. I am the Technical Director of what is now known as "Sistema
DCR", four Christian radio stations with well over two million people in our listening area. It is important to note that,
though I did all the planning and installation of these stations, the Amor Viviente churches in Honduras financed them
without outside help.
DEAN PHILIP STANHOPE COVINGTON 25 October 2018
DEAN PHILIP STANHOPE COVINGTON. Ref: 16894. Born: 28 Nov 1912 at Moultrie GA. Father: not known, Father
Ref: 0. Mother: not known, Mother Ref: 0. Died: during 1988 at Georgia GA aged 75. Full name Dean Philip Stanhope
Sheffield Covington. Known as Dean or Philip or Phil.
Born in Moultrie, Georgia, Dean Covington graduated from Emory University in 1934 and embarked upon the study of
law. He practiced law for three years in Georgia before deciding to pursue teaching and graduate study in English. After
he earned a master’s degree in English at Duke University, he taught in Florida and in Charleston, SC before becoming
associate professor of English at Wofford in 1947.
Three years later, he took on the thankless job of dean of students, and in 1953, new president Pendleton Gaines named
him dean of the college. When President Gaines resigned abruptly in 1957, the trustees turned to Dean Covington, naming
him acting president until they could bring Dr. Charles Marsh to campus in 1958. As chief academic officer from 1953
to 1969, Phil Covington hired a generation of faculty members, all of whom are now retired. He had a particular knack for
picking professors, and most famously, hired geologist John Harrington after sitting next to him on an airplane.
Phil Covington was more than an administrator and teacher, he was a lover of tradition, skillful in the use of words, and by
all accounts, a clever and engaging member of the community. Though he respected tradition and later in life said he
wanted nothing about Wofford to change, he could poke fun at tradition and never took himself or his office too seriously.
The stories of him are numerous and humorous, and according to Dr. Lewis Jones “not more than a third of them are
apocryphal.” One of my favorites is the oft-repeated tale of how he was asked how he determined faculty salaries, and
after staring out the window for a moment, he replied that he observed the flights of birds. Another favorite is the story
about low enrollment in one particular department – he was overheard to say, as he looked out his office window, “I
wonder what Dan Olds and his physics student are doing today.” Most of those stories, unfortunately, were never
He created a few euphemisms that remain with us today. “The Wofford Way” is attributed to him. He meant it not
entirely as a compliment. He meant it in sort of an English way of “muddling through.” His founder’s day addresses were
the stuff of legend. He once gave a talk about Benjamin Wofford’s bones. A Shakespearean scholar, naturally he chose
Mark Antony’s funeral oration in Julius Caesar as his text. (Keep an eye out, in a few weeks I’ll post the talk on
Founder’s Day this year.) Despite poking fun at Old Ben every now and then, he had a great respect for the college’s
founder, saying that his “very action in founding this college was a profession of faith in the eternal verities.”
At Dean Covington’s funeral in 1988, Dr. Lewis Jones quoted a 1951 Old Gold and Black story that began, “’On
November 28, 1912, the population of Moultrie, Georgia was increased, for better or worse, by one.’ We know now—it
was for better.”
DENNIS COVINGTON 25 October 2018
DENNIS COVINGTON. Ref: 5831. Born: 30 Oct 1948 at Birmingham AL. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not
known, Mother Ref: 0. Mar: around 1990 at U.S.A. to Vicki 5814. Author. He studied fiction writing, and earned a BA
degree from the University of Virginia. He served in the US Army. He earned an MFA in the early 1970s, from the Iowa
Writers' Workshop studying under Raymond Carver. He taught English at the College of Wooster. He married his second
wife, writer Vicki Covington, in 1977. The couple returned to Birmingham the following year, and he began teaching at the
University of Alabama at Birmingham.
In 1983, Dennis Covington went to El Salvador as a freelance journalist. In 2003, he became Professor of Creative Writing
at Texas Tech University. In 2005, he was a judge for the National Book Awards.
Works include: Lasso the Moon (New York 1991 - Lizard, Delacorte Press), Salvation on Sand Mountain (snake handling
and redemption in Southern Appalachia) - (Reading, Mass 1995 - Addison Wesley) also Cleaving: the story of a marriage
(New York 1999 - North Point Press) co-written with wife Vicki.
SYNOPSIS OF "Lizard" PLAY
The story revolves around the life of a thirteen-year-old boy named Lucius Sims from De Ridder, Louisiana. Lucius
suffers form several deformities including an Illness, which cause his eyes to be more on the sides of his head than
normal. He is sent to a state school for retarded boys because his guardian, Miss Cooley, does not know how a child with
such severe physical disabilities can function in a normal environment. While at the school, he is given the nickname
"Lizard" due to his awkward appearance. Lizard escapes the school with a couple of actors who are traveling to
Birmingham, Alabama to perform The Tempest. He joins the actors on their journey and decides to take the role of Caliban
in the production. Through his work on the play, Lizard proves his capacity to learn, understand, perform, and empathize
with one of Shakespeare's greatest Characters. This type of amazing discovery is indicative of the energetic teenage boy
living inside a twisted body.
Lizard is a very unique play on many levels. The tie to Shakespeare, and particularly the character of Caliban in The
Tempest, is Covington's ingenious device to show us that being different is literally in the eyes of the beholder. While this
is a touching play, it is also a comic throughout and yet it deals with some very serious issues such as alcoholism, racism,
civil rights, and those magical days of yesteryear-the seventies. It is a must see for audiences young and old.
ABOUT THE PLAYWRIGHT:
Alabama Author Dennis Covington's award -winning young adult novel, LIZARD, was adapted for production at the
Alabama Shakespeare Festival as part of the Southern Writers' Project in 1994. Last year, the ASF production of LIZARD
was selected to perform at the Olympic Arts Festival in Atlanta, Georgia. Since that time, Covington won the Barrie Stavis
Playwriting Award for Best New Play of the Year (Lizard) at the National Theatre Conference in New York City.
His latest book entitled SALVATION ON SAND MOUNTAIN was among the finalists for the prestigious National Book
Award for 1995. In addition, Covington has published another young adult novel, LASSO THE MOON, which was
published in 1995. Currently, he directs the creative writing program at the University of Alabama at Birmingham and
works as a journalist, writing about the South for the New York Times. Covington is married to novelist Vicki Covington,
and the two have plans to publish two new works in the near future. The SITP/TWU production of LIZARD will mark the
Texas premiere of the play.
INTERVIEW WITH Brett Grainger and Rose Marie Berger
Did you ever get bored in church as a kid? Did you hide comic books or crossword puzzles in your Bible case to combat
the boredom of a stale sermon? Well, they don’t have that problem at the church Dennis Covington used to go to.
While writing his book Salvation on Sand Mountain (Viking-Penguin, 1996; see review in March-April 1996), Dennis
Covington attended a church where members of the congregation drink strychnine from mason jars and handle poisonous
In person, Covington does not come across as the sort of guy who would handle lethal objects by choice. But he’s no
stranger to danger. Covington made 12 trips to El Salvador as a journalist, often working amid intense crossfire during the
war. Now back in his hometown of Birmingham, Alabama, the soft-spoken college instructor and author is one of the
most exciting new voices in Southern writing. His prose is lyrical, compassionate, and full of the musicality that defines
Southern speech and experience.
Covington is currently busy at work on two new projects. With his wife, Vicki, he is co-writing a book describing their
well- drilling trip to Belize this summer. Dennis is also working on a new book for Viking-Penguin.
While on tour promoting Salvation on Sand Mountain (which was a finalist for the National Book Award), Covington took
time out from his hectic schedule to speak with us about writing, faith, and worship after snake-handling. Staff members
Brett Grainger and Rose Marie Berger interviewed Covington in the back room of a Washington, D.C. bookstore in April.
Brett Grainger: You have a wonderful ear for language. While reading Salvation on Sand Mountain, I recited much of it
aloud to a friend. I was struck that it sounded as if it had been written to be read aloud. Was this intentional on your part?
If so, do you think there is any conscious link between this style of writing and the content or theme of your story?
Dennis Covington: I think there is. I found myself writing sometimes in the cadences I heard in the snake-handling
churches. The preaching is so musical and rhythmic and poetic. I think I patterned my own style after that…and after the
language of the New Testament.
I was reading the New Testament while I was writing the book—it was the only thing I was reading. I had never read it
before. Even though I had been raised in the church, I had never just read the New Testament. It was a revelation for me.
Grainger: So you feel that reading the New Testament at the same time influenced the style of the book?
Covington: I think so. Some of the musicality of the text transferred to the book. I can’t read the Bible in other translations
[than the King James Version] now. I’m aware of the missing element. And, of course, the handlers won’t…nothing else
is the Bible.
Grainger: In your book you write, “At the heart of the impulse to tell stories is a mystery so profound that even as I begin
to speak of it, the hairs on the back of my hand are starting to stand on end.” What, for you, is at the center of this
mystery, this deep human impulse to tell stories?
Covington: That is how the gospel came to us—in the form of a story—and I don’t know why. Why did God choose that
as the means? Stories make sense of our experience, clearly.
In that passage I was talking about the writer’s uncanny ability to see the past, present, and future at the same time. For
God that’s no problem; it all is the same, you know: The past is here and now, as is the present. Artists simply tap into
something of a spiritual nature when we write a story and, unknown to us sometimes, we’re also tapping into the past and
Grainger: In the May-June 1996 issue of Sojourners, we focused specifically on the relationship between religious faith
and creativity. What is the connection for you between your faith and your vocation as a writer?
Covington: I’ve thought a lot about that, but I don’t know whether I can articulate my thoughts. Madeleine L’Engle has a
wonderful book called Walking on Water about this, and I am probably plagiarizing her when I say that we are called—as
artists, as writers—to do an impossible thing; we’re called to step out on the water and walk on it. This requires a
surrendering of self. It requires listening to the work. Most of all, it requires faith that the one who began this good thing
in us is going to bring it to completion.
Writers are here for a purpose—to write. When we’re not writing, we’re in trouble. When we are writing, we are fulfilling
a higher obligation.
Grainger: I’m interested in the connection you draw between your experience as a journalist in Latin America and your
time among the snake handlers. In both situations a people historically oppressed, a people familiar with intense poverty
and suffering, rely on their religious faith as a means to transform their suffering.
Do you feel it is a common source or common well that people can tap into in these situations? It’s interesting that you
write that they started handling snakes only when they came down from the mountain, when they encountered the
Covington: I’m glad you got that. A lot of people don’t understand what I was driving at there: Running smack up against
a culture that seems to have lost its sense of the sacred causes spiritual people to reach deep inside themselves and their
faith to find something that is actually of lasting and permanent value.
Way back in the hills, they don’t handle the snakes. It’s on that border; it’s when they come down. And many of the
people in the snake-handling churches are actually more “worldly,” having adapted to some of the cultural forms. They
have VCRs and cars; they like to watch themselves on television.
But there’s nothing that will keep somebody at bay any better than a rattlesnake. If you hold up a rattlesnake, you’re
ensured that you’re going to be insulated from that, whatever it is.
Grainger: How do you worship now?
EDWARD COVINGTON 25 October 2018
EDWARD COVINGTON. Ref: 14421. Born: during 1973 at U.S.A. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not known,
Mother Ref: 0. Fox Tampa Reports "Arrest in Lutz triple murder", Updated: Thursday, 15 May 2008, 2:01 PM EDT,
Published : Thursday, 15 May 2008, 2:01 PM EDT
Tampa - Deputies have made an arrest in connection with a gruesome triple murder in Lutz FL
35-year-old Edward Covington is charged with three counts of first degree murder, three counts of abuse of dead human
bodies, one count of cruelty to animals, and one count of violating probation.
He is charged with the murders of Lisa Freiberg and her two children, 7-year-old Zachary and 2-year-old Heather
Savannah. Their bodies were discovered inside their mobile home on Mobile Villa Drive in Lutz on Monday.
Hillsborough Chief Deputy Jose Docobo said there was a substantial amount of physical evidence linking Covington to the
three deaths. Docobo also said Covington admitted his involvement in the murders.
'Absolutely horrific' crime scene - Investigators said the three victims were mutilated and dismembered. Sheriff David
Gee said that at least one of the victims was decapitated. Docobo also said the crime scene was among the most horrific
scenes he and many other investigators had ever seen. "It has been very, very difficult for investigators and everyone
involved. It's absolutely horrific to have top deal with this type of crime," Docobo said.
Docobo said the murders occurred Sunday morning. Covington stayed in the house until Monday when deputies found
him hiding in the house.
The family's dog was also found dead inside the home. The sheriff said more than one weapon was used in the murder.
Covington's arrest report showed that he tested positive for cocaine.
Victim's parents were worried - In a brief conversation with FOX 13 Wednesday, Freiberg's parents described her as "a
loving person," saying "she gave her heart; she gave her life."
Lisa's mom Barbara and dad Keith also indicated they wondered about their daughter's new boyfriend -- the man deputies
found hiding in a closet just steps away from three mutilated, dismembered, and decapitated bodies.
The Freibergs said they looked online for information about Edward Covington, digging as deep as a private investigator
would. "We did everything we could," they said.
Suspect is former prison guard - Covington is the son of an officer who worked in Florida law enforcement for more than
ten years himself. Covington is a former prison guard.
Detectives say he choked, beat, stabbed, dismembered and mutilated Frieburg, and both of her children the morning of
Then he hid in their closet until deputies found him the following day. Detectives say he went on and on about how he did
it, but wouldn't say why he did it.
He did say he sold his motorcycle for some crack the week before, and he tested positive for cocaine the day after the
murders. His family said he was bi-polar, and a bay area doctor said he had called her to join a study on bi-polar illness. He
had been baker-acted for mutilating his cats, but never prosecuted. Attorneys say that's not unusual. They say back then
he needed therapy more than prison. "Quite frankly the problem is more than killing cats. He didn't get help when he
needed it," said Stephen Crawford, a local defense attorney.
EDWARD THOMAS ORD COVENTON 25 October 2018
EDWARD THOMAS ORD COVENTON. Ref: 1699. Born: 15 Apr 1853 at Liverpool. Father: Josiah, Father Ref: 668.
Mother: Freeman, Susannah, Mother Ref: 4295. Died: 8 Sep 1932 at Glendale CA aged 79. Mar: 5 Oct 1875 at Ogden,
Weber UT to Tyrrell, Henrietta 6116. One of the original Utah Mormon Pioneer Overland Travellers (1847-1868).
Son of Susan Freeman Covington. The Covington family crossed the ocean by way of the ship General McClellan.,
immigration to US in 1860. Travelled to Utah with family on the Joseph S. Rawlins Company (1864). In 1870, Edward
lived in the household of his mother in Utah.
Some records show name as Edwin Thomas Covington. Buried 13 Sep 1932 at Ogden Cemetery, Weber, Utah, USA
Elizabeth Ann COVINGTON 25 October 2018
Elizabeth Ann COVINGTON. Ref: 12065. Born: 27 Apr 1820 at Marlboro Co SC. Father: Thomas, John Pledger, Father
Ref: 0. Mother: Sarah, Mother Ref: 0. Died: 7 Dec 1847 at Salt Lake City UT aged 27. Mar: 2 Feb 1839 at Rockingham
NC to Robert Dockery 11745. One of the original Utah Mormon Pioneer Overland Travellers (1847-1868).
Pioneer Indexes, Washington County UT 1852-1870 suggests she was born in Cheshire England.
Accompanied by her husband & family she set off with Edward Hunter/Jacob Foutz Company for California (1847). 155
individuals and 59 wagons were in the company when it began its journey from the outfitting post on the Elkhorn River
about 27 miles west of Winter Quarters, Nebraska on 24 June 1847 arriving in Sacramento 1 Oct 1847. Died soon after
arriving in Sacramento CA.
Elizabeth COVINGTON 25 October 2018
Elizabeth COVINGTON. Ref: 4216. Born: 29 Oct 1793 at Bedford. Father: Hodges, Richard, Father Ref: 0. Mother: Hill,
Elizabeth, Mother Ref: 0. Died: 13 Oct 1881 at Ogden, Weber UT aged 87. Mar: 8 Nov 1812 at Bedford St Paul to Berrill
2505. One of the original Utah Mormon Pioneer Overland Travellers (1847-1868).
Christened 4th Jan 1794, Buried 15th Oct 1881. Travelled to Utah with family on the Abraham Owen Smoot Compoany
EMILY JANE COVINGTON 25 October 2018
EMILY JANE COVINGTON. Ref: 12994. Born: 1 Jan 1843 at Summerville MS. Father: Robert Dockery, Father Ref:
11745. Mother: Thomas, Elizabeth Ann, Mother Ref: 12065. Died: 4 Mar 1921 at Taylor UT aged 78. Mar: 17 Oct 1858
at Washington Co UT to Farr, Winslow . One of the original Utah Mormon Pioneer Overland Travellers (1847-1868).
Biographical Sketh by Great Granddaughter Wilma Susan Harris Smith:
Emily Jane Covington, a New Year's child, was born January 1, 1843 in Summerville, Noxubee Country, Mississippi. She
was the Great Great Great Granddaughter of William Covington. William Covington and his younger brothers, John and
Thomas Covington, came from England to Maryland with Lord Baltimore in 1632. The brothers had received land grants
in Maryland and Virginia from the King of England. William and Thomas moved on and settled in North Carolina.
Emily Jane's father, Robert Dockery Covington, was born August 20, 1815 in Rockingham, Richmond country, North
Carolina. He attended school in Rockingham where he obtained a college education. Emily Jane's mother, Elizabeth
Thomas, was born April 29, 1820 in Marlborough County, South Carolina.
Robert D. Covington and Elizabeth Ann Thomas married in about 1838 or 1839. Soon after their marriage they moved
with Robert's father, Thomas B. Covington, to Summerville, Noxubee County, Mississippi.
With the help of slave labor, the Covingtons established a large successful plantation in Summerville. Here three children
were born to Robert and Elizabeth Ann. John Thomas, August 7, 1840; Emily Jane, January 1, 1843; and Sarah Ann,
February 2, 1845. Sarah Ann died the same year in 1845.
During this time period many of the Thomas family, relatives of Elizabeth Ann Thomas, had also moved to Summerville,
Noxubee County, Mississippi. Some of the Covington and Thomas families attended Gospel meetings which were
presented by Mormon missionaries. Robert D. Covington and Elizabeth Ann Covington were baptized February 3, 1843.
Robert D. Covington's father, brothers and sisters disapproved of their new religion. Robert D. Covington was eventually
In 1845, Robert D. and Elizabeth Ann Covington left Mississippi and joined the Saints in Nauvoo, Illinois. After just two
years in Nauvoo, the Covington family joined the great Mormon Westward migration. Travelling by wagon train they
headed toward the great Salt Lake Valley. They travelled in Edward Hunter's Company under the leadership of Captain
Daniel Thomas. Emily Jane was 4 years old. The wagon train endured rain, hail storms, dust storms, lack of good water
and wood to burn.
Indians often followed the group and sometimes approached their camp to beg or trade for food. On one occasion the
travelers had stopped to repair wagons near a growth of wild currant bushes. Emily Jane and her older brother John were
given an empty lard bucket and sent to pick the ripe currants. When their container was about full, several Indians reared
up from hiding with a loud war whoop. The frightened children dropped the bucket and ran for camp. When they looked
back the Indians had retrieved the currants and were laughing at their big joke. The Indians, on several occasions,
stampeded their cattle. However, the Mormon leaders tried to maintain a friendly relationships as no one wanted a hostile
confrontation with the Indian followers.
Somewhere near what is now known as Scotts Bluff, Nebraska, Elizabeth Ann gave birth to her last child, Robert
Laborious on August 1, 1847. After traversing the last of the cold, slow and rough miles through the mountains, the
Hunter Company arrived in Salt Lake Valley on September 27, 1847. Elizabeth was frail and weakened from the hardships
of the journey. She fell ill of a severe respiratory infection and died December 7, 1847.
Robert moved his family to the cottonwood settlement located just south of Salt Lake City. He became the school teacher
and was called Professor Covington by the community. He accumulated land and livestock and married twice more. His
second wife was Melinda Allison Kelly. His third wife was Nancy Roberts. In April of 1857 Robert D. and a number of
other men from the Southern States were called by President Brigham Young to travel to Southern Utah to establish a new
settlement on the Virgin River. At the age of 14, Emily Jane Covington was one of the 160 men, women and children who
were called to move 330 miles to Southern Utah to establish a new Mormon settlement.
The phrase "I was Called to Dixie" became the by-word of the hardy pioneers who journeyed and stayed to establish the
communities of Washington and St. George in Southern Utah. Like the true Dixie of the Southern United States, they
planted cotton, sugar cane, tobacco and later alfalfa, vineyards and peach trees.
Winslow Farr, Jr., resided with his father and mother, Winslow Farr, Sr. and Olive Hovey Farr on their farm in the
cottonwood settlement. Winslow, Jr. describes his journey to Cotton country:
September 27, 1858: I started with a horse team for the Cotton Country the distance of 330 miles.
After describing his 11 day journey, he continued in his diary:
October 8, 1858: I arrived at my place of destination down in cotton country on the 8th of October in good health. My
animals stood the trip first rate.
On the 17th of October 1858 at eleven o'clock a.m., I was married to Emily Jane Covington the daughter of Robert D. &
Elizabeth Covington Washington City Washington County Utah. I help to make molasses while was there from sugar cane
(Diary of Winslow Farr, Jr. 1856-1899, Page 42).
At the time of their marriage Winslow Farr Jr., was 21 and Emily Jane Covington was 15. Ten days later the newlyweds
began their journey back to Winslow's parents home in the Cottonwood settlement.
October 27, 1858: I with my wife started for G.S. Lake the distance of 330 miles arrived there on the 10th of November
in good health I am living with my father the following season I farmed my fathers place for one third of the crop he
helping what he as able and boarded (sic) us till harvest wheat crops did not do very well this year. I raised for my share
105 bushels of wheat 30 bushels of corn 20 bushels of potatoes and I do not know as this will ever be any (good?) to any
one but to my mind I do write as these things present. (Diary of Winslow Farr, Jr. 1856-1899, Page 45).
On November 9th of 1859 Winslow and his wife started by team and wagon for Southern Utah to await the birth of their
Washington County February 3, 1860 : "at 2 o'clock p.m. our first child was born Winslow Robert. (Diary of Winslow
Farr, Jr. 1856-1899, Page 45).
Winslow Farr, Jr. helped his father-in-law, Robert D. Covington, quarry sandstone and build a stone wall. In addition,
Winslow drove cattle to mountain pastures, hauled seed cotton to the gin, helped bail cotton and plant trees. He also
worked for others in exchange for cotton and molasses. On April 24, 1860, their wagons loaded with 100 bales of cotton
and 42 gallons of molasses, the young couple headed out for the return journey to the Salt Lake Valley.
Winslow's brother, Lorin Farr, the Mayor of Ogden and the Church President for Weber County, recruited and called the
young couple to help establish a new Mormon settlement in Northern Utah. By January of 1861 Winslow and Emily Jane
moved to a community known as Mendon, Cache Valley, Utah. They lived in Mendon for a season and then sold the small
farm and moved on to Paradise, Cache Valley, Utah.
Emily Jane's first home in Paradise was a single room "dugout" in the side of a hill. A fireplace, located at one end held an
iron kettle for cooking in addition to providing heat for the one large room. Their children, Emily Olive Farr, LaFayette
Thomas Farr and Lorin Freeman Farr were born in this "dugout" home. Winters were severe, often with four to five feet
of snow. Emily Jane told her grandchildren of times when young people, would sleigh ride right over the top of their
During the time when Emily Jane and Winslow lived in Paradise, Winslow Farr, Jr. was selected as Captain in the
Minutemen Militia. The Militia, organized into groups of men to work in the fields, and to provide protection from Indians
who would often raid the settlement for cattle and horses.
As was the custom, the pioneers often took time out from their work for entertainment. The Mormon families, traveling
by wagons or bobsleds, would gather from miles around. They made beds for the younger children and would dance until
the wee hours of the morning. Winslow, who had a saying "I am not a musician, I just love to fiddle around" was always
called upon to play his violin for these social occasions. After breakfast they harnessed their teams and headed their
wagons toward home.
In March of 1882, the U.S. Congress passed the Edmunds-Tucker Act which outlawed the practice of polygamy. By
1884, government agents were gathering evidence and issuing warrants for the arrest of many of the Mormon
In October of 1885, while Winslow was at work at the ZCMI Co-op in Ogden, the underground sent word that the U.S.
Marshals were on their way to place him under arrest. He made his escape by being nailed inside a wooden box which was
taken away by team and wagon. Winslow was taken to the home of Simon Halverson in the Marriott settlement. Winslow
fled with his third wife, Matilda Halverson Farr, and their children to San Juan County in Southern Utah. Later they
moved to an area near Cortez, Colorado. After two years of self-imposed exile, Winslow returned to Utah in November of
1887 to give himself up to the Federal authorities.
FROM WINSLOW FARR JR.'S DIARY:
November 1887 : "We arrived in Ogden all safe in November after having quite a pleasant trip. But some cold weather
some 500 hundred miles of travel Br J. T. Johnson and family accompanied us on our journey. Found the rest of my
family all well at Ogden I did not come out in public but kept quiet as I wanted to arrange my business to stand my trial in
court as there was an inditment (sic) against me I then with my attorneys went up to court and gave myself up to the
marshalls they then wanted bonds Br Barnard White William H Wright were my Bondsman I was then released to go
where I pleased I then went to work for the co-op till my trial came on which was May 1888 I was then sentenced to 6
months imprisonment and $300 fine and cost of Court by Judge Henderson for keeping my Covenants with my wifes (sic)
for unlawful cohabitations I had the privlege (sic) to obey the law and be released but I prefered (sic) Prison walls rather
then to abandon my wifes (sic) that god had given me or to go back on my children and religion In the evening myself and
Br Lorenzo Waldron were taken by a deputy marshal to the Utah Territorial Penetentiary for the term of 6 months" (Diary
of Winslow Farr, Jr. 1856-1899, Page 72)".
Winslow stood trial in the First District Court on May 27, 1888, Docket No. 815. Emily Jane and Melvina were
subpoenaed to testify. Emily Jane was called as the States first witness. She claimed the privilege of exemption from
testifying, as she was the legal wife; therefore, she was excused. Winslow was convicted of unlawful cohabitation and
was sentenced to six months in the Utah Territorial Penitentiary with a fine of $300.00.
When Winslow was released from prison, November 24, 1888, the Ogden Third Ward, where he was a bishop, gave him
a grand reception and welcome home party.
Winslow with his wives, Melvina and Matilda, and their children left Ogden in August of 1890. They joined other Mormon
families on their journey to establish farms in Mexico. The families arrived in September at Colonia Diaz, a Mormon
settlement which had been established in 1885. The Farr's and all of the new arrivals spent the winter living in tents.
January 1891: "We all moved up to Colonia Dublan and laid out a new town bought some land of the Mexicans and got
ready to farm and put in a small crop."
Colonia Dublan is located about 150 miles south of Deming New Mexico and 170 miles from El Paso, Texas. To make the
trip to Dublan, from Deming, and return by team and wagon required at least 8 days of hard tedious travel.
A railroad was not built until 1897 and then it was still 12 miles beyond Dublan. The railroad eventually extended through
Dublan and became a great benefit for travel and marketing the colony's farm products.
Winslow returned to Ogden in the fall of 1892 with his wife Matilda and her children. Melvina with her children remained
in Colonia Dublan. Upon arriving in Ogden Winslow rented a home for his wife Matilda and enrolled their children in
school. Dividing his time between Emily Jane's farm in West Weber and Matilda's home in Ogden, Winslow spent the
following spring and summer in Utah. Emily Jane was a charter member of the West Weber Relief Society which was
created February 17, 1893. By 1895, the relief society had raised the funds and built a granary for the storage of wheat for
the Bishop's storehouse. The grain was used as seed crops for the farmers in time of crop failure and was also used for
donations to the needy in times of disaster.
On October 28, 1893 Winslow with his wife Matilda and their children, joined four other families in seven wagons, with
500 head of "loose stock", and headed for the long journey to Dublan Mexico. Subsequent return trips to Odgen, to visit
his family in West Weber, were easier and affordable, when his brother Lorin Farr provided a railroad pass.
January 1, 1897 : "My wife Emily's birthday is today. She is fifty-four years old."
In April of 1897 Sariah Farr, wife of Emily and Winslow's son, Lorin Farr, became suddenly ill. The doctors diagnosed
her condition as "brain fever".
April 12, 1897: "Raked all the brush from under the trees administered to my son's wife Sariah who is very sick and stayed
a short time by her bedside".
April 13,14,15,16 "waited on the sick did not have my clothes of(f) for 3 days and nights. My son Lorin sent for Doctor
Rich He pronounced it brain fever".
April 19, 1897 : "My daughter-in-law is about the same, not much change. We all gathered around the bedside and prayed
for her. She seemed a little better."
April 20, 1897 : "Quite stormy and windy. My daughter-in-law not so well, delirious and out of her mind. Sent for Dr.
Rich and he brought another man with him to consult. I sat up with her tonight."
April 21, 1897 : "Sariah no better. Fever not quite so high. I sat up with her. The day is stormy and cold."
April 22, 1897 : "My son's wife Sariah died at 5:00 a.m. with brain fever after an illness of two weeks. She leaves a
husband and four small children. She was born June 1, 1870 in West Weber, Utah. We went over to Ogden and got a
coffin and material to dress her. We returned at 2:00 p.m." (Diary Winslow Farr, Jr. 1897, Page 187).
When Sariah Farr died on April 22, 1897 at the age of 27, she left four small children, Charles Buck, age 8, Emily Evelyn,
age 7, Lorin Winslow, age 3 and Nephi Horace, age 2.
Emily Jane's own children were now adults. Starting over with a new family, Emily Jane took her four grandchildren into
her home. These grandchildren lived with Emily Jane and their father Lorin until they were grown.
Emily Evelyn Farr Mower, age 90 in 1980, was asked in an interview to describe her grandmother, Emily Jane. She stated,
"Oh she was gentle, kind, a wonderful mother. She would sometimes scold us, but she never ever laid a hand on us. She
would say to people, I never whip any of these children. I'd hate to meet their mother, up there, and have her say, you
spanked my children, you didn't take good care of my children."
In 1897 Winslow was called by the First Presidency of the Church to move permanently to Mexico.
December 20, 1897 : "received a letter from the first Presidency for me to Locate permanently in Mexico quite a
Disappointment to some of the family but the Lords will be done" (Diary of Winslow Farr, Jr. 1897, Page 206)".
Before he left for Mexico he deeded his interest in the homestead to Emily Jane. In 1899, Emily Jane divided the farm into
parcels and deeded the property to her four sons, Lafayette, Lorin, Barnard and Aldebert.
On January 10, 1899 Winslow married his fourth wife, Sarah Mitchell Graham in Colonia Dublan, Mexico. In December
of 1902, Winslow, his wife Melvina and their two youngest sons, Wilford and Ashael, traveled by train to visit the families
in Ogden arriving on December 6, and spent the night with his daughter Emily Halverson and family.
December 7, 1902 "Visited my Tilly and children Had dinner with them visited my brother Aaron and Lorins families staid
all night at Emilys."
December 8, 1902 "Got a horse and buggy and took my wife Melvina and two little boys over to West Weber to the rest
of the family found all well and glad to see us wrote some letters to my folks in Mexico in the eve My children Laffy and
family came and had supper with us and spent the evening with us We had a very enjoyable time."
Melvina and her sons stayed often with Emily Jane and her family in West Weber during the time she was in Utah. Emily
Jane lived on the farm in West Weber, Matilda lived in her home in Ogden and Sarah lived in her home in Salt Lake City as
well as Dublan, Mexico.
Sarah, known as Dr. Sarah Farr, was often called upon as a lay midwife. Sarah gave lectures about the human anatomy
and using her own formula, bottled and sold a product known as Dr. Farr's Canker medicine. Evelyn Farr Mower
(Granddaughter of Emily Jane) reminisced in a 1980 interview, "Grandfather gave grandma Emily some of aunt Sarah's
medicine and it was really gooooood tooo!"
In the spring of 1903 Winslow Jr. records in his diaries, time spent with each of his four wives. Winlsow spent more time
with Sarah in Salt Lake City. After returning to Ogden, from an extended stay with Sarah, he records in his diary:
March 20, 1903 "Took horse and buggy and took my wife Melvina and two little boys to Ogden had dinner with my
daughter Emily took my wife and boys up to Hyrum and Gooddall Her cousin on her way to Ogden valley to visit her
sister Marintha called and see my wife Tilly and talked with her She said that she desired not live with me as wife but did
not get a d(i)vorce I tried to reason with her but it was no use Bp (bishop) counselor P Anderson talked with her but all to
no purpose She had made up her mind to separate (sic) It seems hard to pull away after rasing (sic) a family together of
six children it was against my wishes (to) separate she said I could come and see the children whenever I wanted so we
quit on speaking terms I then returned to West Weber."
On April 9, 1903 Winslow attended a Farr family reunion at the Ogden 3rd Ward.
April 9, 1903 "Took train for Ogden met my son Barney and came over to west Weber to my home and got ready with my
folks and went over to Ogden and attended the Farr reunion that was held in 3rd ward meeting house and asemby (sic)
hall. Arrived about 6 to late for the opening program just in time for supper table were spread and supper was ready a large
company sat down to supper I was called on to ask a blessing on the food after supper went over to the hall where there
was songs and music and speaches (sic) I played 3 tunes on the violin made a short speech (sic) there was present 260 of
the farr descendant and 15 of my own family were present we had a very enjoyable time long to be rememberd (sic)
dismissed about 12 pm and I returned to west Weber with my family".
On April 24, 1903 Winslow, Emily Jane, Barnard and Susan Farr, traveled by horse and buggy to Ogden to say goodbye to
Melvina as she and her two youngest sons boarded the train for the return trip to Mexico.
In November of 1903 Melvina was hospitalized in El Paso, Texas for an attack of appendicitis. An operation came too late
and she passed away on November 6, 1903. She was buried in Colonia Dublan, Mexico.
November 7, 1903 : "Came to Ogden & heard the sad death of my wife Melvina she was at the Hospital at El Paso Texas
where she underwent an operation for apendisitis (sic) & died with blood poison she leaves a loving husband and 11
children to mourn her loss she was a noble woman she was burried (sic) in Dublan Mexico Myself and son Joseph and
wife and two little children took train for Mexico the folks at the farm came to see us off all feeling very sad."
His wife Sarah, accompanied by Winslow's brother Lorin, joined them in Dublan in December 1903. Winslow remained in
Mexico until July of 1906. In June, a family gathering, including 11 of Melvina's children and 18 of their grandchildren,
held a farewell supper for him in the old family home before his final return trip to Utah, Saturday June 30, 1906.
July 2, 1906 : "Never sleep on the train. Sleeping berth is too short. Came from Sacramento to Ogden. Landed at West
Weber at 9:00 p.m. in the evening. Walked up to the home and was very tired. Found all well" (Diary of Winslow Farr, Jr.
1906, Page not numbered".
With the exception of occasional brief visits to the West Weber farm, Winslow lived most of the time between 1906 and
1913 with his fourth wife, Sarah, in Salt Lake City. Winslow, Sarah and his brother Lorin spent many hours working in
the Salt Lake Temple.
December 25, 1907 Wednesday : "Christmas. Eat dinner at my wife Sarah my wife Emily was with us had a roasted duck
received a Christmas gift and some letters from my children in Mexico."
December 26, 1907 Thursday : "My wife Emily went home to West Weber Sarah went to the train roads very muddy"
(Diary of Winslow Farr, Jr. 1907, Page not numbered).
FREDERICK ERNEST COVINGTON 25 October 2018
FREDERICK ERNEST COVINGTON. Ref: 343. Born: 29 Oct 1912 at Thames Ditton. Father: Frederick, Father Ref: 334.
Mother: Moore, Vivian B, Mother Ref: 4438. Died: 3 Jul 1995 at Poole aged 82. Mar: Oct-Dec 1939 at Marylebone to
Swithenbank, Sally D F 4606. 2nd Mar: April 1947 at Switzerland to name not known . 3rd Mar: 31 Aug 1951 at South
Africa to Clarke, Cicely May 5042. Related to Harry Alfred Covington (see entry 458), uncle & Cyril Tim Covington,
cousin (see entry 197). Educated at Rockport, Craigavad, Co.Down, N.Ireland. Harrow & Cambridge. Appears on lists of
emigration by boat travelling from Liverpool to Canary Islands in 1922, Liverpool to Cape in South Africa in 1924,
Avonmouth to Kingston in Jamaica in 1931 & from Southampton to the Port Elizabeth, Algoa Bay (1950) & Cape (1952)
in South Africa.
Was captain of cricket at both Rockport and Harrow, also played a few games for Cambridge, where he was captain of
Eton Fives in 1935. In 1936, he played First Class Cricket for Middlesex County Cricket Club, as an amateur in six first-
class matches including 83 on his debut against Warwickshire at Lord's, the highest score of the match. And had a batting
performance of 9 Inns, 2 not outs, 142 Runs, Average 20.29.
A left hand batsman & slow left arm authodox occasional bowler, he played at the same time as Allen, Hendren, Compton,
Hulme, Human, Robins, Gray, Sims, Peebles, Smith, Hart, Webster, Tindall & Butterworth. In 1937-38 toured Argentina
with Brinkman's Team.
Also played a lot of squash. In 1924 started ski-ing in Switzerland
Joined Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve in June 1941 as Ordinary Seaman (H.M.S. Ganges) shore-station. Oct 1941 H.M.S.
Cumberland (cruiser) in Chatham and went to Scapa Flow, Iceland and Murmansk. Left March 1942 for officer's course.
Became Sub Lieut. And joined Tank Landing Craft L.C.T. 324 as 1st Lieut. At Beaulieu River, Hants in July 1942, became
C.O. five weeks later. Made Lieutenant in October 1942. Transferred with whole crew to Scapa Flow to take on L.C.T.
359, Dec 1942. Left for Troon, March 1943 to take over L.C.T. 421; thence to Appledore, Devon, en route for the
Mediterranean, based in Malta. Landings incl. Sicily (Augusta), Reggio di Calabria, Vibo Valencia, Salerno, Anzio, Elba,
S.France (St Raphael). Then sailed to the Adriatic, based on Bari & Ancona. Mostly ferried Tito Partisans in Yugoslavia up
the coast, north of Zadar (Zara). Landed on Island of Rab in April 1945 and spent the Summer of 1945 sailing between
Ancona, Venice and Trieste. Left Mediterranean in Sept 1945 to become Sea Transport Officer at Southampton, until
demobbed in March 1946 having reached rank of Lieutenant/Captain Tank Landing Craft. Awarded 1939-45 Star, Italy
Star, War Medal 1939-45 and twice mentioned in despatches.
After leaving Cambridge he joined the stockbroker firm of his cousin, Cyril Tim Covington, Coni & Covington, 10
Throgmorton St., London E.C. until he left them in 1937. He then became a director of H. Covington & Sons, Lightermen
& Wharfingers, Cremorne Wharf, Chelsea.
The business was eventually sold to Redlands in 1957. His first wife was Swiss, she died 7/11/1949. He married again in
South Africa, where they lived until 1959. His hobbies include walking, gardening and ornithology. He has also travelled
extensively, visiting nearly all European countries, Central America, West Indies, South America, Japan, Hong Kong,
Thailand and Malaysia.
In 1990, he made his 38th trip to Switzerland. After WW2 he lived for 11 years in Cape Province, South Africa where he
owned the Regal Cinema, Knysna, before returning to Devon in 1959. Has since lived 5 years in Tenerife, 7 years in
Guernsey, 7 years in Ringwood, Hants and in 1985 moved to his present address. In 1990, 3 Carlton Gate, Balcombe
Road, Poole, Dorset BH13 6DX. He writes; "You may be interested to know that I have a copy of the American
Covingtons written by William Slaughter Covington and printed in 1941.
He came to London in WW2 and met my cousin to whom he gave 2 or 3 copies, mine being no.187. He wrote a very
detailed account, including the original English names and different spellings etc. I was particularly interested as I was the
only Englishman then living, who was mentioned in his book, as being well known as a cricketer at the time of writing,
although he did not actually know my initials" (Wisdens Cricket Almanac) (History of Middlesex County Cricket)
(Personal correspondence February 1990)
GAVIN RICHARD COVINGTON 25 October 2018
GAVIN RICHARD COVINGTON. Ref: 1559. Born: 22 Aug 1968 at Dunstable. Father: Alfred Henry, Father Ref: 1109.
Mother: Williams, Janice Winifred, Mother Ref: 4769. Born at 14 Tarnside Close, Dunstable, Beds. In 2001 living at 30
Mardale avenue, Dunstable, Beds LU6 3PA and is employed as an engineer. Semi-professional footballer with Wycombe
Wanderers in Vauxhall Conference League 1991-92. Regular position, left back. As at December 92 had played 7 first
team games. Career details from then on not known, by early 1995 he was playing for Hitchin in the Diadora Premier
League. Covington scored after 29 minutes of Hitchin's 3-2 victory against Purfleet on 14th January 1995.
By early 1998 he was with Bedford Town.
Report of game Ryman League Division Two - Saturday 31st January 1998 - Bedford Town 2 Tooting & Mitcham 0
Manager Jimmy Bolton gave a debut to new signing Chris Dixon and Mark Quemina and Barry Ferdinand returned to the
line up. Ferdinand nearly surprised home keeper Heeps with a long range shot in the first minute, and then a free kick from
Dave Cooper was deflected over his own bar by Dave Taylor. Jason Reed also had a couple of efforts for the home side
but he was well off target, and it was Tooting who created the best early chance when Andy Norman found Ferdinand
with some space in the area, but Ferdy skied his shot over the bar.
The home side forced several corners after twenty minutes, but the Tooting defence cleared without trouble, with Gary
Whelan looking commanding in the centre of defence. Play then became scrappy and there was a rash of niggling fouls
and bookings. During this period Matthias and Gleeson tried their luck with some long range shots but they never looked
like troubling Heeps.
With defences so much on top it looked certain that the first half would end goalless, but the home side fashioned a goal
out of nothing on 43 minutes. Full back Gavin Covington got past Tony Matthias wide on the left and was allowed to run
into the area where he crossed for Danny Nicholls to head home from the edge of the six yard box. Bedford then nearly
increased their lead when Paul Daniels headed across goal and Jason Slack just failed to get a touch on the ball.
Tooting had a scare just after half time when Slack wriggled through the defence and poked the ball into the side netting.
On 53 minutes Andy Norman laid a ball back to Steve Shaw on the edge of the area, but he slightly miss-hit his shot and it
bobbled a few yards wide.
With Tooting making little impression on the solid Bedford defence, Jimmy Bolton made a double substitution on 60
minutes, bringing himself and Conrad Kane on, and changing to a 4-4-2 formation. It nearly bore fruit immediately when
Ferdinand got clear on the right hand side of the area, but with several players unmarked he made a mess of his cross.
The home side increased their lead on 66 minutes when a long ball over the top of the Tooting defence found Paul
Sherlock in space, and he lobbed Haakan Jensgard as he came off his line, and after this Tooting never threatened to get
back on terms.
Chris Dixon gave way to Barry Langford on 81 minutes, and in fact Dixon's performance was one of the few bright spots
of the afternoon as he showed some neat touches throughout. In the last few minutes, Jimmy Bolton had a couple of wild
shots and in the closing seconds Tooting were denied a consolation goal when Barry Ferdinand was fouled by Ian Grove
when through, and as Grove was the last defender he was sent off. The free kick on the edge of the area hit the Bedford
wall, and that was it. Definitely a game to forget.
Tooting & Mitcham Line-up: Jensgard, Whelan, Gleeson, Taylor, Matthias, Fowler, Quemina, Shaw, Dixon, Ferdinand,
Norman. Subs : Bolton (Shaw 60), Kane (Taylor 60), Langford (Dixon 81)
Bedford Town: Heeps, Grove, Covington (G), Branch, Covington (P), Cooper, Sherlock, Nicholls, Reed, Slack, Daniels,
Subs: Thompson, Wilkinson, Tubbs.
GEORGE COVINGTON 25 October 2018
GEORGE COVINGTON. Ref: 12450. Born: around 1865 at U.S.A.. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not known,
Mother Ref: 0. Jockey - won the Kentucky Derby riding MacBeth II on 14th May 1888.
GLORIA COVINGTON 25 October 2018
GLORIA COVINGTON. Ref: 14486. Born: around 1955 at U.S.A. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not known,
Mother Ref: 0. US singer who appeared in a Musical in 1979 at The Minskoff Theatre, New York entitled Got Tu Go
Disco in which she was part of the singing ensemble. She later recorded album Moving On in 1980 on Casablanca
"80s groove material cut by Gloria Covington with kind of a sweet up-tempo modern soul style. 10 beats faster and this
stuff might be disco, but most of the tunes are done more in a two-step style that lets Gloria's vocals come up to the front
of the mix. We're not exactly sure that this is a good thing, though -- as her singing style kind of leaves us cold. Titles
include "How Can You", "Mountain Top", "All I Need", "Moving On", and "Time". (Cover has a promo stamp on back.)"
GROVER COVINGTON 25 October 2018
GROVER COVINGTON. Ref: 6654. Born: 25 Mar 1956 at Monroe NC. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not
known, Mother Ref: 0. He was a Canadian Football League defensive end for the Hamilton Tigercats. He often led the
league in quarterback sacks and was a division All-Star seven times. He won the Schenley Award for Most Outstanding
Defensive Player once and also lead the Tigercats to a Grey Cup victory in 1986. He finished his career with 157 sacks, a
He was inducted into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 2000 and in November, 2006, was voted one of the CFL's Top
50 players (#28) of the league's modern era by Canadian sports network TSN. He was inducted along with former
teammate Chet Grimsley in 1995 into the Johnson C Smith University Sports Hall Of Fame a member of the C.I.A.A in
Charlotte North Carolina.
He currently lives in Surrey, British Columbia and owns a Floor Depot franchise in Abbotsford, British Columbia
Extract from Tiger Cats Website Oct 22 2004 -
Grover Covington, a native of Monroe, North Carolina, attended Johnson C. Smith University, then, was a free agent
signing by the Alouettes in May of 1981. In a pre-season trade, he went to Hamilton later that year.
“I knew about the tradition of defence and the term, steel-tough, so it was a lot different than Montreal,” he recalled. “I fell
in love with the city. The people welcomed me with open arms, accepted me like one of their sons. I have so many
friends in Hamilton and that will never change.”
In the mid 1980’s their names sounded like a law firm: Covington, Walker, Skillman, Price. The Hamilton front four was
ferocious, and was one big reason why the Tiger-Cats went to the Grey Cup three consecutive years. After a loss to
Winnipeg in 1984, and BC in 1985, Covington echoed what all of his teammates have said: the third time, they weren’t
going to be denied.
“In 1984, it seemed we were happy just to get to the Grey Cup,” the gentle giant said. “In 1985, we were upset because
we wanted the ring and you never knew when you’d be going back. In 1986, that team was so focused, it was like we
were in another world, and that showed in the play of our defence, especially. We totally dominated Edmonton and I will
never forget that game, or my teammates. I love them to death just because that was the first time I ever won a
championship at any level.”
Covington still holds the CFL record for most career regular season sacks, 157. Those numbers were so impressive, that
he was elected into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame on February 22, 2000. On October 15 of this year, his name was
added to the Wall of Honour at Ivor Wynne Stadium.
“Not in my wildest dreams did I ever think this would happen” Covington admitted.
“When I first came to the CFL, I just wanted to make the team. From not playing football till Grade 11, to the Hall of
Fame, and now, seeing my name on the Wall of Honour, I’m overwhelmed.”
Football is perhaps the ultimate team game, and that’s something the eleven-year Tiger-Cat wanted to emphasize.
“You don’t get to this point by yourself. It’s other people that helped you, from high school coaches to my position coach
for most of my stay in Hamilton, Ted Schmitz. They all instilled the values of working hard.”
These days, Covington and his family live in Vancouver, where he keeps busy, working and coaching football. But, there’s
one more part to his post-season career that he would like to pursue.
Additional info -
He attended Johnson C. Smith University in Charlotte, North Carolina.
He began his CFL career in 1981 with the Montreal Alouettes. A pre-season trade during saw him moved to the Hamilton
Tiger-Cats. His 11 seasons with the Tiger-Cats was filled with many highlights including being named the CFL sack leader
in 1988 with 25. Covington is still the CFL\'s all-time quarterback sack leader with 157 sacks to his credit.
Throughout his eleven year career, Covington won many deserving awards and honours. He was a seven time East
Division All-Star and received All-Canadian honours on four occasions. In 1988 he won the Schenley Award as the Most
Outstanding Defensive Player in the CFL. He played in four Grey Cups during his Tiger-Cat career, winning the “Big One”
He was always a player that gave back to the community at every chance he could. In 1985, Covington was the first
winner of the Charlotte Simmons Humanitarian Award (Tiger-Cat who contributed the most to the community). Both on
and off the field, Covington devoted his life in Hamilton to football and the community. He was inducted into the Canadian
Football Hall of Fame as a player in 2000.
GYLES FREEMAN COVINGTON 25 October 2018
GYLES FREEMAN COVINGTON. Ref: 2736. Born: 1767- 1768 at Abingdon. Father: Roger, Father Ref: 3267. Mother:
King, Elizabeth, Mother Ref: 4134. Died: 7 Mar 1791 at Oxford Castle aged 23. Mar: 5 Feb 1789 at Abingdon to Gilkes,
Ann 4166. Also shown as Giles. Christened 12 April 1767 at St Helen's Church, Abingdon. Sailor. Spelling of name shown
as Giles Covington on marriage records. Hung on 7 March 1791 at Oxford Castle for murder.
"The murder victim, a Scottish pedlar named David Charteris, was on his way home to Toot Baldon from the Michaelmas
Hiring Fair at Abingdon on the night of the 8 October 1787, when a bunch of thugs set about him with a hedge stake as he
was climbing over a stile near Nuneham Wood. Later that week some chums from Toot Baldon discovered his body
sitting upright in a ditch and when they pulled off his hat and wig they uncovered the grisly evidence of several hefty
blows. Despite a reward of 70 guineas (more than most people earned in a year in those days!), nothing was heard of the
crime for another three years.
Then Richard Kilby was caught and flogged at Reading for deserting from the Berkshire Militia. the whip seems to have
loosened his tongue and he offered to turn King's Evidence and confessed to his part in the Charteris crime in return for a
Royal Pardon. According to him. it was Charles Evans Shury who suggested robbing David Charteris to himself, John
Castle and Giles Covington. Shury struck the first blow, then Covington joined in and helped finish the poor pedlar off.
After they returned to Abindgon, they went to Shury's house and he gave them 10 guineas in gold and silver each, saying:
"Now, my boys, let us be true to each other"
On 16 July 1790, Shury and Castle were tried at the Midsummer Assizes in Oxford for the pedlar's murder. A Thames
bargeman called Bossom said Castle "had some time ago confessed to him that he had no rest, night or day, from the
horror of having been concerned in the murder of the Scotchman". The report of the trial in Jackson's Oxford Journal is
rather confusing, and the only evidence concerning Shury, apart from Kilby's confession, implied he thought Kilby was
out to "do" him by blaming him for the crime. However the jury had no hesitation in finding both men guilty and the judge,
after a stern lecture, directed them to be executed and their bodies to be delivered to the surgeons, to be dissected and
Meanwhile Giles Covington was at sea. As soon as his ship docked in London at the beginning of 1791, two Bow Street
runners brought him to Oxford and on 4 March he also stood trial for the pedlar's murder. Clearly he felt the same way
about Kilby as Shury. It was reported that his behaviour was so audacious during the trial whilst Kilby was giving
evidence, that he made a sudden spring towards him and attempted a blow at his head. The jury found him guilty on the
same evidence as the other two and on 7 March 1791, "a prodigiuous multitude of spectators" watched his execution from
the tower at the entrance to Oxford Castle, now part of Oxford Prison. He mounted the scaffold dressed in his sailor's
jacket and trousers with white gloves and a white hatband and before motioning the hangman to proceed, tossed down a
paper. It was a semi-literate letter addressed to local magistrate Christopher Willoughby. "I hope you and your family will
live to find that Giles Freeman Covington died innocent and then I hope you would relieve the widow that is left behind if
Bedlam is not to be her doom"
His body was cut down and delivered to the University Reader in Anatomy, Dr Pegge. The following day he carved it up at
a public lecture in the Anatomy School at Christ Church College. He then decided that Giles Covington would make a
useful teaching aid. His bones were wired together and his skeleton eventually found its way to the University Museum in
Parks Road in 1860. It stood in a glass case for more than 100 years, labelled simply Englishman, before being relegated to
the Bone Room. It may have stayed there had not a member of staff spotted the inscription Giles Covington on the lower
jaw and passed it on to the Museum of Oxford, where it is on display today, along with Kilby's confession and the letter
Giles Covington tossed down from the gallows.
A detailed dossier on his case has been compiled by Miss Evelyn Wallace, an attendant at the Museum of Oxford, and on
Thursday 7 March 1991 (the 200th anniversary of his execution) a petition was launched in an attempt to get the Queen to
grant a royal pardon. Signatures will be sent to the Royal Prerogative of Mercy Division at the Home Office. A spokesman
for the Home Office has said "Normally cases like this involve people who are still alive and in prison. But the rules are
still the same. Miss Wallace will have to produce new evidence to show the original conviction was unsafe" (I.G.I
London/Berkshire) (Letter from Miss Evelyn Wallace, March 1991)(Press cuttings of articles by A.J.McIlroy, Daily
Telegraph & Don Chapman, Oxford).
A further article appeared in nthe Daily Telegraph on 16 Jul 2001 citing the efforts of the Oxford Museum's curator, John
Lange, to secure a full Christian burial for Giles. "He has already secured the agreement in principle of Wolvercote
Cemetery in Oxford to bury Giles, but also hopes to clear Giles' name by Royal Pardon"
For more info on Gyles Freeman Covington and the case the following book is highly recommended "The Abingdon
Waterturnpike Murder" by Mark Davies published by Oxford Towpath Press 2003.
HAROLD ARMSTEAD COVINGTON 25 October 2018
HAROLD ARMSTEAD COVINGTON. Ref: 5528. Born: 14 Sep 1953 at Burlington NC. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0.
Mother: not known, Mother Ref: 0. Probably the most disliked member of the Covington dynasty, Harold Armstead
Covington holds some very strong anti-semetic, anti-black views which he regular shares with the world.
Party leader of the neo-nazi Nationalist Socialist Party in U.S.A. On 31 March 1981 a John Warnock Hinckley, b.1956,
shot U.S. President Ronald Reagan. Hinckley had been a member of the Nationalist Socialist Party between 1978 and 1979
when he had been expelled. Harold Covington said of him - " He felt we were not sufficiently militant for him. He wanted
us to go out and commit unlawful acts. We sort of carried on a debate on it. He struck me as a sincere person who felt
something had to be done. He was expelled because his ideas were too extreme and violent." (The Times 1/4/1981, Page
7, Col g)
A website exists offering information on the National Socialist White Peoples Party and its Leader. The following gives a
further radical view on Harold and his activity:
This page is dedicated to exposing one of the most destructive government agents working in our midst: Harold
Covington. It is important that you become informed about people like Weird Harold because as our movement grows
there will be more people like him, sent to demoralize and destroy us. I hope that this page helps to give you the
information you need to protect yourself and others from jewish or government sponsored subversion. The NSWPP is not
the organization of George Lincoln Rockwell. The name has been stolen and mis-used by a known BATF informant
named Harold Covington. Harold is a fat, Jewish looking man who's nickname "the Rabbi" comes from his very jewish,
very rabbinical appearance. Weird Harold has made a career of spreading lies and filth throughout the White Nationalist
movement. One of his pen names, Winston Smith, is taken from George Orwell's novel 1984 and refers to the government
agent in "1984" who was employed by Big Brother to write and spread lies for the "Ministry of Truth." You need to be
The following is an excerpt from Vol.13, #1 (the Jan/Mar '95) issue of the National Socialist Vanguard - A Quarterly
Overview of the NS Vanguard:
For a number of years now, our associates have questioned Harold Covington's sincerity in the Movement versus his
psychiatric status after reading his allegations against other people and groups. Any investigation into this area would be
merely academic. The important thing to understand is that Harold Covington, for whatever reason, is neither a reliable
source of information nor competent to critique the Movement. (Rick Cooper, Editor, NSV Quarterly - POB 328, The
Dalles). Web Author: John Hammer. Copyright & copy;1997 by NSWPP.COM - ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
The following information was sent out by WAR (White Aryan Resistance) - Weird Harold Armstead Covington [born
September 14, 1953, in Burlington, North Carolina - Social Security number (ss# ), deleted out of respect for the
Constitution and not the jerk harold who is trying to destroy it--M)] is currently the greatest embarrassment the White
Racialist Movement has. Weird Harold has recently started the National Socialist White People's Party. [As most of you
may know, this was the name of the organization founded by George Lincoln Rockwell.] However, before anyone rushes
to join this "reincarnation" of Commander Rockwell's party, they should know something about Weird Harold.
The nickname "Weird Harold" was given to him by the people that knew him when he was with the Nationalist Socialist
Party of America. This was the group started by the homosexual pedophile Jew, Frank Collin [Cohn]. Collin was arrested
by detectives from Chicago's Youth Division for taking indecent liberties with adolescent boys. Subsequently, when Weird
Harold took over the "leadership" of this organization it quickly collapsed since most people quit in disgust because of his
Weird Harold is basically a coward that will run at the first sign of trouble. In the book Nazis, Communists, Klansmen, and
others on the Fringe by John George and Laird Wilcox they write: "In 1980 Harold Covington assumed the leadership of
the NSPA. It was a banner year for him in other respects as well." "His streak of successes was short-lived, however.
Events during the trials of Klansmen and NSPA members led some of his followers to suspect that he was an undercover
informant. Faced with internal revolt and what he later called "harassment and threats by the ATF, Covington announced
he was going underground. In March 1981 he appointed St. Louis NSPA leader Michael Allen, twenty-nine, as his
successor and disappeared shortly thereafter. He wound up on the Isle of Mann, living there for several years before
returning to the United States." "Allen, it turns out, was a bona fide ATF informant."
In the book Code Name Greenkil: The 1979 Greeneboro Killings by Elizabeth Wheaton, she writes: "Allen supplied the
ATF with Nazi membership lists, organization rules and structure, and "eyes only" memos to the party leaders from
Covington." Michael Allen's ATF [Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms] Confidential Informer number is CI-203.
In North Carolina, Weird Harold gave information to Federal Agents that helped set-up and imprison Frank Lee Braswell.
In an Associated Press article in the June 25, 1981, Raleigh, North Carolina The News and Observer stated: "Covington
named in Nazi trial ASHEVILLE (AP) - Federal investigators said this week that they uncovered an alleged plot to set off
bombs in Greenaboro after a Nazi leader told an undercover agent that a member of his group was a "gunfighter for the
party, that he had killed several policemen. " In U.S. District Court Monday, Michael Sweat, an agent for the federal
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, testified that he received the information from Harold Covington of Raleigh, the
head of the National Socialist Party. Sweat testified during a pretrial hearing for six Nazis accused in the alleged plot. The
undercover agent said Covington identified Frank Braswell, one of those accused in the alleged scheme, as the alleged
According to court records from the District Court of the United States for the Western District of North Carolina,
Asheville Division, Criminal Action Case Number A-CR-81-11, when Federal Agent Sweat was asked "that Harold
Covington was where you received your information to start a criminal investigation on me [Braswell]. Am I Correct?"
Agent Sweat answered "That's Correct." Also, when asked "As a result of your contact with Mr. Covington, what if
anything did you do?", Agent Sweat answered "I initiated a criminal investigation on Frank Braswell." Then when asked
"Now on these initial contacts how did you introduce yourself to Frank Braswell?" Agent Sweat answered "On the initial
contact I called Frank up prior to meeting with him on the 7th, I think it was a day or so before. And he said he had heard
about me already from Harold Covington and he was anxious to meet me. He had heard that I was in the type of business
that I related to him later from Harold Covington."
Later testimony from a Federal witness stated "The first -- the way the investigation got initiated was with an undercover
contact with Harold Covington, who told me certain things -- ". In the book Code Name Greenkil: The Greeneboro
Killings, Elizabeth Wheaton writes: "In September 1979 … Covington led another ATF agent to Frank Braswell, as four
months earlier he led [undercover government agent] Bernie Butkovich to Wayne Wood. Michael Sweat, an agent from the
Ashville ATF office, presented himself to Covington as Mike Swain … N "Two days prior to the breaking of the
Butkovich story, Sweat made contact with Frank Braswell. Braswell phoned Covington to check on Sweat; given the go-
ahead, he began talking to the agent." Wheaton concludes by stating Weird Harold "brought two ATF undercover agents
into his own party, resulting in the convictions of two of his rivals."
Besides informing to Federal Agents, Weird Harold has other interests. His great obsession in life, besides of course
gluttony, is the late Church of the Creator founder Ben Klassen. Weird Harold seems to think and talk quite a bit about Ben
Klassen. Also Weird Harold is especially fond and interested in alleging that Ben Klassen was homosexual, but never
produced any proof.
His so- called "newsletters" are full of obscene and filthy language describing these homosexual acts as he talks and
fantasies about Ben Klassen. Weird Harold even gets weirder in that he fancies himself as quite a skilled linguist for coming
up with "clever" phrases like "Benny Butt F***er" ! Weird Harold also "alleged" that Ben Klassen was a Jew, again without
The odd thing about this is that if you would give Weird Harold's family tree a good shake, you would find a Jew by the
name of Hugo Glass in it. This may be why Weird Harold once made the comment about himself that "I look more like a
Rabbi than a National Socialist".
However, what is more important than looking like a Rabbi is acting like one. A prime example of Weird Harold's Jew-like
behavior is in this low-grade moron's "newsletter" Resistance. Resistance is so full of lies, half-truths, and Weird Harold's
own fantasies, that nothing in it can be taken seriously. In fact, almost nothing in it is truthful or accurate. Even when told
the truth from reliable sources, Weird Harold is so incompetent that he screws it up.
Weird Harold often writes under the pen name "Winston Smith". [Winston Smith is the name of the main character in
George Orwell's classic political novel 1984.] However, Weird Harold has recently authored an issue of Resistance
lavishing praises on himself written under the name "Luther Williams". This is a typical ploy in one-man operations. They
have no one to write good things about themselves, so they invent fictional people in an imbecile attempt to fool and
deceive the reader. In this particular issue, titled THE OLD ORDER PASSETH,
Weird Harold attacks many people, but is such a coward he doesn't sign his own name to it. Besides praising himself, this
issue was full of lies about people in the White Racialist Movement, ranging from Tom Metzger of the White Aryan
Resistance, the memory of Ben Klassen, Will W. Williams and Dr. Pierce of the National Alliance, and Arthur Jones of the
America First Committee, to name just a few. Besides these people, Weird Harold has attacked Pastor Butler of Aryan
Nations, calling him "scum"! Also, Weird Harold has recently written "I'll be exposing Gerhard Lauck [of the NSDAP/AO],
a slime ball of the first order".
Weird Harold's game plan is so obvious and so unbelievably stupid you would think it came from the mind of a mentally
unbalanced geek. Weird Harold thinks that by attacking other people and other organizations with lies that he can destroy
them, and then everyone will magically come to him and make Weird Harold their supreme Dictator!!?!!
Although the basic premise of Weird Harold's plan is fundamentally flawed and incorrect and stupid, he is never-the-less
attempting to put it into place and trying to build an organization, to use his terminology, the "N.S.W.P.P. Mark Two". By
combining with two other one-man organizations he now has a "powerful" three-man organization. The other organizations
are the Nationalist Socialist White America Party, operated by James Karl who publishes the NSWAP Newsletter; and the
National Workers League, operated by William Henry Kendall, who publishes Plexus.
They don't call him Weird Harold for nothing. Weird Harold is a believer in the occult and black magic. In a May 18, 1980,
article by Angella Herrin about Weird Harold titled A Nazi apostle of white supremacy in the Raleigh The News and
Observer states: "A believer in the occult and black magic, he earns some money writing ghost stories, he says - but he
won't divulge his pen name. " The article then goes on to show that Weird Harold is not one to be relied on when it comes
to telling the truth.
Angella Herrin writes: "Although he [Weird Harold] told WRC [radio] listeners he is a Vietnam veteran, he admits Pentagon
records show he was never in Vietnam." The News and Observer goes on to quote Weird Harold, a 1971 graduate of
Chapel Hill High School: "Like most Americans, I'm a working man. And I support myself by writing," he told one radio
caller. However, the Raleigh newspaper points out: "In fact, Covington is paying a vanity press to publish his gothic
romance Rose of Honor this summer. He has not had a full-time job since 1977. He lives over Nazi Party offices and
receives no salary. He simply controls party finances, he says, "and I take whatever I need". " Another example of Weird
Harold's dishonesty uncovered by this newspaper was in an April 4, 1981 article as follows: "Covington: Hinckley was a
Nazi - Associated Press -
Countering denials that accused presidential [Ronald Reagan] assailant John W. Hinckley Jr. was a Nazi, former American
Nazi leader Harold Covington insisted Friday that Hinckley "was a member and I did correspond with him." Covington and
his successor as head of the National Socialist Party of America, Michael Allen of Chicago, have maintained that Hinckley
was a Nazi for a few months in 1979. Law enforcement officers and monitors of right-wing groups have denied that.
"The man was a member and I did correspond with him for a while. That happens to be the truth." Asked to produce the
letters or other documents as proof that Hinckley was a Nazi, Covington said, "We do not keep documents of that
Weird Harold has a very disturbed sociopathic personality that craves attention. Since no one takes him serious as a
"movement leader", Weird Harold's only way of attracting attention to himself is by making up spurious rumors and lies
about various people and organizations. Thus by creating disturbances in the White Racialist Movement, this pathetic
buffoon focuses the attention on himself that he craves, even if it is only to have people denounce him as a fraud, a liar,
and as a traitor.
As you can imagine, Weird Harold is not much of a "ladies man". After crudely trying to proposition a young Aryan
woman by the name Sharon Mooney in a ghastly stupid letter dated June 12, 1994. Sharon wrote back in "an open letter to
Harold Covington: dated June 18, 1994" that: "You are not needed with what is, Jewish blood (you certainly have the
mentality!) to further pollute our genetic pool. Maybe your grandfather was not a Jew… but the evidence to me is that he
MUST have been.
If he was not… well, then you Mr. Covington… accidentally suffered some sort of defective evolutions when your
mother was carrying you… and you were born very abnormally un-Aryan in mentality and the natural character of the
Normal Aryan Male.
Physically… you look Jewish. When you telephoned me, after you sent this obscene letter… I remembered you stating
clearly… "I didn't sign it." And after I read that letter, now I know why you didn't. Nobody in their right mind would!
However too, anybody in their truly sane state of mind and body, would not write any such thing, in the first place." [SIC]
The above sample was just a short quote from Sharon's hellish six page letter to Weird Harold. She closed the letter with
this little poem:
"May your days in the movement be numbered… May you finally be found out for the perverted criminal you are, so you
can be imprisoned and feel firsthand, the accusation you lay against Ben Klassen… May your Jewish Cousins spit on your
foul grave, when you are finished in this earth, from doing your dirty ZOG-serving work."
Publisher's Note: Weird Harold is also a hypocrite. Weird Harold makes people swear on his "Official Supporter
Application" that "I am not a journalist or an agent of any government- sponsored organization designated as a "law
enforcement agency"… That I am a non-Jewish White person of unmixed Aryan racial descent… and that I am not a
Satanist Or involved in any kind of occult activity." Weird Harold is all of the above and by his own standards shouldn't be
a member of his so-called "N.S.W.P.P. Mark Two", let alone its "leader". Weird Harold is an unnatural, unholy, vile,
grotesque, abomination to the White Racialist
Movement and will not be tolerated.
Extract from "Searchlight" June 1992
TOP NAZI POSES AN EARLY PROBLEM FOR NEW M15 BOSS
A leading North American neo-nazi, who has a strong association with the Irish Republican movement in the USA and
Europe, is living in Britain. With the British secret service, M15, having recently assumed responsibility for dealing with the
IRA on mainland Britain, we hope our expose of his presence and background will lead Ms Stella Rimington, the new
head of M15, to request the Home Secretary rapidly to eject this nazi from Britain.
Harold Covington, now residing at 29 Palamos Road, Leyton, London E10, is in his late forties. Over the last 30 years he
has gained a personal notoriety for his role not only in organising some of the worst neo-nazi and racist groups in America
but also as the architect of the 1979 massacre in Greensboro, North Carolina, which left five people dead and another nine
with injuries from gunshot wounds. Although the Ku Klux Klan massacre was of his design, he did not have the guts to be
present when the dreadful act was carried out.
Shortly afterwards he fled to Rhodesia and later South Africa, stopping over in Eire and Britain along the way.
Covington holds dual Irish and United States nationality. This is thought to be as a result of his marriage to an Irish woman
during one of his European trips. He claims to have been married twice with both marriages ending in divorce. He says he
has a son and daughter in Ireland, whom the American government have banned from entering the USA.
Studying in Britain
In a recent letter to his comrades in the British National Party, Covington claims to have taken time out to study in Britain
and use his citizenship of a member state nation of the European Community as a means to remain in the country if
We were alerted late last year by our friends in the Center for Democratic Renewal in the USA that Covington might be
heading back to Europe. But we never expected him to be allowed into this country for two reasons: firstly his strong Irish
Republican links and secondly his association with the former illegal regime in Rhodesia. Clearly we were wrong.
Covington claims that Special Branch knows of his presence here, but he seems to have been left alone to work and study
for a City and Guilds qualification.
But all has not been well for the nazi leader. His ongoing row with Ben Klassen, boss of the Church of the Creator, led to
Klassen informing a senior member of the British National Party last February that Covington was in the country. Kiassen's
letter went on to tell the BNP, which he knows claims to be in the forefront of the anti-Republican fight, of Covington's
dodgy Irish associations, and went further to suggest that Covington might be a CIA operative.
For reasons known only to himself, the recipient of the letter, John Morse, kept quiet about it and our attention was drawn
to Covington's presence in this country only when copies of both Klassen's letter and Covington's own circular letter to
British nazis came into our possession.
Wave of killings
Certainly Covington has not lived up to his reputation as one of the hottest guys in the nazi camp as far as security goes.
His book, The March up Country, was written to alert the US far right to the mistakes they made during the years when
the notorious and bloody outfit, the Order, rocked the USA with a wave of killings of Jews, state troopers and police
officers, and were caught as a result of their own bad security. Covington aimed to cure this problem before the next
round of terror started, but clearly he has not studied his own text closely enough in recent times.
In recent years Covington has run a newsletter called Resistance, which he circulates to fellow nazis. In it he often signs
off with the name Winston Smith, the hero of Orwell's 1984. The most recent issues must have been written in Britain and
sent out from his old base in Raleigh, North Carolina in the USA to make people think he was still in America.
One of his oldest and closest associates is Sean McGuire, a Klansman who is very close to Irish Republican activists in the
USA and is often seen marching on Klan demonstrations wearing his famous Sein Fein baseball cap. Covington and big
Sean have been bosom buddies since their fighting days together in the National Socialist Party of America. At a
demonstration picketed by Jewish anti-fascists, McGuire attacked and injured a number of them and this led to his
reputation as a "big hitter"
in neo-nazi and KKK circles.
Covington's greatest claim to fame came in 1980 when he stood on the Republican Party ticket in North Carolina for the
post of State Attorney-General and polled 56,000 votes, 43% of the poll.
Since 1988 he has been one of the top guns in the Confederate National Congress. It was at one of its rallies that he was
captured on video greeting and embracing his old comrade, McGuire.
In his circular to British neo-nazis Covington says he is too busy at the moment to "screw around" with anti-fascists,
Special Branch or the Jewish Board of Deputies, as it would upset his specific agenda of goals and things he wants to
accomplish whilst he is here.
Let us hope that Ms Rimington lives up to the much publicised expectations the Home Secretary and media have of her
and does the right thing, as they say in the USA, by booting this rat out of the country as soon as possible.
Copyright © 1992, Searchlight.
Extracts from the web site entitled "A Jew Hater's Who's Who" - The data provided on this page is for information
purposes only. In no way is the data to be taken as a solicitation for violence. The Jewish Defense League simply wants its
members and web visitors to really know who their enemies are. The information on this page has been verified to the
best of JDL's ability but is subject to change. Those with knowledge of other "high-ranking" Jew-haters (on the left and
right of the political spectrum) are encouraged to provide such information to the Jewish Defense League.
Harold Covington represents the NATIONAL SOCIALIST WHITE PEOPLE'S PARTY and goes by the alias "Winston
Smith" after the character in the novel "1984" by George Orwell. Here are his personal details:
Name: Harold A. Covington, DOB: September 14, 1953
SSN : 241-96-9573
Occupation: Political activist, professional disrupter, race hater, hates Jews especially/anti-semite.
Mailing address: 4319 Medical Drive, Suite 131-150, San Antonio, Texas 78229 (Mailboxes, Etc.)
Physical location: The Lodge Apartments, Bldg. #17 -- 4900 Medical Drive, San Antonio, Texas 78229
Telephone number: (210) 614-0944
Automobile: 1985 cream-colored Chevy CL 25A wagon
License plate: South Carolina -- YCT 605
Physical description: 5'-11"; brown hair, brown eyes; 300 lbs., beard, glasses; prefers wide-brimmed hats in public.
Marital status: Divorced
Children: 5 (may owe back child support)
His e-mail accounts are:
He publishes a newsletter called "Resistance" and plans on expanding it with a special column on how to fight Jews. He
frequents the newsgroups: alt.nswpp, alt.politics.white-power, alt.revisionism, alt.skinheads, triangle.politics,
alt.nationalism.white. It appears he has been getting donations and spreading his filth through a cell-like organization and on
He just moved to Texas due to $110,000 judgment against him due to his libeling one of his rival Nazis. He has been
getting donations and spreading his filth through a cell-like organization and on the newsgroups. His close ally in his hate
campaign is Bob Summers, whose e-mail address is <firstname.lastname@example.org>. Covington and Summers run the National
Socialist White People's Party (NSWPP). Some have said Covington and Summers are one and the same person.
Covington has been accused by other Nazis of being an informant. Intelligence has not confirmed this in any way. Here's
one example of the trash he posts to newsgroups. He took it from www.melvig.org. This is "The Teachings of Julius
1. Jews concentrate in certain occupations such as doctors, lawyers, money-lenders, merchants, entertainers, etc. Thus
they gain a disproportionate share of the wealth. They control the large monopoly department stores thus putting the
independent Gentiles out of business.
2. Jews pay low wages often forcing poor workers into crime and some women into part-time prostitution.
3. Jews are not true creators of wealth. They avoid physical labor and are rarely farmers, masons, factory workers, etc.
Their religion teaches that it is shameful.
4. Jews hate Jesus Christ but have turned His birthday into a source of great profits. As Rabbi Jacob Wise said: "If the
crucified one had a brother born in the summertime it would have given us two such profitable holidays."
5. Jews exploit sex for financial gain through their control of the theater and publications.
6. Jews are parasites who secretly gain wealth by exploiting the unwary host people.
7. Jews gain power by first pleading for "tolerance and brotherhood." They coddle political leaders of a nation by making
themselves useful -- ingratiating themselves until they become the power behind the throne.
8. Jews give to charities in order to gain respectability.
9. Even if a Jew undergoes Christian Baptism he remains a Jew because they are a race.
10. Jews concentrate themselves in the large cities where they promote socialism and decadence.
Photographed with Eric Thomson of Internal Affairs Ministry. Covington is described as "Army". The text accompanying
the photo suggests "Both men are well qualified to explain why Black people are not White people inside and what happens
when White people turn their country over to Black people."
Court Order Against Harold Covington for Libel
Court Order follows in full: Filed on June 26, 1997 / 4:04PM
NORTH CAROLINA GENERAL COURT OF JUSTICE DISTRICT COURT DIVISION WAKE COUNTY File No.: 96
William W. Williams ) Plaintiff ) vs. ) I N J U N C T I O N Harold A. Covington ) Defendant )
This cause coming to be heard, after proper notice and being heard, on the 25th day of April, 1997, before the Honorable
Paul Gessner, Judge Presiding.
It appearing to the Court, through affidavit and other evidence that:
FINDINGS OF FACT
1. Defendant was properly served, pursuant to N.C. Rules of Civil Procedure, Rule 4 on March 21, 1997, with a Motion
for Preliminary Injuction and Notice Of Hearing. 2. Plaintiff appeared, represented by counsel. 3. Defendant did not
appear. 4. Plaintiff served defendant with REQUEST FOR ADMISSIONS OF DEFENDANTon the 18th day of February,
1997. 5. As of April 22, 1997, defendant failed to respond to those REQUESTS FOR ADMISSIONS. 6. Defendant served
Plaintiff's attorney with a document on March 17, 1997, entitled "DEFENDANT DECLINES FURTHER TO DEFEND". 7.
Since the Summons and Complaint in this action was filed, defendant has continued to publish defamatory statements
about the plaintiff and continues to republish defamatory statements about the plaintiff complained of in the original
complaint. 8. Defendant continues to use the United States Postal Service in the distribution of defamatory statements
about the plaintiff. 9. Defendant continues to publish defamatory statements about the plaintiff via the Internet. 10.
Defendant continues to publish defamatory written statements about the plaintiff by other means. 11. Electronic posts to
the Internet are the most insidiously invidious publications in that they remain lurking for additional republication. 12.
Plaintiff has suffered and continues to suffer injury to his reputation and said publications continue to deter third persons
from associating with plaintiff in social and business intercourse. 13. Each individual defamatory publication about the
plaintiff by the defendant causes additional injury to the plaintiff. 14. A monetary judgement can not adequately remedy
plaintiff's injuries caused by the defendant. 15. Defendant has been making material misrepresentations regarding the facts
and procedures of this civil action via the Internet. 16. Defendant uses assumed names to publish defamatory statements
about the plaintiff: including but not limited to; "Secretary General:, "NSWPP", and particularly his rakish nom de plume,
"Winston Smith". 17. Defendant has repeatedly and falsely published statements that this Civil Action involves the "National
Alliance". 18. Defendant has repeatedly and falsely published statements that the "National Alliance" is a party in this Civil
Action. 19. Defendant has published statements indicating his intention to defy any Wake County Court Order enjoining his
defamatory speech regarding the plaintiff.
CONCLUSIONS OF LAW
1. Defendant has been publishing defamatory statements, both per se and per quod of and concerning the plaintiff since
the filings of this Civil Action.
2. Plaintiff has made an adequate showing that he will prevail in this action. 3. Defendant's actions by making additional
and republishing the original defamatory statements complained of are causing the Plaintiff irreparable harm. 4. Money
damages alone are not sufficient to make the plaintiff whole.
NOW, THEREFORE, IT IS ORDERED:
1. Defendant, Harold A. Covington, is hereby enjoined from any publication of any matter involving plaintiff, William W.
Williams. 2. Defendant shall not publish, nor cause to be published any matter concerning William W. Williams or his
activities. 3. Defendant shall not refer to this Civil Action as the "National Alliance law suit" or the "suit against the
NSWPP". 4. Defendant shall not refer to the plaintiff as: "John Doe #2", "Mr.'X' ", or "Little Willie". Entered this 25th day
of June, 1997 - Paul Gessner, Judge Presiding
1973 - Harold Covington, who joined a neo-Nazi group while in the U.S. Army in 1972, moves to South Africa, later
joining the white-led Rhodesian Army for 18 months. Covington will later claim that he was a founding member of the
Rhodesian White People’s Party. He will be deported from Rhodesia (later renamed Zimbabwe) in 1976, after sending
threatening letters to a Jewish congregation there.
“A Personal Message From Harold A. Covington Thursday, June 28, 2007”
Dear Racial Comrades,
53 years ago, when I was nine months old, the United States Supreme Court handed down a historic and terrible decision
called Brown vs. Board of Education.
That decision destroyed my life, and the lives of two subsequent generations of White children who have been effectively
denied an education, because a child cannot learn in the presence of dangerous and violent animals with skins the color of
shit who foul their nest with their own excrement.
It would be difficult for me to encompass, and impossible for me to overstate, the catastrophic consequences that Brown
vs. Board of Education has had for America, and for people like me who have been forced to grow up in its shadow. I do
not believe I am overstating the case when I say that all of the many, many subsequent evils which have destroyed the
America into which I was born, originated in that one act of judicial folly and madness.
Today, June 28th, 2007, in a moment of lucidity such as those which occasionally befall a far-gone Alzheimer's patient,
America briefly recovered its sanity. The United States Supreme Court has reversed that terrible judicial fiat which
destroyed my life and millions of others back when I was still in the cradle. In two decisions involving the public school
systems in Seattle and Louisville, they effectively brought the racial integration of the public schools to an end, in the legal
sense, anyway, although I'm sure the dying integration monster still has some spasmodic twitches of life in it.
Nor can the damage of three generations be undone. Any moron can make an aquarium into fish soup, but no one can turn
fish soup back into an aquarium.
But at least America has admitted that it was wrong, albeit 53 years too late. There are some who might tell me that at least
now I can face my declining years with that inner satisfaction, knowing that those nine old swine admitted they were
wrong. I don't see it that way.
I look at it it like this: okay, you rotting insects in your black robes--you've admitted you were wrong. Now give me back
my life, the life I should have had, the life I would have had, if your predecessors had not decided to yield to the yowlings
of the black beasts and the whisperings in their ear of a race of alien Asiatic parasites.
Give me back the youth I should have had. Give me back the future I should have had in 1971 when I graduated from the
little corner of hell on earth that you created. Give me back the world that I had a right to, and which you stole from me.
Okay, America, you've admitted that you made a mistake. A mistake that I have already paid for. Now what are you going
HAYDEN COOPER COVINGTON 25 October 2018
HAYDEN COOPER COVINGTON. Ref: 8006. Born: 19 Jan 1911 at Texas TX. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother:
not known, Mother Ref: 0. Died: 21 Nov 1978 at Los Angeles CA aged 67. He was legal counsel for the Watch Tower
Bible and Tract Society during one of its most difficult periods in the mid-20th century. Hayden Covington has a record 37
victories in the United States Supreme. He argued numerous cases before the United States Supreme Court on behalf of
Jehovah’s Witnesses in defense of their religious freedoms, winning most of them, and thus indirectly, advancing the
cause of civil liberties on behalf of all American citizens. In 1967, he famously defended then world heavyweight
champion Muhammad Ali in his legal battle against the draft during the Vietnam War. He sued Ali to recover $247,000 in
In its chapter on Covington, Great American lawyers: An Encyclopedia relates:
Covington reported one meeting in which he and Knorr met with President Harry Truman about a pardon for a Witness
who had been convicted of evading the draft. Covington claimed that Truman cursed and claimed to have no use "for that
SOB who didn't want to die for his country in time of war."
That meeting apparently occurred on Friday, September 6, 1946. President Truman eventually did pardon 136 Jehovah's
Witnesses who had been convicted in draft cases. Later, on October 12, 1951, Truman reportedly accepted the offered
Jehovah's Witnesses publication What Has Religion Done for Mankind
Interview with Watchtower Attorney Hayden Covington
Note: this summary was typed from a taped interview with Covington completed on Nov. 19, 1978, two days before his
death. The interviewer was Jerry Murray and his wife. Not everything on this site is negative towards Jehovah's
Witnesses. In fact, they are fine people with a heart for the better things in life for the most part. This file is an example of
some of the hard and fearless workers that onced graced the halls of Bethel, in spite of how they were treated thereafter.
Bro. Murray: Brother Covington, anybody can listen to you and tell you are from somewhere in the southwest, but exactly
where and when did you come on the scene?
Covington: I was born in January 19, 1911 in East Texas. I was raised on a farm in a place east of Dallas. I worked my
way through school after that. My father was on the Texas Ranger Force and he was transferred to San Antonio, Texas
and that's where I went to law school.
Bro. Murray: How did you happen come into the truth then?
Covington: I came into knowledge of the truth because my father was transferred from San Antonio, Texas down to the
valley as a Texas Ranger. After that transfer I had to have a place to stay, so I stayed with two friends of mine that I went
to school with. They asked me to move in with them and the father who was the head of the family was in bad health and
he had all of us come on Sunday and listen to him talk about world conditions. He interested me and I got very interested
in what he had to say because I was myself fed up with the way things were going and like all young kids I was
dissatisfied with the establishment, and I was very much so at the time and I was flirting with controversial ideas and he
was full of controversy against this system of things. What he preached appealed to me very much and so I listen to him
and he would turn on the radio station KTSA that had the recorded broadcasts of Judge J. F. Rutherford, as he was as
called and known; so he insisted on our listening and I was very pleased with what I heard. [Note Covington did not
become a Witness due to his love for the scriptures or God but out of youthful rebellion].
Bro. Murray: Was the fact that Brother Rutherford was a lawyer, did that impress you too? Did that make it more
Covington: Well he presented the thing in a way that was incontrovertible by me. As a lawyer I could see that he knew
what he was talking about 100%. He was very persuasive and I was a ready, willing listener, and I was willing to join up
with him in his opposition, for the truth.
Bro. Murray: You were ripe for the truth! When did you first meet Brother Rutherford?
Covington: In Houston in 1900 and, I forget the year, way before I came to Bethel. I went over to Houston with a group
of brothers that knew they were having a special meeting over there, and Brother Rutherford was there because Brother
Isaac lived down in Houston at that time. He's dead now, Joe Isaac, he was a great friend of the judge, and I heard his
name all over Texas.
Bro. Murray: Tell me this, when you took the truth, and you began to go to meetings, how did your Daddy react to that?
Covington: Well he got to be very hostile against what I was doing when I was going to the Witness meetings because he
had great ambitions for me to be a politician ... And I was then working in the county court house, in the county clerks
office, and I had a political job. Whenever they were out campaigning, I was out preaching. So I had a political job and a
political office, but I didn't go along with it.
Bro. Murray: When were you actually admitted to the bar?
Covington: I was admitted to the bar in year of 1933.
Bro. Murray: So you practiced law for a little while before you went to Bethel?
Covington: Oh yes, I was an active practitioner at the bar in San Antonio after I took the bar examination, and, incidentally,
I took the bar examination a year before I graduated and passed it.
Bro. Murray: Then you still had to go the extra year?
Covington: I had to go the extra year to get my certificate of graduation.
Bro. Murray: Did you set up your own law firm or did you join a law firm there?
Covington: I was working for a big law firm when I was admitted to the bar and I passed it with such high grades that the
head of the law firm "Moffison - Burkeson" came and offered me a job.
Sis. Murray: How did you get involved then in defending Witnesses and working Brothers?
Covington: That came about after I quit the Morrison firm and went over with R. H. Mercer, who was a defender of
damage suits for the Maryland Casualty Company in San Antonio. And there was some brothers who got arrested down in
the valley because of a meeting that was held down there and I went down and appeared on their behalf and got the case
thrown out. And then it was my name reached the Society and they assigned me to represent the Society in a will contest
case up in Curville, Texas, and I handled that for the Society And then the Brothers got involved in controversy with the
San Antonio police and that is when we get into the matter of Brother Heath. We were having information marches, and
the cops were trying to stop us. And it became necessary for me to have a conference with the Mayor of the City of San
Antonio on whether Jehovah's Witnesses have the right to engage in information marches, carrying the sign that religion is
a snare and a racket.
Bro. Murray: And that made people mad didn't it?
Sis. Murray: But how did you win that case?
Covington: By pleading with the Mayor he saw then that we had the right, I made him, well I didn't make him, the Lord
made him, but I was the one that offered the proposition (Brother Heath was in San Antonio on the occasion of that visit).
Brother Heath was the secretary for Brother Rutherford at the time.
Sis. Murray: So when he saw you there he invited you to Bethel?
Covington: Well, he invited me not to Bethel, he invited me to attend the Madison Square Garden Convention.
Bro. Murray: Is that the one where they had all of the riots?
Covington: That's where the Catholic Action tried to break the meeting up in 1939. On the the record Government and
Peace and you can hear the mob action from up the stairs. When the mob started, Brother Heath got down off the
speaker's platform because he was in charge of all the ushers; and headed up there and when he headed, I headed too. He
went up the meandering stairway up into the old Madison Square Garden, not the one that's there today. I followed him
and we went together. They were screaming and mad, this was the same sort of noise that you hear on that Government
and Peace record was yelled into our ears as we was going up there to maintain law and order in that religious gathering.
Covington: The cops were on the outside and acting "hands off," allowing those Coglanites to go ahead and to break up the
meeting, or try to break it up. We went up and we had canes to maintain order and we tried to push the mobsters out of
the way and when we did one mobster grabbed Brother Heath and hurt him very badly, physically. And that's also written
up in the Society publications. They grabbed him by the private parts as he was going up the stairway and he hit the
mobster over the head with a cane in order to break up the crowd that was coming around us. And when he did that then
the cops moved in from the outside (they were in conspiracy working with the mobsters) and they put Brother Heath
under arrest because of his having hit one of the mobsters with the cane. He was in the right, Brother Heath was, but the
cops didn't think so and they went ahead and did their part helping the mobsters and took Brother Heath into custody.
Then I became the chief witness for the defense, meaning Brother Heath, and when the case went to the courts, I was
called up from San Antonio, Texas, to testify. I made two or three trips up on the train, they were two or three day trips.
Anyhow, in the end Brother Heath was tried by three judges, that were black robed representatives of the State of New
York to enforce the felony law and they were going to try and get him. But the judges ruled, based on the testimony that I
gave supporting Brother Heath's self-defense, that he was not guilty. They held that the testimony was given by a member
of the bar whom they believed was more credible than the mobsters that had testified against him ... so Brother Heath was
acquitted as a result of Jehovah's provision of having me there to give testimony on his behalf
Sis. Murray: I remember Brother Rutherford on that record saying that they will not break up this meeting and he just
went on non stop.
Covington: He says "By God's grace the Nazis and the Fascists will not break this meeting up." And that is the way that it
was, not broken up because the brothers maintained law and order.
Bro. Murray: It was not broken up because you used those canes ... at that time there was already some litigation going on
for example, I think, the Lowell case.
Covington: The Lowell Case had gone on up and the judge had authorized the appeal of that and Mr. Moyle, who was at
that time at Bethel, handled that case. I had nothing to do with that case. I didn't come into any of the Society's Supreme
Court cases until after the Snyder case was argued. Brother Rutherford argued the Snyder case, Snyder against Irvington,
New Jersey. Brother Rutherford and I were in that case together. This case was an ordinance against literature distribution
case. Now the Flag case was a different case and that came up for a hearing in 1940; that was adverse to us, the first
one, and then later they reversed themselves as a result of our taking that up.
Bro. Murray: So that was the point where you went to the Madison Square Garden case?
Covington: That's the one where the mobsters tried to break the meeting up in 1939.
Bro. Murray: So it must have been shortly after that you were invited to Bethel.
Covington: ... on account of the fact that I had made a firm defense for Brother Heath and the lawyer for the Society
pulled out. He didn't believe in the self-defense. And he quit. Brother Rutherford was in need somebody so he called on me
and I was not aware of what was going on at the time. But when it did happen, he invited me to come, and I came.
Bro. Murray: You were in one field of law, but you almost got into Constitutional Law.
Covington: Yes. I was originally in casualty insurance, defense, personal injury, and representing insurance companies in
damage suit cases; then bond forfeiture cases and bond obligation cases. Then, when I went to Bethel I was in a different
area altogether. But, still I had had enough trial experience in appellate argument and court experience that it was easy for
me to shift into the position of defending Jehovah's Witnesses and it was good because I was able to do what I liked
which was to defend my client. Also having got a righteous cause gives you a double barrel.
Sis. Murray: That's right, a cause that you really believed in.
Covington: I went to Bethel in 1939. Brother Rutherford called me in, but that was after the Madison Square Garden Riot
case and that was because the fact that other lawyer by the name of Moyle quit, and left Brother Rutherford holding the
bag. I got an invitation to come by special delivery from Rutherford, and I went immediately. I had to transfer cases to a
dozen or two lawyers in order to make that change.
Bro. Murray: You and Brother Rutherford were on a couple of cases together you mentioned. I always think of you as a
lawyer and him as a writer, but was he a pretty good lawyer?
Covington: Oh yes he was! He was a very, very good, he was an eloquent speaker and he maintained dignity and he got
very high respect from members of the court that listened to him arguing the Gobitis Case.
Bro. Murray: You got started in 1940. What were some of the first major cases that you were involved in? I know a little
bit about some of the cases but what were some of the first ones? The "Flag Salute Case?" came along in 1940,
Covington: The first Flag Salute case I worked along with Brother Rutherford, but I had nothing to do in the argument in
that case. Brother Rutherford argued that one, but he did a good job. The reason that it was lost was not because of
Brother Rutherford, but because of the times we were in. The war was going on and the heat was on us from every angle
Bro. Murray: Then for a while the cases just piled up.
Covington: Oh my, yes! They were coming at us fast and furious. It was an eighteen hour day for me to cope with it, but
I was young and dedicated and devouring of any opposition that we had. I kept on going all the time. I was happy to do it.
Bro. Murray: Some of these things here that I'm not too familiar with; you can tell me about some of them. For example I
know about the Harlan, Kentucky case, but what can you tell me about this Connersville, Indiana case?
Covington: Well that was a mob situation that occurred while we were trying that seditious conspiracy case in
Connersville, a hot bed of American Legion action and they ruled the whole town. In the Connersville case I used Brother
Franz as my witness and then the jury was put on and it was necessary for me to get to out the case and I finished the
argument of the case at Connersville and I tried to get a postponement of the case in Maine but they wouldn't put it off. As
result I had to race from Indianapolis to Cincinnati to catch the plane to Boston and that saved my life because that night
they had conspired to kill me. I went to catch the airplane in Cincinnati out of Connersville, and then Brother Victor
Schmidt, who was with me as co-council, he is now dead, he stayed, And he and his wife, Sister Schmidt, were mobbed
by the crowed and as they mobbed them that night, in the darkness, after the case was over, they were screaming and
yelling that they were going to kill me that night.
The Lord delivered me at the right time and I would have been killed that night. I wanted to stay there for the verdict. The
verdict was adverse and I took an appeal. I had to go back in to take the appeal afterwards and the same group of
conspirators were there and I got in an out in a hurry. We made the appeal effective and got the case reversed on appeal,
but that was after a tremendous effort was put forth and a lot of blood, sweat, and tears was involved. It was a part of the
conspiracy to wipe us out in Connersville but by Jehovah's undeserved kindness they didn't. The good testimony was
given but some sisters were convicted of conspiracy and were given jail terms I got them out of jail on bail and we
appealed the case to the Supreme Court of Indiana. It was reversed and they were acquitted by the court on appeal (the
decision came down on Pearl Harbor Day).
Bro. Murray: I noticed that you got a note here about Oscar Pillars, a Brother that was in Texas.
Covington: Yes, he was a Brother that was down in East Texas to show the intense prejudice in that area. They literally
mobbed him and hung him up on a telephone pole and the rope was cut by the steel bars on the telephone pole the angle
bars, that was the thing that saved his life
Bro. Murray: That later went to court, and the persons that were guilty of trying to hang him to kill him fled the state.
Now of course this Harlan County, Kentucky, Sister Murray and I served over there near Harlan County and we heard
some interesting stories about Harlan, Kentucky.
Covington: And Somerset too, Somerset and Harlan were both involved.
Bro. Murray: Now what was their objection to the Witnesses in Harlan?
Covington: Well the same as here. That was where the prosecutor said that if he got me back down into Harlan he was
going to boil me in oil. They had a conspiracy charge against the Brothers, seditious conspiracy charge I then filed an
injunction against the prosecution of that case in Federal court in London Federal Court And I got a injunction against the
State of Kentucky and it's standing yet today, knocking that sedition law out as unconstitutional and the federal judges that
heard the case gave us a vindication. It was highly controversial and hotly contested case.
The thing that was interesting was that the prosecutor said he was basing his charge on the grounds that this literature was
conspiratory and seditious. Then that chief federal court judge said "Mr. District Attorney its now 11 o'clock and court
will adjourn and you be back tomorrow with the proof." So court was adjourned and when he came back the next day of
course he had no proof. All he had were all those books and that's when he was making that statement to the other guys in
the room that he if gets Covington back down to Harlan he's going to boil him in oil.
Bro. Murray: I understand that some of the Brothers roomed next to his room that night.
Covington: Yes they were, because we had taken up all the hotels, and all the officers of the law had to bunk up.
Bro. Murray: Is that where they spent the whole night researching the literature?
Covington: Yes, and that's where the Sheriff and the Marshals said to old Daniel Boone Smith to turn out the light we need
some sleep. Oh that was funny.
Bro. Murray: Yes, that's real funny now to tell about it, but it was pretty tough at the time.
Covington: Yes, our life was at stake. When you are batting with your back to the wall, but Jehovah gave us vindication,
but it was a tough time.
Bro. Murray: You're not kidding!, You know, there are a couple of cases that you don't have down here, but that I know
about personally. For example, did you fight the case about Jones versus O'Blancon?
Covington: Yes that was the case that was taken up to the Supreme Court involving the validity of the license tax law. And
that came up from Alabama. We lost at first, and that was a companion case of Jones against Opelika, and Jobin against
Arizona, and another person against the state of Arkansas. Those three cases were put together and the Supreme Court
heard them and they decided them adversely to us at first. Then on rehearing they set aside their opinion but that didn't
We had to argue with our backs to the wall and that's when Justice Murphy filed his dissenting opinion on the case; he
complained about the Jehovah's Witnesses having been being persecuted by mob violence and all other sorts of
conspiracies that public officials had used to stop their work. That's when Murphy gave his dissenting opinion in favor of
Jehovah's Witnesses and then after that the other cases were taken in from Pennsylvania and that meant that the case
would have to be reopened because that was a very serious question that the court hadn't grabbed a hold of and it was
good too that they brought the other cases in because otherwise the case would have to stand and wouldn't be reheard.
Bro. Murray: As I understand license tax cases, a municipality would say to sell your literature in our town you've got to
have a license.
Covington: Yes, if you wanted to come in to sell your literature here you've got to have a license.
Bro. Murray: But when you went in to get a license they wouldn't sell you one because you didn't qualify.
Covington: You didn't qualify. And that way we got prosecuted on account of not having the license, but we believed that
the license was ungodly anyhow. We never would have got the license anyway, and we were defending the case because
they were making an imposition upon our constitutional rights and contrary to our conscience. Justice Murphy filed a
dissent in that case. Murphy got a good name among us because he was always dissenting in cases in our favor. They
wrote an article about him in the Law Review, some guys did, to the effect that if Justice Murphy is ever sainted, it will be
by the Jehovah's Witnesses, not the Catholic Church. He was a notorious Catholic.
Bro. Murray: It's odd that he would be so strong for justice when he had that background.
Covington: He was very much in favor of what we were doing. And he knew that the life of the country depended on it
Bro. Murray: But not all the Justices were that way. For example Justice Frankfurter,
Covington: Oh! He was very adverse! He was so hostile yet he was a Jew. He was against us in the flag case and against
us in the license tax cases.
Bro. Murray: I read some of his opinions and it's amazing that he, coming from a persecuted minority, the Jewish
minority, that he was so tough on the Witnesses.
Covington: Oh boy, you said it. He was really vicious too. He tried to justify himself, but he was a hypocrite really, and my
feelings about the matter is he was an enemy.
Bro. Murray: Let me go back to this other point. In the Flaxwood Case, the first one, we got an adverse opinion in 1940,
and on Flag Day in 1943 it was reversed.
Covington: And the reason it was reversed was because I brought an injunction case in the United States District Court in
the District of West Virginia, to restrain the enforcement of the state flag salute regulation that required compulsory
saluting of the flag by children in the schools. I challenged that as unconstitutional and that gave me the opportunity to
force the court into the position of deciding the matter again. I brought a injunction suit against the enforcement of the
regulation and it gave me the right to empanel what they call a three Judge Statutory Court. Then that gave us
automatically the right of appeal directly to the Supreme Court of the United States.
Bro. Murray: Now, I don't understand that part.
Covington: Well, it's a highly technical thing, but it gave us a speedy, quick decision and we needed a speedy quick
decision. When we were arguing that case in the District Court, Judge John Jay Parker, who was from North Carolina,
was presiding on the court. Then the Attorney General from West Virginia got up and said well it's not necessary for me
to argue this case, because the Supreme Court of the United States has already decided this case for the Jehovah's
HENRY COVINGTON 25 October 2018
HENRY COVINGTON. Ref: 2513. Born: 4 Apr 1829 at Bedford. Father: Berrill, Father Ref: 2505. Mother: Hodges,
Elizabeth, Mother Ref: 4216. Died: 15 May 1863 at Salt Lake City UT aged 34. One of the original Utah Mormon Pioneer
Overland Travellers (1847-1868).
Henry sailed to America in 1852 on the ship Ellen Maria. Travelled to Utah with an Unknown Company in 1856. He initially
lived in the 14th Ward in Salt Lake City.
JAMES HARRY COVINGTON 25 October 2018
JAMES HARRY COVINGTON. Ref: 5546. Born: 3 May 1870 at Easton MD. Father: James H H, Father Ref: 11856.
Mother: Robinson, Emma V, Mother Ref: 11875. Died: 4 Feb 1942 at Washington DC aged 71. Mar: 4 Apr 1899 at
Easton MD to Rose, Ethel Kate 16908. Travelled from Southampton to New York, 6 Aug 1924 on The Majestic.
Described as a lawyer. Address whilst in London was 123 Pall Mall.
2nd trip 16 Aug 1927 Southampton to New York on The Olympic described as a Merchant
Co-founder of Covington, Burling, Rublee, Acheson & Short, the largest law firm in Washington
Known as Harry. A Congress Representative from Maryland. Born in Easton, Talbot County, Maryland. Received an
academic training in the public schools of Talbot County and the Maryland Military Academy at Oxford. Entered the law
department of the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia in 1891, attending at the same time special lectures in history,
literature, and economics. He graduated from that institution in 1894.
Commenced the practice of law in Easton, Maryland. Was an un-successful Democratic nominee for the State senate in
1901. Became State's attorney for Talbot County 1903-1908. Elected as a Democrat to the 61st, 62nd & 63rd Congresses
and served from March 4, 1909 until his resignation on September 30, 1914 to accept a judicial position as Chief Justice of
the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, which he served from October 1, 1914 to June 1, 1918, when he resigned
to practice law in Washington D.C. Was professor of law in Georgetown University, Washington D.C., 1914-1919.
Appointed by President Wilson as a member of the United States Railroad Commission in January 1918. Finally practiced
law in Washington prior to his death in 1942. He is buried at Spring Hill Cemetary, Easton, Maryland. Biography appears in
National Cyclopaedia of American Biography 1955.
Info from Ellis Island, New York passenger data suggests he arrived there in 1912 aged 41 and again in 1924 aged 54. He
also appears as entering New York from Washington DC in 1923 aged 53 (Ellis Island Family History Passenger
His obituary appeared in the 6 February 1942 issue of New York, New York. The Feburary 6 New York Times carried his
obituary. It read "J. H. Covington Dies; Jurist in Capital. Washington, Feb. 5--J. Harry Covington, former Representative
from Maryland and one-time Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, died here yesterday at his
home, 2330 Wyoming Avenue, after a brief illness. His age was 71. He had been confined to bed since Saturday with a
cold contracted earlier in Chicago.
Judge Covington, one of the most widely known attorneys in Washington and founder of its largest law firm, was born on
May 3, 1870, in Talbot County, Md., the son of James H. and Emma V. Covington. He was educated in the public
schools, attended Maryland Military Academy and the University of Pennsylvania and in 1894 began law practice in
Easton, Md. In 1903 he was named State's Attorney of Talbot County, a position he held until 1909, when he was elected
to the House of Representatives, serving the First Maryland District until his resignation in 1914 to become Chief Justice
of the District Supreme Court.
Four years later he resigned and, with Edward H. Burling, founded the law firm of Covington, Burling, Rubise, Acheson &
Short, which has six senior, ten junior and thirteen associate partners. During his term on the bench Judge Covington
taught law at Georgetown University, and in 1918 President Wilson enlisted his services as a member of the United States
Railroad Wage Commission. He was a member of the board of directors of the Kennecott Copper Company, the Union
Trust Company and the Continental American Life Insurance Company.
He leaves a widow, the former Miss Ethel K. Rose of Brooklyn, whom he married in 1889; a son, J. Harry Covington 3d
of Washington, and a daughter, Mrs. Lewis Clark, whose husband is second secretary of the United States Legation in
JERRY COVINGTON 25 October 2018
JERRY COVINGTON. Ref: 7209. Born: around 1955 at Oklahoma OK. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not
known, Mother Ref: 0. Jerry started building custom motorcycles (choppers) in the early seventies and founded
Covington's Cycle City in Woodward Oklahoma in 1993. He has become well known in the motorcycle industry as one of
the top custom builders for his clean designs and high quality custom motorcycles, and has appeared in numerous TV
shows Including the Discovery Channel's Biker Build-Off series, Carlos Mencia's Mind of Mencia, and Corbin's Ride On.
Jerry has also been featured in several custom motorcycle related books including "Art of The Chopper", and "Top
Jerry's one of a kind motorcycles have won many awards, have been featured in dozens of magazines, including
Easyriders, HotBike, and Street Chopper, and have been photographed by Michael Lichter Photography. Jerry has built
motorcycles for celebrities such as comedian Carlos Mencia, musician Sammy Hagar, and race car driver Billy Boat.
Awards and accomplishments
Easyriders Invitational - Dallas 2008, Best of Show, AMD World Championship 2006, 2nd place: Production
Manufacturer, Discovery Channel’s Biker Build-Off Champion for Jerry Covington vs. Warren Vesely January 11, 2005
V-Twin Magazine, Best Custom Fabricated Bike, All American Motorcycle Show 2004, Best of Show: Pro-Builders Class
Easyriders Invitational - Houston 2004, 2nd place: Best of Show , Easyriders Invitational - Louisville 2003, 1st place: Best
Street Custom, Easyriders Invitational - Louisville 2003, 2nd place: Best Radical, Easyriders Invitational - Columbus 2003,
1st place: Best Radical, Hot Bike Magazine, High Tech Product of 2000, for TC88B frame
JOE ETHERIDGE COVINGTON 25 October 2018
JOE ETHERIDGE COVINGTON. Ref: 16907. Born: during 1911 at Arkansas AR. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0.
Mother: not known, Mother Ref: 0. Died: during 1993 at Missouri MO aged 82. Was Provost and Acting President at U.A.
Fayetteville AR from 1951-1954. Was later Dean of Missouri University.
The following tribute was written by John Germany. Editor’s note: This year, the National Conference of Bar Examiners
announced the first annual Joe E. Covington Prize for Scholarship in Bar Admissions Topics. The prizehonors the late Joe
Covington (1911-1993), NCBE’s firstdirector of testing. NCBE asked John Germany, a former chair of the Conference
and longtime friend of Joe’s, towrite a remembrance of Joe.
"I bring to the task of writing this profile of Joe Covington articles from The Bar Examiner, materials from Tim Heinsz,
Dean of the University of Missouri-Columbia School of Law, an obituary written by Joe and provided by his widow,
Justice Ann Covington of the Missouri Supreme Court, and my own special recollections. It is most appropriate that I
should repeat several facts gleaned from these materials.
Joe was born in 1911, and his early upbringing has a tinge of Horatio Alger. A small town boy from Arkansas, he
graduated from a teachers’ college and became a high school teacher. He was a beneficiary of the Civilian Conservation
Corps as an educational advisor, then went on to the University of Arkansas for both undergraduate and law school. One
law school wasn’t enough for Joe. He attended two more—first the University of Texas and then Harvard where Joe and I
shared a class in 1947.
After receiving his S.J.D. from Harvard, Joe returned to the University of Arkansas; his imprint on that institution was
considerable. He became the provost for the undergraduate school and served as acting president for one year. At the law
school level, he taught and then became dean. When he left the University of Arkansas, Joe moved on to the University of
Missouri-Columbia School of Law where he also taught and served as dean.
Our paths crossed again when I attended a meeting of the National Conference of Bar Examiners in 1969 as a member of
the newly formed NCBE Bar Examination Committee. Joe, who was by this time teaching at the University of Missouri-
Columbia, was a member of a panel convened to discuss “A Uniform Bar Exam: National and Regional.”
At that meeting, Joe made one of his first great contributions to the multistate bar exam by giving a name to our efforts to
bring some uniformity and objectivity to the bar examination process. At the time, the states were fearful of a “national”
bar exam which could cause them to lose their jurisdiction over the admitting process. Joe suggested we call our proposed
examination a “multistate bar examination,” and the name stuck. The committee was so impressed with Joe that we asked
him to become the reporter to our committee and he agreed. From then on, he met with us in developing the examination.
Most meetings were held on weekends at the Chicago airport.
No expenses were paid to the committee members or to Joe by the National Conference because the Conference didn’t
have any money. The energy created by this committee was a sight to behold. All of us knew that we were breaking new
ground which would change the testing process. Despite the fact that Florida had been using them for several years and
New York had used them as a part of its examination for many years, multiple choice questions were still generally looked
upon as an unacceptable way to test legal knowledge.
With the mounting number of applicants, however, the grading of essay papers was becoming onerous, and the delay in
announcing the results was becoming unacceptable to both the state courts and the examinees. The time was ripe for a
new examining process where a multistate test could be prepared according to professional standards and graded in a
matter of a few weeks, giving jurisdictions additional time to grade any essays.
The first MBE was given in February of 1972. In anticipation of this first exam, Joe went from being reporter to the
committee to Director of Testing for the Conference. In the process, the MBE headquarters moved to Joe’s office at the
University of Missouri-Columbia.
The first examination was given by only 11 jurisdictions. The test, consisting of 200 questions, was developed under Joe’s
auspices. He appointed the members of the drafting committees who developed questions to be given on the five original
subjects of the exam: Torts, Contracts, Real Property, Evidence and Criminal Law. (The sixth subject, Constitutional Law,
was later added to the test.) Recruiting these volunteers was a huge job that involved finding both law faculty and
practitioners with expertise in the subject areas.
We involved the Educational Testing Service (ETS) early in the processes of developing and grading the MBE. With an
examination of these proportions, we felt that it was important to involve testing professionals from the inception. (This
function was later taken over by American College Testing, now ACT.)
This first MBE was given without a hiccup, and it then became incumbent on the NCBE Bar Examination Committee
members to promote the test to additional jurisdictions. The selling job always included Joe. Two additional mainstays of
this effort were the urbane John Eckler of Ohio, who was chairman of the committee, and Roy Wilkinson of
Pennsylvania, who was always leading the band.
In 1976, I became Chair of the Multistate Bar Examination Committee, and by this time developing the MBE had become
the dominant activity of the National Conference. Despite the phenomenal growth of the exam, our headquarters were still
in Columbia, Missouri, and Joe still refused to take any pay for his services.
As additional jurisdictions were added, we began to generate large sums of money and correspondingly large expenses for
producing the examination. Our bills, often in six figures, would be paid by Joe—not with desk checks, but with those
small checks often used for household accounts.
California’s adoption of the examination was a coup that added thousands of examinees per exam. The major holdout
continued to be New York. The New York Board of Law Examiners was reluctant to change its exam, which at the time
consisted of both essay and multiple choice questions and which board members felt was working well.
Joe and I finally had a hearing before the judge of the Court of Appeals of the State of New York who was in charge of
the New York examination. He met with us in New York City and we presented our case along with a member of the New
York Board who argued against adopting the MBE. Sometime after this hearing, a decision was made to adopt the MBE,
and the New York bar examiners, once on board, became advocates of the exam.
By the time New York joined the list of jurisdictions using the MBE, other jurisdictions had also begun to appreciate the
advantages of administering this exam. The list was growing.
With the growing success of the exam, it became necessary to validate the exam to prove its testing ability. Joe selected a
blue ribbon commission to complete the assessment. When this commission gave its stamp of approval, it became easier
for the committee to sell the exam to the remaining jurisdictions. (Our efforts were successful, as today all but two
jurisdictions have adopted the MBE.)
During this time Joe and I became fast friends. In our extensive travels we had long talks which included both professional
and personal subjects. Many of these would take place during after-dinner walks. I came to know of Joe’s pride in his
son, his love of his wife, Ann, and his pleasure in his record collection and sound equipment. His library at home
resembled a recording studio.
Joe had a wonderful sense of humor. During the Nixon-McGovern election, we were guests of Roy Wilkinson at the
Union League Club in Philadelphia. The club was festooned with bunting for Nixon. As we viewed this, Joe quietly asked,
“I wonder where I could make a contribution to McGovern?”
His sense of humor was also evident at his NCBE retirement party. He rose in response to the many accolades that he had
received. He said that many people had asked what he was going to do in his retirement, and he was now announcing that
he was going to start a bar review course. (Because bar review courses had been anathema to Joe, this joke carried great
weight for those of us who knew him.)
At the conclusion of this wonderful career, Joe didn’t retire, he just changed his focus. He continued to revel in Ann’s
successes as a justice and eventually Chief Justice of the Missouri Supreme Court; he took immense enjoyment in his
music and in his travel adventures.
The world is a better place for Joe’s having lived in it, and I am a better person for having known him. It is only fitting
that the National Conference of Bar Examiners should create this award in Joe’s name."
JOEY COVINGTON 25 October 2018
JOEY COVINGTON. Ref: 5550. Born: 27 Jul 1945 at East Conemaugh PA. Father: not known, Father Ref: 0. Mother: not
known, Mother Ref: 0. Not actually a Covington, Real name Joseph Edward Michno, ie Joe E.
Covington has been my stage name but I am not a Covington by birth. I found my record cover, my union card, and a
photo of me on your site. But for accuracy I thought you should know I am not truly a Covington. I always liked the
Known as Joey. Musician. Percussionist & Singer, mainly sessions. Worked on albums with Jefferson Airplane 1969/1974
and Peter Kaukonen 1971 & 1977. Recordings include Drums & Vocals on own album (Fat Fandango) 1973 Grunt
Records BFL 10149. Drums, vocals & percussion on Jefferson Airplane Albums (Volunteers) 1969 RCA, (Bark) 1971
Grunt, (Long John Silver) 1972 Grunt, & (Early Flight) 1974 Grunt Records. Drums on Peter Kaukonen Album (Black
Kangaroo) 1971 Grunt Records. Drums on Papa John Creach Album (Papa John Creach) 1971 Grunt Records. Drums on
Nick Gravenites Album (Blue Star) 1980 Line Records. Drums on some tracks of various Hot Tuna albums 1970-1979.
Drums/Percussion on Paul Kantner Albums (it’s a Fresh Wind That Blows) 1970 RCA Records & (Sunfighter) 1971
Grunt Records. Drums on Rocky Sullivan Album (Illegal Entry) 1981 Rag Baby/Jupiter Records. H
e replaced Spencer Dryden in Jefferson Airplane in 1970. He is described as; "A barely adequate and uninspired drummer,
who even admitted that he disliked the band's music". Joey brought black violinist Papa John Creach to both Hot Tuna and
Airplane in October 1970. Band at that time consisted of Paul Kantner, Grace Slick, Jack Cassady, Jorma Kaukonen, Joey
and Creach. He left the band in 1972 to be replaced by John Barbata. Steve Midnite, Patrick Craig and Jack Prendergast
appeared on his own album. (New Rock Record - Terry Hounsone 3rd Edition)(Who's Who In Rock Music)(The
Marshall Cavendish Illustrated History of Popular Music, Vol 8, Pges 912-913)
Blues From A Jefferson Airplane Discography Version 4.2 - November 1995.
Compliled by Jeff Zahnen (email@example.com)
This discography can be found at The Jefferson Airplane Homepage -
Copyright 1995 by Jeff Zahnen All Rights Reserved. Permission to use, copy, and distribute this text for non-commercial
purposes and without fee is hereby granted, provided that this notice appears in all copies.
Joey Covington - Your Heart Is My Heart (Grunt, 1973) *
II. Band Lineup 1965-1994 JEFFERSON AIRPLANE
Marty Balin - vocals
Paul Kantner - guitar, vocals
Jorma Kaukonen - guitar, vocals
Signe Anderson - vocals
Skip Spence - drums
Bob Harvey - bass